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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 25, 1950

    Telegram from Ignatiev to Vyshinsky

    Report of Kim Il Sung and Pak Heon-yeong’s safe arrival into North Korea.

  • May 03, 1950

    Telegram, from Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong

    A message to Mao stating that Mao's requests for aviation equipment, naval equipment and consultants were received and that these requests will be met as soon as possible.

  • May 06, 1950

    Report, Hungarian Foreign Ministry to the Embassy of Hungary in North Korea (Excerpt)

    The Hungarian Ambassador to North Korea detailing the behavior of the North Korean delegation at the April 4, 1950 celebrations held in Budapest.

  • May 06, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Wang Jiaxiang

    The Chinese side is anxious for the dispatchment of advisors and ammunition that was requested from the Soviet Union, for use in aviation institute drills and for military campaigns in Dinghai, Jinmen, and Taiwan.

  • May 06, 1950

    Soviet Memorandum, 'The Partisan Movement in South Korea'

    Ignatyev discusses the partisan movement in the rural areas of South Korea.

  • May 12, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Vyshinski regarding meeting with Kim Il Sung

    Shtykov reports of a meeting with Kim Il Sung, in which Kim Il Sung tells Shtykov the questions he means to ask Mao Zedong in a following meeting in Beijing the next day.

  • May 13, 1950

    Cable from Roshchin to Stalin, Relaying Mao's Request for Clarification on North Korea Taking Action Against South Korea

    The telegram relays a request from Mao, conveyed via Chinese Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai, seeking Stalin’s “personal clarifications” of his stand on a potential North Korean action to reunify the country. Mao sought the information after hearing a report from Kim, who had arrived that day in the Chinese capital for a secret two-day visit and clearly claimed that he had received Stalin’s blessing.

  • May 13, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Nikolai Bulganin

    Zhou Enlai presses Moscow to accelerate the dispatchment of requested equipment and personnel by the specified deadline so that the Chinese air force and navy can prepare for the military campaign to seize Zhoushan Island.

  • May 14, 1950

    Telegram from Roshchin to Stalin

    Soviet Ambassador to China N.V. Roschin relays a Chinese assessment of the armed forces in North Korea and South Korea and the possibility of China and North Korea signing a treaty of friendship, alliance, and mutual aid.

  • May 14, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 8600 from Vyshinsky to the Soviet Embassy in Peking

    The cable contains Stalin’s personal response to Mao's 13 May telegram. Using the code-name “Filippov,” Stalin confirms his agreement with the North Korean proposal to “move toward reunification,” contingent on Beijing’s assent.

  • May 16, 1950

    Telegram from Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong via the Soviet ambassador

    Stalin notifies Mao Zedong that he believes the signing of a treaty pact between China and North Korea should only come after Korean reunification.

  • May 30, 1950

    Telegram from Soviet Ambassador in Pyongyang, Report on a Meeting between Shtykov and Kim Il Sung

    Terenti Shtykov reports on Kim Il Sung's military planning for an invasion of South Korea and signals Soviet approval for the invasion.

  • June 04, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from Krasovsky to Filippov [Stalin], Transmitting Peng Dehuai's Telegram

    Reports the current climate on the front lines and the decision made to proceed to the next step in their operation earlier than planned. Also reports the activities that the volunteer troops intend to conduct at this time.

  • June 25, 1950

    Report of the DPRK Ministry of Internal Affairs

    A report from the North Korea Ministry of Internal Affairs on an alleged offensive carried out by South Korean forces and the official start of the Korean War.

  • June 25, 1950

    United Nations Security Council Resolution 82, on Korea

    The Security Council makes a complaint of aggression by North Korean forces upon the Republic of Korea

  • June 26, 1950

    Top Secret Report on the Military Situation in South Korea from Shtykov to Comrade Zakharov

    Report from Shtykov to Zakharov detailing North Korean advances on the first day of the Korean War. Included is a list of conclusions drawn up by Shtykov regarding the conduct of Northern and Southern forces thus far.

  • June 27, 1950

    Statement by the President, Truman on Korea

    Truman's statement on the invasion of South Korea by North Korean forces.

  • June 29, 1950

    A.A. Gromyko Reports on Reception of US Ambassador Kirk

    A.A. Gromyko delivers a statement on the start of the Korean War to U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union Kirk.

  • June 30, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, from Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin]

    Telegram from Mao asking Stalin to make sure that Kim Il Sung knows that he must agree to conduct negotiations to cease hostilities, and to decide the time, place, and number of participants for these negotiations. Mao continues to give his advice as to what the best place and time would be for these negotiations (place, on the 38th parallel; and time, 15 July, 1950).

  • June 30, 1950

    30 June Report of the High Command of the DPRK People's Army

    A report from the Korean People's Army on events in the Korean War from June 25 through June 30, 1950.