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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 05, 1967

    Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Meeting Regarding Bulgarian-Cuban Relations

    In a memorandum to the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo, Gero Grozev, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, critiques the Cuban Communist Party and its approach to building socialism. Grozev describes Cuba’s increasingly poor relations with European communist parties, interference in Latin American affairs, and misunderstanding of Marxist-Leninist principles. Grozev continues describing Cuban leaders as committed functionaries unaware of their mistakes. To correct Cuba’s mistakes socialist countries should increase contact with the Cuban government and help it develop economically and mature politically.

  • December 07, 1967

    Report to Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo on Preparations for Todor Zhivkov’s Proposed Visit to Cuba

    Bulgarian Minister of Foreign Affairs Ivan Bashev proposes a list of Bulgarian government officials to visit Cuba during an official state visit in early 1968.

  • March 29, 1968

    Record of the Plenum of the Bulgarian Communist Party Central Communist, Sofia

    Excerpts of the Minutes of discussion from the Bulgarian Communist Party Plenum regarding the situation in Czechoslovakia.

  • August 15, 1968

    Report from the Bulgarian Ambassador in Havana, Stefan Petrov to Todor Zhivkov on the Domestic and Foreign Policy of Cuba

    The ambassador gives an assessment of the Cuban domestic and foreign policy. He characterizes Fidel Castro as an adventurer and points to certain communist party decisions that are incompatible with the Marxist-Leninist doctrine.

  • August 15, 1968

    Information from Bulgarian Ambassador in Havana Stefan Petrov to Bulgarian Leader Todor Zhivkov on the Domestic and Foreign Policy of Cuba

    Bulgarian Ambassador to Cuba Stefan Petrov analyzes Cuba’s domestic and foreign policies in an informational report to Bulgarian leader Todor Zhivkov. Petrov criticizes Cuban Communist Party policies and claims they are incompatible with Marxism-Leninism (e.g. Cuba’s focus on conflict between imperialism and national liberation rather than socialism and capitalism). Cuba has adopted an anti-Soviet attitude and believes Cuban leadership is the vanguard of communism. Petrov reviews Cuba’s conflicting relations with Latin American communist parties and Cuba's support to guerilla movements in the region. Petrov notes that Bulgarian-Cuban relations remain positive.

  • September 30, 1968

    Gen. Djurov’s Report on the participation of Bulgarian troops in the Warsaw Pact operation in Czechoslovakia, 30 September 1968

    The Minister reports on the progress of the allied operation and on the strength of the Czech resistance.

  • January 24, 1969

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Indira Gandhi Meeting, Delhi

    The two leaders talk about Vietnam, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the situation in Europe.

  • January 26, 1969

    Memo from Bulgarian Ambassador in Pyongyang, Misho Nikolov, to Bulgarian Communist Party's Foreign Policy and International Relations Department

    Report by Bulgarian Ambassador to Pyongyang, Misho Nikolov, outlining Pyongyang's requests to discontinue all political recognition, in both imagery and name, of South Korea.

  • March, 1970

    Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Member Boris Velchev, Report to Boris N. Ponomarev, Secretary, Central Committee, Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), re: Relations with Latin America

    Bulgarian Politburo member Boris Velchin reports on a Bulgarian delegation visit to Latin American in late 1969. Liberation movements are characterized by mass participation against imperialism, not socialism. Latin American communist parties have a strong theoretical base, but are weak. Velchev proposes that socialist countries create coordinated economic and political strategies towards Latin American countries and aid the populist movements in their quest for liberation from imperialism. Velchin is interested in collaborating with the Soviet Union, which should coordinate the effort.

  • April 27, 1970

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Aldo Moro, Sofia, 1970

    Todor Zhivkov and the Italian Foreign Minister, Aldo Moro, discuss the political and trade relations between People’s Republic of Bulgaria and Italy. They both emphasize the need for securing a long-lasting peace on the continent.

  • July 24, 1970

    CC BCP Secretariat Resolution on PGU Undercover Personnel

  • August 04, 1970

    Reports Regarding Bulgarian leader Todor Zhivkov’s visit to Cuba, July-August 1970, at Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo Session (including excerpts from Zhivkov-Fidel Castro memorandum of conversation)

    The Bulgarian Communist Party Politburo report includes three main documents: a protocol and resolution with notes, a top secret information note, and a top secret protocol from 30 July 1970. The first section includes the Politburo's approval of the delegation's negotiations with Cuba, proposals to restructure economic partnership, and the Bulgarian delegation's statements on miscommunication between Cuba and Bulgaria. The second section, top secret information note, summarizes important exchanges during the Bulgarian visit to Cuba (e.g. Zhivkov's discussion on the importance of economic cooperation (COMECON) to the development of socialism). The third section, the top secret protocol, includes portions of a conversation between Bulgarian delegation and Cuban Politburo members. Castro summarizes ideas exchanged during the state visit.

