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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 05, 1984

    Visit by the General Secretary of the Democratic Party of Kurdistan/Iraq to East Germany

    In late 1984, Kurdish Democratic Party leader Massoud Barzani and a group of colleagues travel to Europe with false Syrian passports in order to win the favor of the socialist countries and whoever else in Europe who will recognize them.

  • December 22, 1984

    Report on the negotiations of Hungarian Deputy Foreign Minister Róbert Garai in Iraq between 11 and 13 December 1984

    This report on the negotiations between the Hungarian deputy foreign minister and top Iraqi politicians in Baghdad in 1984 shows Iraqi tensions with Iran and concern about USSR military aid to Iran.

  • 1985

    Correspondence between Bulgarian State Security and Stasi, 'The Bulgarian Connection' in the Assassination Attempt against John Paul II

    Documents from the Stasi archives on the anti-Bulgarian campaign surrounding the investigation of the assassination attempt.

  • 1985

    Report of a Representative of the USSR Chief of Armed Forces Communications, Developing Modern Communication Systems

    This report summarizes findings and recommendations by the leadership of the Combined Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact on the issue of improving allied communications systems and equipment. The writer warns that the alliance's communications technology has not kept up with the demands of modern military command and control systems, emphasizing the importance of rapid combat readiness and survivability; the complexity of modern technical systems and equipment; the imperative of maintaining secrecy; and the significance of efficient transmission of information. By integrating advanced technologies within the existing military infrastructure, it is argued, the Warsaw Pact forces will be better equipped to meet these challenges. Suggestions include standardizing equipment across the military, adopting digital formats of information, automating communications, developing technologies immune to the environmental consequences of nuclear explosions, and more.

  • 1985

    Saddam Hussein and His Inner Circle Discussing the United Nations, the Soviet Union, and the United States

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and high ranking Iraqi officials regarding the Iran-Iraq war. They discuss the cease-fire negotiations, the UN Security Council, military and diplomatic issues, and Soviet and US Policy in the region.

  • January 14, 1985

    Deputy Director of the International Department of the CPSU Central Committee R. Ul’ianovskii, 'On a Request from the Leadership of the People's Party of Iran'

    Memo from R. Ulianovski on A. Khavari's request to the CPSU Central Committee for support for Kh. Forugian to take a month-long special study course.

  • January 17, 1985

    Extract from Minutes No. 181 from the Session of the CPSU Central Committee Secretariat from January 17, 1985, 'On a Request from the Leadership of the People's Party of Iran'

    The CPSU Central Committee agrees to a request for Tudeh Party Politburo member Kh. Forugian to come to Moscow for a month-long training course on ‘organizing illegal party work.’

  • January 25, 1985

    Cable from the Embassy of the Hungarian People's Republic to China, 'Some New Phenomena in the Chinese Pursuit to Differentiate Socialist Countries'

    Review of China's foreign policy and its recent efforts to drive a wedge between the Soviet Union and other socialist countries.

  • January 25, 1985

    Appendix to 'Some New Phenomena in the Chinese Pursuit to Differentiate Socialist Countries'

    Analysis of China's relations with other socialist countries and initiatives to "win over" eastern european countries and separate them from the Soviet Union.

  • February 12, 1985

    Report of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq on the development of Iraqi-US relations since the restoration of diplomatic relations in 1985

    This report issued by the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq states that re-establishment of diplomatic relations between Iraq and the US in November 1984 does not affect armament shipments to Iraq by the Eastern Bloc, and maintains that the United States views Iran as an ally.

  • February 15, 1985

    Ministry of State Security (Stasi), Order Number 1/85

    This order from the Ministry of State Security describes the tasks of the MfS units concerning efforts to uncover intentions of aggression and surprise military activities by western states and their allies, especially a surprise nuclear missile attack against the USSR.

  • February 18, 1985

    Note from a Working Meeting of the CC International Department Deputy Heads of Fraternal Parties of Socialist Countries

    The group discussed a CC CPSU study which contained an analysis and assessment of the PRC’s foreign policy and its domestic situation.

  • February 21, 1985

    Géza Kótai, 'Memorandum for Comrade Mátyás Szűrös'

    Summary of an informal Interkit meeting to discuss China's foreign policy and tension with the Soviet Union.

  • February 25, 1985

    Proposal by Bulgarian Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the Bulgarian Politburo on Bulgarian Relations with China

    In this proposal to the Politburo of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP), Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov recommends an exchange between the directors of the Bulgarian and Chinese planning and development commissions in order to increase trade and economic relations between Bulgaria and China.

  • March 09, 1985

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Soviet Union and DPRK enter negotiations to build a nuclear power plant, and "practically reach a preliminary agreement." North Korea views the construction as being a means of increasing economic and political prestige.

  • March 10, 1985

    Excerpts from the Indictment of Mehmet Ali Agca

    Conclusions of the Investigation Case #179/1982 against Mehmet Ali Agca. The indictment contains details of the Bulgarian investigation of the assassination attempt against John Paul II.

  • March 11, 1985

    Minutes of a CC CPSU Politburo Session Nominating Gorbachev for General Secretary

    CC CPSU Politburo Session nominating Gorbachev for General Secretary after the death of Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko. Many members of the politburo spoke in favor of Gorbachev for General Secretary. They make a unanimous recommendation to the Plenum of CC CPSU.

  • March 14, 1985

    Memorandum of Conversation Between M. S. Gorbachev and General Secretary of the CC NDPA [National Democratic Party of Afghanistan], Chairman of the Revolutionary Council of DRA [Democratic Republic of Afghanistan] B. Karmal.

    Gorbachev and Chairman Karmal discuss the future of Afghanistan with less intervention from the Soviets.

  • March 15, 1985

    Conference of Secretaries of the CC CPSU, Held in the Office of CC CPSU General Secretary Comrade M. S. Gorbachev

    Following general Secretary Konstantin Chernenko's death, Soviet officials discuss a Warsaw Pact meeting and conversations with various foreign leaders.

  • March 20, 1985

    Memorandum of Conversation between Raúl Castro and Mikhail Gorbachev

    Raúl Castro was Cuba’s defense minister; Mikhail Gorbachev was the General Secretary of the Communist party of the Soviet Union.