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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 08, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the US Secretary of State, J. Baker in Moscow

    Baker and Gorbachev discuss public opinion of the recent improvement in relations between the Soviet Union and the United States, as well as Saddam Hussein's recent invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 09, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl in Bonn

    Kohl expresses concerns about Gorbachev's control over the situation in the Soviet Union and offers his support. The two then discuss the recent invasion of Kuwait by Iraq.

  • November 12, 1990

    Statement by the Honorary Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, about his discussions in Baghdad

    Willy Brandt's statement on the Gulf Crisis issue, includes his strong belief in the non-military solution efforts; however Brant makes it clear in his statement that he has no intentions to become a mediator in the crisis, but only serve as an advisor.

  • November 19, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and the General Secretary of the UN J. Pérez de Cuéllar in Paris (excerpt)

    Excerpt from a conversation between Gorbachev and Pérez de Cuéllar on the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 19, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and President of the US George Bush in Paris

    Gorbachev and Bush discuss options for responding to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 20, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and British Prime Minister M. Thatcher

    Gorbachev and Thatcher discuss the potential response through the UN to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 21, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and Canadian Prime Minister B. Mulroney in Paris

    Gorbachev and Mulroney discuss the potential response through the UN to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 27, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Saudi Arabia, S. Al Faisal

    Gorbachev and Al Faisal discuss ongoing crisis caused by the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • 1991

    Organizing Group for the Establishment of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine in 1991

    List of officers who assisted with the organization of independent Ukraine's new ministry of defense.

  • 1991

    Memoirs, Chinese Finance Minister Bo Yibo, Excerpt on Preventing 'Peaceful Evolution'

    Former Finance Minister Bo recalls Mao's reaction to US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' policy toward China in 1958-1959, especially his statements about encouraging a "peaceful evolution" in the Communist system.

  • 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and His Military Commanders after the First Gulf War

    Saddam and his military commanders discuss troop training, military planning, and Iraq's missile reserves following the Gulf War.

  • 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and Top Political Advisors about a United Nations Air Survey Request

    Rolf Ekeus, head of the UN inspection committee on nuclear weapons, requested the United Statesprovide him with an aircraft so he could do an aerial survey of Iraqi lands.

  • January 08, 1991

    Report on Meeting of the Commission of the CC CPSU on Military Policy on 12 December 1990

    Discuss on the reform of the Soviet military and reduction of the armed forces.

  • January 09, 1991

    Conversation between Aleksandr Yakovlev and Kumagai Hiroshi

    In this conversation Ozawa Ichiro's envoy Kumagai Hiroshi outlines a potential islands-for-cash deal, whereby the Soviet Union surrenders the "northern territories" to Japan in return for Japanese credits and investments up to the amount of 26 billion USD.

  • January 11, 1991

    CPSU CC Reports, 11 January 1991

    Reports "On the development of the new position of the War Councils in the arming of the USSR, internally, externally, and with railroad troops" and "On the delimitation of function of governmental and party organs in the work of the War Councils."

  • January 15, 1991

    CPSU CC Report on Assistance to the People's Party of Iran, 15 January 1991

    Report from K.N. Brutentz about providing assistance to the People's Party of Iran. [Attached to CPSU Report, 17 August 1987].

  • January 15, 1991

    Saddam Hussein and the Revolutionary Command Council Discussing the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait and the Expected US Attack

    Conversation between Saddam Hussein and the Revolutionary Command Council discussing Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait, various strategic planning and weaponry, potential responses by neighboring countries, and the expected US attack.

  • January 18, 1991

    Iraq Revolutionary Command Council Meeting about Coalition Operations Against Iraq

    Iraqi officials discuss the intervention of United States and coalition forces following the invasion of Kuwait.

  • January 22, 1991

    Commission on Questions of the Chernobyl Catastrophe, Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR, 'On Some Problems in the Elimination of the Consequences of the Accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Energy Station'

    This report explains ecological and security problems which arose several years later as a result of the Chernobyl accident, as well as areas for improvement in control of the reactor site and medical testing of the local population. Importantly, it also acknowledges that the potential impact zone includes approximately 4.5 million residents of Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia, which was, at that time, not widely known.

  • January 25, 1991

    Report of Secretary of the CC CPSU - Republic and Regional Committee Party - 25 January 1991

    Includes CC CPSU Report of 11 January 1991.