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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 23, 1974

    Bulgarian Military Intelligence Report on Greco-Turkish Battles in Cyprus

    Report on the hostilities between the two countries during the 1974 Cypress Crisis.

  • July 27, 1974

    Telegram from Archbishop Makarios to Todor Zhivkov

    Writing from New York, Makarios seeks Bulgarian support after the Turkish invasion of Cyprus on 20 July 1974.

  • August 01, 1975

    Memorandum of Conversation, 'Economic Policy/Cyprus; French Nuclear Programs; Energy'

    Transcript of a conversation between President Ford, Henry Kissinger, and French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing. The conversation opens with a discussion of economic policy and the embargo on northern Cyprus following the 1974 Turkish invasion. Giscard then asks about the slow progress of US technical assistance to the French nuclear program. Lastly they discuss energy and oil prices.

  • December 09, 1975

    Memorandum of Conversation, Todor Zhivkov – Süleyman Demirel

    The two leaders discuss Bulgarian-Turkish trade relations, initiatives for the Balkans; Greco-Turkish relations, and the issue of repatriation of Bulgarian ethnic Turks.

  • April 27, 1979

    Letter from Y.Andropov to Gen. D. Stoyanov Thanking Him for Materials on Turkey and Peru

  • April 22, 1980

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Yasser Arafat, Damascus

    The two leaders discuss the situation in the Middle East, and the role of the superpowers - the US and the Soviet Union.

  • December 11, 1980

    Information from Gen. G. Anachkov on Turkish Military Attaches Intelligence Activity

  • November 23, 1982

    Shorthand Protocol of a Bulgarian Ministry of the Interior Leadership Meeting on Turkish issue

  • 1983

    Turkey: Peace on Trial

    Pamphlet from European Nuclear Disarmament detailing the trial of members of the Turkish Peace Association (TPA). Describes the goals of TPA, its arrested members, and the denial of basic rights during the trial. Contains personal accounts of the peace campaign environment in Istanbul and of the trial itself, including published courtroom speeches and the background of the trial.

  • April 11, 1984

    Letter, Major General Kienberg to Major General Kratsch

    Correspondence requesting Stasi (MfS) support for the Communist Party of Turkey and People's Party of Iran (Tudeh).

  • April 11, 1984

    Memo: Support Measures for the Activity of the Communist Party of Turkey, as well as the Tudeh Party of Iran

    Memo requesting Stasi (MfS) support for the Communist Party of Turkey and People's Party of Iran (Tudeh) through consultations, inspections, and political security investigations.

  • May 03, 1984

    Shorthand Protocol of the Bulgarian Ministry of the Interior Leadership Meeting on Turkish issue

  • March 10, 1985

    Excerpts from the Indictment of Mehmet Ali Agca

    Conclusions of the Investigation Case #179/1982 against Mehmet Ali Agca. The indictment contains details of the Bulgarian investigation of the assassination attempt against John Paul II.

  • June, 1988

    Saddam and Senior Advisers Discussing Iraq's Stance toward International Law, Relations with Turkey, Kurdish Autonomy, and Other Issues

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and unidentified Iraqi diplomats. The meeting was held to revise a statement written by Saddam to be read by the Minster of Foreign Affairs regarding how the Iraqis stand respecting international law and legislation (i.e. the Geneva protocol of 1925). The second issue they discussed was the Kurdish insurgency. Saddam wanted to discuss the issue internationally with the participation of four countries. The attendees exchanged their points of view regarding the influence of such decisions (independence of the Kurds) in Turkey and Iran.

  • March 23, 1989

    Bulgarian Secretariat Resolution on Termination of Jamming of Foreign Broadcasts for Bulgaria

    The BCP CC passes a decision to stop jamming the broadcast of Western radio stations airing programs in Bulgarian. This decision however does not apply to Radio Ankara, whose Bulgarian programming continues to be blocked.

  • March 27, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Monday, 27 March 1989

    The CIA's National Intelligence Daily for 27 March 1989 covers developments in Haiti, the Soviet Union, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Ecuador, Lebanon, and East Germany. Certain portions of the document are redacted due to b(1) and b(3) exemptions.

  • June 06, 1989

    Meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party

    Discussion of broadcasts of "Radio Free Europe" and other Western media on Bulgaria's policies towards the country's Turkish minority.

  • January 05, 1990

    Statement of Alexander Lilov, Bulgarian Politburo Member, at a Meeting with the Ministry of the Interior Leadership

    Alexander Lilov responds to criticism from the police academy cadets. In an open letter, the cadets, concerned with the softening assimilation policies towards the Turkish minority, claim that Turkish nationalism poses a threat to Bulgaria’s territorial integrity. Lilov dismisses the fears for secession of the predominantly Turkish regions from Bulgaria and reminds his audience that historically Bulgarian nationalism has also been a particularly destructive force.

  • July 19, 1991

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 19 July 1991

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 19 July 1991 describes the latest developments in Yugoslavia, the Soviet Union, Bolivia, Czechoslovakia, Lebanon and Turkey.

  • February 15, 1995

    Memorandum for Kenneth C. Brill from Andrew D. Sens, 'Memorandum of Conversation of the President's Expanded Meeting with Chancellor Kohl of Germany'

    Kohl and Clinton have a wide ranging discussion on NATO expansion, crises in the Balkans, Chechnya and Northern Africa, relations with Europe, and other subjects.