Search in

Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • September 13, 1963

    Note by MAE DAP on European Provision in MLF

    Note by NATO Desk on the proposal by the Italian government to include a European Provision in the MLF covenant.

  • September 26, 1963

    Report from Alessandrini to Piccioni on NATO MLF

    Report by italian representative to the Atlantic Council A. Alessandrini to Deputy Prime Minister. The report assesses that the NATO MLF represents the only real chance for European countries to actively contribute to the elaboration of a Western political-military strategy. the MLF is also seen as potentially laying the foundations of european nuclear capability; for this reason a european provision is considered of paramount importance.

  • October 05, 1963

    Letter from Ducci to Quaroni

    Letter from ambassador R. Ducci on the need to establish a European Federation with autonomous nuclear capabily.

  • October 11, 1963

    MAE Cable Report on MLF

    Note by Ambassador to Moscow C.A. Straneo on meeting with Deputy Foreign Minister V. Zorin on Italy's position on MFL.

  • October 23, 1963

    Letter from Ducci to Quaroni on Nuclear War

    Letter from ambassador R. Ducci on prospective consequences for Europe of controlled response strategy in light of Herman Kahn's analysis in the paper Escalation and its strategic context

  • October 25, 1963

    MAE report to MD/SMD on MRBM Missiles deployment in Europe

    The report discusses rumors about SECEUR Lemnitzer's intention to deploy MRBM missiles in Europe as well as US government position on the same issue.

  • December 04, 1963

    Message by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Directorate General for Political Affairs and Security (DGAP), 'NATO strategy'

    The document states what the Italian Embassies in Washington and in London reported to MAE on 30th November 1963, about NATO strategy.

  • December 05, 1963

    Report from Alessandrini to Saragat concerning the Development of NATO MLF

    Report by italian representative to the Atlantic Council A. Alessandrini to Foreign Minister on the development since 1957 of a NATO Nuclear Multilateral Force. The paper discusses the positions of the various European NATO members and conducts an assessment related to Italy's position. Two annexes. Annex A: Basic Elements of the covenant; B, Summary of Paris consultations.

  • December 07, 1963

    Reminder from SMD to Adm. Tagliamonte

    Reminder by adm. A. Zamboni on organization and structure of NATO Multilateral Force, including its political, strategic, economic and legal features. Particularly prominent is the European Provision as discussed in several different fora.

  • December 10, 1963

    Memorandum by Ministry of Defense, 'NATO strategy'

    This correspondence between the Ministry of Defense and embassies in Washington and London discusses the current state of NATO's (nuclear strategy) and the different views held by France, Great Britain, Germany and United States.

  • December 11, 1963

    MAE Cable Report on McNamara's Speech

    Note by ambassador to Washington Fenoaltea on speech held by Secretary of Defense McNamara in New York (November 18) on US strategic doctrine, NATO's defense, and role of NATO european members. Annex with copy of the speech missing.

  • December 16, 1963

    Minute of Meeting between GA and McNamara

    Discussion between Andreotti and McNamara concerning the political aspects of the MLF

  • January 01, 1964

    MAE cable on Atlantic Nuclear Force

    Outline of Italy's position vis-à-vis the british project for an Atlantic Nuclear Force.

  • January 01, 1964

    MAE Cable to Embassy in Washington on Atlantic Nuclear Force

    Cable by MAE Secretary General A. Cattani on US document circulated in parallel with british proposal for an Atlantic Nuclear Force.

  • 1964

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Multilateral Nuclear Force'

    Although the MLF topic isn't on the Atlantic Council's agenda, it will be nevertheless one of the topics discussed during the bilateral conversations. The document reports the current situation, Italy's position, the Italian diplomatic action and the viewpoint of other main Allies. There are also 4 attachments (the European clause; an hypothetical MLF base in Italy; the timing of the project; a possible Italian financial commitment).

  • January 02, 1964

    MAE Cable on the work of MLF Military Sub-Committee

    Note by ambassador to Washington Fenoaltea the work of the Military Sub-committe (logistics, personnel, ship-building, operations). The paper contain also observations on the MLF project's feasibility.

  • January 20, 1964

    Note on Euratom Internal Situation

    Note on memorandum by J. Gueron General Director of Research and Education Euratom to MIC G. Medici suggesting to suppress national nuclear programs and to redirect Italian nuclear development either within the cadre of the European Community programs carried out at the EURATOM centers, or in association with foreign programs (French and German).

  • January 24, 1964

    Note by Head of MD Cabinet on 10th Meeting of MLF Group

    Note on tenth meeting of the MLF group forwarded by MAE to Italian embassies in Washington,London, Bonn, Ankara,Atene, Bruxelles and Aja. Includes responses.

  • April 29, 1964

    Briefing by Permanent Representative to NATO, 'Multilateral Force Project'

    " The document is part of a broad quantity of material prepared by the Italian Permanent Delegation at the Atlantic Council in Paris, and forwarded from Alessandrini to Andreotti (Minister of Defense). It is a group of several briefings (8 in total), drafted by the RICA, in view of the next Atlantic Council meeting at ministerial level, which will take place in L'Aja. The briefings are divided according to the topics that will be addressed in that meeting. This document sums up the state of the negotiations for a Multilateral Force. The negotiations are now in their 7°month. Here there is a focus on Italy's position, which puts Italy in its current state of isolation with regards to this project. The document presents various reflections about the future prospects of this project."

  • June 16, 1964

    Memorandum by Chief of Defense Staff Aldo Ross to Minister of Defense, '32nd meeting of the Military Committee - SHAPEX 64 - Conversation with General Taylor'

    Rossi details the activities that have taken place in Paris during the week from June 8th, to June 13th.