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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • January 01, 1964

    MAE Cable to Embassy in Washington on Atlantic Nuclear Force

    Cable by MAE Secretary General A. Cattani on US document circulated in parallel with british proposal for an Atlantic Nuclear Force.

  • 1964

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Multilateral Nuclear Force'

    Although the MLF topic isn't on the Atlantic Council's agenda, it will be nevertheless one of the topics discussed during the bilateral conversations. The document reports the current situation, Italy's position, the Italian diplomatic action and the viewpoint of other main Allies. There are also 4 attachments (the European clause; an hypothetical MLF base in Italy; the timing of the project; a possible Italian financial commitment).

  • January 01, 1964

    Atlantic Nuclear Force Her Majesty's Government Proposal

    British proposal for a reorganisation of the nuclear arrangements of the Atlantic Alliance that includes objectives, mixed-manned principle, British contribution, command question, relations with NATO.

  • January 02, 1964

    MAE Cable on the work of MLF Military Sub-Committee

    Note by ambassador to Washington Fenoaltea the work of the Military Sub-committe (logistics, personnel, ship-building, operations). The paper contain also observations on the MLF project's feasibility.

  • January 20, 1964

    Note on Euratom Internal Situation

    Note on memorandum by J. Gueron General Director of Research and Education Euratom to MIC G. Medici suggesting to suppress national nuclear programs and to redirect Italian nuclear development either within the cadre of the European Community programs carried out at the EURATOM centers, or in association with foreign programs (French and German).

  • January 24, 1964

    Note by Head of MD Cabinet on 10th Meeting of MLF Group

    Note on tenth meeting of the MLF group forwarded by MAE to Italian embassies in Washington,London, Bonn, Ankara,Atene, Bruxelles and Aja. Includes responses.

  • April 29, 1964

    Briefing by Permanent Representative to NATO, 'Multilateral Force Project'

    " The document is part of a broad quantity of material prepared by the Italian Permanent Delegation at the Atlantic Council in Paris, and forwarded from Alessandrini to Andreotti (Minister of Defense). It is a group of several briefings (8 in total), drafted by the RICA, in view of the next Atlantic Council meeting at ministerial level, which will take place in L'Aja. The briefings are divided according to the topics that will be addressed in that meeting. This document sums up the state of the negotiations for a Multilateral Force. The negotiations are now in their 7°month. Here there is a focus on Italy's position, which puts Italy in its current state of isolation with regards to this project. The document presents various reflections about the future prospects of this project."

  • June 16, 1964

    Memorandum by Chief of Defense Staff Aldo Ross to Minister of Defense, '32nd meeting of the Military Committee - SHAPEX 64 - Conversation with General Taylor'

    Rossi details the activities that have taken place in Paris during the week from June 8th, to June 13th.

  • June 28, 1964

    Report by Alessandrini on MLF Project

    Report by italian representative to the Atlantic Council A. Alessandrini on the second phase of MLF negotiations, particularly Italy's position.

  • July 03, 1964

    Note from CSMD to MD on MLF

    Note by gen. Aldo Rossi on the activities of MLF working group, Italy's participation to the mixed crew ship experiment, costs and budget.

  • September 06, 1964

    Note by MD Cabinet on Von Hassel Declaration

    Note on declaration by FRG Defense Minister Von Hassel on Italy's position vis-à-vis MLF. Annexes missing.

  • September 29, 1964

    MAE cables on Von Hassel Declaration

    Cables between MAE secretary general Cattani and Italian embassy in Bonn on declaration by defense minister Von Hassel.

  • September 30, 1964

    Note by MD Cabinet on Von Hassel Declaration

    Note on retraction by FRG Ministry of Defense of Von Hassel's declaration concerning the possibility of Italy's veto right within MLF. Annex missing.

  • October 01, 1964

    MAE cable on Von Hassel Declaration

    Correction by FRG minister of Defense Von Hassel and discussion of US position concerning veto rights of MLF members.

  • November, 1964

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO's nuclear weapons'

    The memo deals with the reorganization of political control and of the "command chain" with respect to NATO's nuclear deterrent (opinions of the UK and France, Italian and German criticism). There are 3 attachments: 1) Multilateral Nuclear Force. Italian stance with regards to British proposals (2 pages); 2) British position on Multilateral Force - Message from Washington on 4th December (5 pages); 3) Reorganization of the Atlantic nuclear deterrent (12 pages).

  • November 09, 1964

    MAE Report on MLF

    MAE Analysis on MLF composition, procedures and issue of european clause. The report includes analyses of the positions of several NATO members.

  • November 11, 1964

    Cable from MAE to MD on USSR comments on MLF

    Note by ambassador to Moscow Straneo on comments by Soviet press regarding meetings between high-level US officials and new british Foreign Minister Patrick Gordon Walker on MLF.

  • November 18, 1964

    MD note on MLF

    Note on the current state of MFL project and positions of the parties involved. The paper mentions also the study presented by the Monnet Group.

  • November 21, 1964

    Telespresso by Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Ministry of Defense, 'Multilateral Nuclear Force. British proposals'

    The document consists of the transcript of what has been told to the Italian Embassy in London (Cattani), November 20th about British remarks with regard to Atlantic Nuclear Force project. The document describes the features of the project, reports the disadvantages that could derive from the proposal and the British doubts about that. In addition, the document underlines the goals and the features that - from the Italian point of view - the MLF project could and should have.

  • November 28, 1964

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The project of a global reorganization of the Atlantic Alliance's nuclear deterrent'

    The project to which the document is related concerns only the strategic nuclear weapons, leaving instead the tactical ones under the specific territorial systems of control. The present document is about the components, political control and the NATO command.