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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • July 20, 1985

    NSDD-179: Task Force on Combatting Terrorism

    Reagan appoints Vice President Bush to the head of a task force designed to assess the US policy on terrorism. This task force will use government resources from all departments to evaluate and give recommendations for actions to prevent and respond to terrorist acts.

  • July 26, 1985

    Polish Interior Ministry Report on Information Leaked to Radio Free Europe on Catholic Church

    The Interior Ministry directive from which this document is excerpted ordered an investigation into how a confidential regime survey of attitudes toward the Catholic Church could have been leaked to RFE. In a follow-up report almost two years later, the Interior Ministry conceded on June 25, 1987 that many people had access to the report and it was impossible to determine who had provided RFE with the material.

  • August 08, 1985

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note for Comrades: Natta, Pajetta, Bufalini, Gianotti, and the Secretariat'

    Introduced by a cover letter by Antonio Rubbi dated August 8, 1985, this document is a report from the delegation of PCI activists who visited China from July 10 to August 1, 1985. The topics covered include the new course of Chinese economic policy, the international implications of this new course, and internal issues of CCP. In particular, the delegation points out that there was a gap” between the level of the Chinese representatives they met who were high-ranking officials and the “quality” of the information received.

  • August 27, 1985

    Speech Excerpt from Meeting of CC PUWP Departments on the Current State of Sino-Polish relations.

    Head of the CC PUWP International Department made the concluding statement, outlined in the document below. The general theme is that there should not be a race with other socialist countries to normalize relations with China, and that Poland should remain focused on building economic ties.

  • August 29, 1985

    Meeting of the Politburo of the CC CPSU, Regarding Yelena Bonner's Request to Travel and Andrei Sakharov's Situation

    The Politburo discusses whether to permit Bonner to visit the United States to receive medical treatment and visit relatives, a decision complicated by concern about the potential risk of an embarrassing uproar if her request was denied barely two months before Gorbachev’s planned summit meeting in Geneva with Reagan.

  • September, 1985

    CIA Intelligence Assessment, 'Gorbachev's Economic Agenda: Promises, Potentials, and Pitfalls'

    An analysis of Gorbachev's new economic policies.

  • September 03, 1985

    Military Exercise Druzhba-85 Plan to conduct a one-sided, multi-stage combined-arms army exercise codenamed "Druzhba-85"

    This document introduces the trilateral military exercise known as Druzhba-85. Involving troops from the Soviet Union, East Germany, and Poland, the September 1985 exercise was implemented with the goal of improving commands and staffs in joint offensive operations; identifying more effective methods of military organization; coordinating allied commands and staffs; and deepening international political ties via military coalition. The exercise is premised on a hypothetical scenario in which NATO forces exacerbate East-West tensions and launch an offensive against the Warsaw Pact countries. The document provides additional detail on the operational procedure of the exercise.

  • September 04, 1985

    Letter by the Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, to the General Secretary of the CC of the CPSU, Gorbachev

    Brandt shares his opinion with Gorbachev, that a constructive American reply to the Soviet moratorium can be, materially and psychologically, a first important step toward curtailing the arms race and toward a reasonable relationship for the two world powers.

  • September 05, 1985

    Transcript of the SED Politburo Session held on 5 September 1989

    A transcript of an SED Politburo Session discussing Hungary's decision to open its western border and allow East German citizens to cross into Austria.

  • September 06, 1985

    Letter from US President Reagan to South African President P.W. Botha

    Letter from Ronald Reagan to South African State President P. W. Botha, urging Botha to take action to bring peace to South Africa, so that the United States may more effectively assist South Africa in the region. Asserts that talks about race and leadership in South Africa need to be conducted with figures currently imprisoned. Reagan writes that he will veto most of the legislation currently moving through Congress.

  • September 07, 1985

    KGB, Information Nr. 2955 [to Bulgarian State Security]

    The Soviet KGB seeks to create a "favorable opinion for us abroad" through active measures connected with the appearance of AIDS in the United States. The KGB also claims that the US Department of Defense is behind the "rapid spread of the AIDS disease"

  • September 09, 1985

    Note on a Meeting in the Embassy of the Republic of Iraq with Ambassador Fawzi al-Bander

    Ambassador al-Bander asks to send intelligence officers from Iraq to the GDR for training.

  • September 11, 1985

    Meeting Between the Ambassador of Iran and the East German Minister for National Defense

    Iranian Ambassador to the GDR Hamed Reza Assefi discusses the nature of the Iran-Iraq War and the East German position in it. East German Minister Hoffman then responds that the GDR's position, though it is to promote peace, is chiefly to resist the NATO arms build-up. The Ambassador also requests military training assistance from Germany.

  • September 17, 1985

    Polo Cintra Frías to Ulises Rosales

    General Polo Cintra Frías was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; General Ulises Rosales was Cuba's first deputy minister of defense.

  • September 26, 1985

    Hungarian Embassy in Ethiopia, Ciphered Telegram, 26 September 1985. Subject: Ethiopia’s relations with the DPRK.

    North Korea's influence in Ethiopia and the response by the Soviet Union is the subject of this telegram.

  • September 27, 1985

    Planned Visit by Iraq Delegation of the Division Chemical Services of the Ministry for National Defense

    Plan for a visit by a delegation from Iraq's Ministry for National Defense, Division of Chemical Services regarding a training site build by East Germany.

  • September 29, 1985

    Statement of Willy Brandt, Former Chancellor of West Germany, before the United States Congress

  • September 30, 1985

    Letter, 'Re: Information Related to China'

    Report on a Hungarian delegations meeting with the deputy chairman of the Chinese State Planning Commission on China's on-going economic reforms and relations with Hungary.

  • October 16, 1985

    Fidel Castro to José Eduardo dos Santos

    José Eduardo dos Santos was the president of Angola.

  • October 16, 1985

    Letter, First Secretary of the People's Party of Iran Central Committee A. Khavari to the International Department of the CPSU Central Committee

    Request from Ali Khavari to send PPI members to USSR for training in propaganda strategy.