  • November 18, 1970

    Record of Talks between Kim Il Sung and Bulgarian Ambassador to North Korea, Misho Nikolov

    Record of Bulgarian Ambassador to North Korea, Misho Nikolov's farewell visit with North Korean Leader Kim Il Sung, including conversation on North Korea's interest in South Korean Presidential candidate Kim Dae-jung.

  • December 15, 1970

    Memorandum Regarding Bulgarian-Cuban Relations

    In a memorandum, Konstantin Tellalov, Head of the Foreign Policy and International Relations Department of the Central Committee of BCP, and Foreign Minister Ivan Bashev evaluate Cuban-Bulgarian relations. Tellalov and Bashev contextualize Cuba's development both nationally and internationally. Cuba's primary concerns are related to its economy (re: housing, rationing, embargo). Cuba's leadership continues to display a limited understanding of Marxism-Leninism, scientific planning (central planning), and the importance of COMECON. Taking into consideration the Bulgarian delegation’s recent visit to Cuba, they stress the importance of Cuba's success and the need for a radical, all-embracing commitment to relations.

  • May 18, 1971

    Note from Chairman of the Bulgarian Union for Physical Culture and Sport, Regarding 1971 Sofia Wrestling World Cup

    Note from the Chairman of the Bulgarian Union for physical Culture and Sport, Tredafil Martinski, detailing plans to exclude capitalist countries from participation in the 1971 Wrestling World Cup to be held in Sofia, Bulgaria.

  • May 26, 1971

    Science and Technology Intelligence Report on Supplied US Mini-Computer

    The industial espionage unit provides detailed description of the supplied equipment and blueprints.

  • September 06, 1971

    Letter from A. Solakov to T. Zhivkov on Accusations Against Him

    Solakov's second letter to Todor Zhivkov regarding accusations against him, expressed at a CC BCP Politburo meeting in July 1971. The accusations caused the removal of Solakov as a Minister of the Interior, and his removal as a CC BCP member. According to Gen. Solakov, he made a mistake of not informing Todor Zhivkov about few rumors. The first one was that he presumably intended to make a Party career with a promotion to the position of CC BCP Secretary. The second was connected with a circulated inside CC BCP compromising information that Solakov allowed the US CIA to receive through the Bulgarian company TEXIM (a cover KDS organization for arms transfer in Third World countries) several million dollars in an Arabic country.

  • May, 1972

    Report on Fidel Castro’s Visit to Bulgaria and Bulgarian-Cuban relations

    The report details Bulgaria’s preparations for a Cuban delegation and the visit itself. The author offers both praise and criticism of Cuban leadership. There has been positive progress in Cuba in recent years, yet underlying problems remain (e.g. the economy lacks planning). The Bulgarian government devised the visit as an opportunity to teach the Cuban delegation about building state socialism. The report includes an overview of the Cuban delegations visit. Discussions during the visit involved Cuban economic growth and barriers, China, Romania’s non-interventionist policies, Nixon’s 1972 visit to Moscow, and economic and scientific cooperation (particularly between Bulgaria and Cuba).

  • September 20, 1972

    Bulgarian Politburo decision on Intelligence Activity Against China

    BCP CC Politburo approves the request of the Minister of Internal Affairs, Angel Tzanev, for an increase in the intelligence staff in response to the need for expanding intelligence operations in China, Albania, Romania, Yugoslavia and Vietnam – a move closely coordinated with the KGB.

  • September 29, 1972

    Letter from Gen. M. Spasov and Gen. Gr. Shopov to T. Zhivkov against former Counterintelligence Directorate Chief Gen. Grigorov

    A Letter to Todor Zhivkov from Gen. Mircho Spasov, former Deputy Minister of the Interior and Deputy Chief of CC BCP "Military" Department, and Gen. Grigor Shopov, First Deputy Minister of the Interior, with accusations against Gen. Georgi Grigorov, former KDS Second Main Directorate (VGU) Chief. In the letter they both insist that instead of being promoted to Vice Chairman of the State Committee of Tourism, Gen. Grigorov had to "to be imprisoned"