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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • March 10, 1980

    Note about the Situation Among the National Groups of Iraqi Students in the Soviet Union

    In the early months of 1980, Iraqi students are studying in cities all over the Soviet Union. However, Ba'athist students attempt to provoke a mass brawl with the communist students, especially in the city of Tashkent. The Iraqi government then tries to place the blame entirely on the communist Iraqi students, and evidence suggests that the Iraqi government may have been guiding the Ba'athist students.

  • September, 1980

    Transcript of a Meeting between Saddam and His Commanders Regarding the Iran-Iraq War

    This file contains a transcript of a conversation between President Saddam Hussein and top officials in the Iraqi Regime during the Iran-Iraq War. They discussed the Iranian air force and fighter planes, Israeli attempts to strike the Iraqi nuclear plant, and events on the front lines of the war.

  • September 16, 1980

    Saddam Hussein and His Advisers Discussing Iraq's Decision to Go to War with Iran

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein, the National Command and the Revolutionary Command Council discussing the military situation during the Iran-Iraq War, mainly regarding the disputed territory along the Shatt Al-'Arab river.

  • September 27, 1980

    Telegram from the American Embassy in Muscat to the Secretary of State, 'Oman to give Iraq access to facilities for attack on Iran'

    In a telegram to the Secretary of State, Buck discusses the Omani decision to give Iraq access to facilities in order to attack Iran, and suggests that the United States must urge Oman to remain neutral in order to promote regional stability.

  • October 01, 1980

    Telegram from the American Embassy in Muscat to the Secretary of State, 'Discussion with Zawawi on Iraqi access to facilities for attack on Iran'

    Buck reports on a conversation with Zawawi on Oman's decision to support Iraq against Iran in the Iran-Iraq War.

  • October, 1980

    Saddam Hussein and Senior Iraqi Officials Discussing the Conflict with Iran, Iraqi Targets and Plans, a Recent Attack on the Osirak Reactor, and Various Foreign Countries

    This file contains a transcript of a meeting about the Iran-Iraq War held in October 1980 with Saddam Hussein and high Iraqi officials such as the Minister of Defense, the Chief of Staff of the Army, and the Director of Military Intelligence. Contains discussions regarding the status of Iran-Iraq War and current military plans and preparations to resist Iranian raids effectively by air and sea. Includes discussion about several attacks by Israeli fighters on an Iraqi nuclear reactor and discussion of military operations and targets in Iran.

  • October 06, 1980

    Transcripts of Meetings between Saddam and Senior Iraqi Officials Discussing Military Tactics During the War with Iran, Including the Use of Napalm and Cluster Bombs, Tank Maneuvering, and Attacking Oil Refineries

    This file contains meeting minutes dated 6 October 1980 from meetings headed by Saddam Hussein with the top officials of the Iraqi regime and the high ranking officers of the Iraqi Armed Forces, regarding ammunition and military equipment, coordination between the air defense sectors, Iranian air raids, and air force targets in Iran.

  • October 08, 1980

    Letter from Saddam Hussein to Todor Zhivkov on Iraq-Iran War

  • October 13, 1980

    Report to the HSWP Political Committee on the visit of the special envoy of Saddam Hussein in Hungary

    This report describes the Iraqi special envoy's message to Hungary that Iraq is looking to increase cooperation and dialogue about Iran, and states that both Hungary and Iraq seek a resolution of regional conflicts.

  • October 28, 1980

    Winkelman, 'Information for the Politburo: General Communique of the Central Committee of the Tudeh Party of Iran and the Central Committee of the Iraq Communist Party'

    The Central Committees of the Iraqi Communist Party and Iranian Tudeh Party condemn Iraqi aggression against Iran, support Palestinian rights against what they view as "Zionist aggressors," and criticize American imperialism in the region.

  • November 22, 1980

    Transcript of a Meeting between Saddam Hussein and the Armed Forces General Command

    Saddam Hussein received an update from the Iraqi Armed Forces General Command on the progress of the Iran-Iraq War.

  • March 02, 1981

    Report of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq on the developments of Soviet-Iraqi relations

    This report by Dr. Gy. Tatár of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq describes the deterioration of relations between Iraq and the Soviet Union, and reports that Iraq's increased openness to the West and the Iran-Iraq War are among the reasons for this trend.

  • March 30, 1981

    Hungarian Foreign Ministry report on the visit of the Iraqi deputy prime minister in Hungary between 18-20 March 1981

    Iraqi First Deputy Prime Minister Taha Jasin Ramadhan discusses the Iran-Iraq War and the improvement of relations with Hungary.

  • April 09, 1981

    Special Assistant for NPI, NFAC, CIA, to Resource Management Staff, Office of Program Assessment et al, 'Request for Review of Draft Paper on the Security Dimension of Non-Proliferation'

    Just a few months into President Reagan’s first term his administration wanted to make its own mark on nonproliferation policy. The report suggests building “broader bilateral relationship[s]” and offering political and security incentives could persuade states considering developing nuclear weapons to cease these efforts.

  • April 14, 1981

    Announcement by Hungarian Prime Minister György Lázár on the new Soviet position concerning the shipment of arms to Iraq and Iran at the HSWP Political Committee meeting on 14 April 1981

    György Lázár informs the Political Committee that the Soviet Union intends to lift their embargo on the transportation of military hardware to Iran and Iraq.

  • June 07, 1981

    NSC Discussion Paper: Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Nuclear Cooperation

    On 7 June 1981, the day of the Osirak raid, a policy paper composed by the ‘Senior Interagency Group on Nuclear Nonproliferation and Nuclear Cooperation’ (SIG) was submitted to the NSC. The discussion paper crowned the administration’s nonproliferation efforts as a “key foreign policy objective” and called to revise the 1978 NNPA.

  • June 07, 1981

    "Attack on the Iraqi Nuclear Research Centre"

    After the raid Israel initiated a PR campaign, explaining its reasoning behind the attack. Following this campaign, the second causality of the raid, in addition to Iraq’s reactor, was the credibility of the IAEA. And its officials staged their own counter campaign.

  • June 09, 1981

    Immediate cable from Tel Aviv Embassy to Secrety of State about Iraq (Israel strike on Iraqi nuclear facility)

    While starting to construct the political strategy of response to the raid, the administration came face to face with what U.S. ambassador to Israel, Sam Lewis called in his cable to Washington a “gap” in the administration’s “institutional memory”, as assessments regarding Israel’s intention to launch a strike were not passed on from the Carter administration.

  • June 09, 1981

    Memo to Richard V. Allen from Raymond Tanter, Subject: Israel's air strike on Iraq's nuclear facility

    The NSC’s Raymond Tanter recommended a “middle course of action,” one which would distance Washington from the strike “while avoiding extreme measures designed to punish Israel.”

  • June 09, 1981

    Memo for Richard V. Allen from Douglas J. Feith subject the Israeli raid on Iraqi nuclear facility

    NSC staffer Douglas J. Feith took the internal debate on the legitimacy of the raid a step further, stating that “no rebuke of Israel’s raid against Iraq should be issued without an equally emphatic rebuke of Iraq.” Feith’s argument was based on the fact that Iraq had continuously refused to acknowledge Israel’s existence and was officially at war with it.