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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 19, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions to the Chinese embassy in North Korea, stating that the main purpose of the embassy’s work is keeping in contact with the North Korean government and following the North Korean government’s actions.

  • October 23, 1950

    Burmese Foreign Minister’s Statement to Chinese Ambassador during a Large Gathering of Ethnic Chinese, His Perspective, and Our Ideas for a Resolution

    The Burmese Foreign Minister is critical of Chinese Ambassador Yao Zhongming's anti-American remarks.

  • October 29, 1950

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi

    Zhou Enlai informs Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi on agreements made with the Soviet side regarding pilots and air defenses at Andong.

  • November 08, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions on advising Kim Il Sung to remain optimistic and publicize the Chinese People's volunteer Army's involvement in the Korean War, stating that the opposing side is not prepared for a protracted war and thus is prone to panic.

  • November 08, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu, Peng Dehuai, and Gao Gang

    Zhou Enlai attempts to arrange a meeting between Kim Il Sung and two Chinese leaders, Peng Dehuai and Gao Gang, to discuss military operations and arrangements.

  • November 12, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu

    Zhou Enlai instructs Chai Junwu to ask Kim Il Sung to change the wording of his statement at the Central Committee of the Motherland's United Front meeting, and also to ask whether Chai can accompany Kim in his visit to Peng Dehuai.

  • November 15, 1950

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Stalin

    Mao Zedong informs Stalin of his agreement to the Soviet proposals regarding the strengthening of air forces, and sends congratulations on the recent successful military exploits against the American side.

  • November 15, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De, and Nie Rongzhen

    Zhou Enlai reports on the Soviet plans to strengthen the air force, presumably as a show of force to the American side.

  • November 17, 1950

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Peng Dehuai

    Mao Zedong informs Peng Dehuai and Gao Gang that Stalin has approved of a single central command led by the Chinese, and that they are now waiting to see how Kim Il Sung will respond.

  • November 21, 1950

    Situation of Recent Mass Ideological Trends and Enemy Activities in Shenyang and Lüshun-Dalian

    An internal reference report on social trends in Shenyang and Lüshun-Dalian in the wake of China's entry into the Korean War.

  • November 23, 1950

    Hatred of America is Not Yet Fully Established among Students at Shanghai Colleges and Middle Schools

    An "Internal Reference" report on attitudes amongst students in Shanghai following China's entry into the Korean War.

  • November 24, 1950

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Report on Negotiations regarding the Tibet issue between China and India'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry reports on the Sino-Indian Negotiation over Tibet, and claims that India intends to interfere in the PRC's internal affairs.

  • December 03, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Wu Xiuquan and Qiao Guanhua

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions on how the Chinese side should respond when confronted with questions of whether China should back down in regards to the North Korean issue and the Taiwan issue. In particular, he emphasizes that the Chinese side should focus on blaming American imperialism for the invasions of North Korea and Taiwan and maintaining that China's involvement in these issues is essential.

  • December 08, 1950

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De, and Chen Yun

    Zhou Enlai reports on Soviet replies to telegrams from the Chinese side.

  • December 08, 1950

    Telegram from the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee to Wu Xiuquan and Qiao Guanhua

    The CCP Central Committee gives instructions to the Chinese representatives to the UN on how to reply to confrontation over the Korean issue. The Chinese representatives are to express willingness to end military action as well as desire to know the UN and the U.S.'s positions on the conditions for an armistice.

  • December 08, 1950

    Draft Agreement by the Party Central Committee on Establishing a Sino-North Korea Joint Headquarters

    The agreement establishes a Joint Headquarters between the Chinese and North Korean sides that will command the North Korean People's Army, the Chinese People's Volunteer Army, and all guerrilla forces, and details the leadership and specific powers and operations of the Joint Headquarters.

  • December 09, 1950

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong

    Zhou Enlai reports to Mao Zedong on his talk with Zakharov about their strategic intentions and plans to cross the 38th parallel. Zakharov insists that one army should be moved to the Wonsan area to cover the southward-advancing flank, despite Zhou's disagreement with this move.

  • December 09, 1950

    Letter, Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong

    Zhou Enlai asks for Mao Zedong's instructions on whether to attack Seoul in January or postpone the attack until March, and gives details on the benefits of postponing the attack.

  • December 12, 1950

    Report from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong

    Zhou Enlai sends detailed reports to Mao Zedong on new recruits from the Northeast; the replenishment of military supplies; the distribution of Soviet infantry weapons; the repair of railways and transportation; the condition of airports in North Korea; the use of artillery and tank units; and the stationing of command posts.

  • December 13, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Wu Xiuquan and Qiao Guanhua

    Zhou Enlai expresses that China is the most interested in the opinion of the U.S. and the UN regarding the conditions for an armistice on the Korean peninsula, and makes clear that the 38th parallel is no longer in existence.