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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 30, 1959

    Memorandum of Conversation with the Deputy Chairmen of the Committee of Cultural Ties with Foreigners, Zhang Zhixiang, and the Deputy of the Department of the Socialist Countries, Lu Ming

    Sudarikov, the Soviet embassy advisor, discusses with the Chinese deputy chairman of the Committee of Cultural Ties with Foreigners and the deputy of the Department of the Socialist Countries to discuss plans for Chinese-Soviet cultural exchange in 1959. The goal of the cultural exchange is primarily to collaborate in the areas of culture and art and strengthen the friendship between the two countries. Zhang Zhixiang expresses the step-by-step Chinese point of view on how this should be achieved.

  • December 31, 1959

    Memorandum of Conversation with the Deputy Chairmen of the People’s Committee of the City of Shanghai, and the CPC City Committee Candidate, Liu Shuzhou, 16 December 1959

    Liu Shuzou, the CPC City Committee Candidate, describes the Shanghai delegation’s recent one-week educational visit to Leningrad. According to Liu, the delegation was received well by the Leningraders, and the Chinese were impressed by the city, Soviet culture, education, and a general improvement in standard of living

  • April 08, 1960

    Excerpt from the Political Report of the Soviet Embassy in China for 1959

    This excerpt from the USSR embassy in the PRC highlights the development and strengthening of the Chinese-Soviet friendship, cultural exchange, and exchange of knowledge and expertise in the year 1959. This was achieved with the help of the Society of Chinese Soviet Friendship and other active social organizations. The report concludes with goals for the upcoming year.

  • February 01, 1963

    Memorandum of Conversation between the Delegates from the Society for Soviet-Chinese Friendship (OKSD), Li Xigeng and Li Zhanwu, with the Society's General Secretariat, 18 November 1962

    A Soviet delegation visiting China meets with local representatives of the Society for Soviet-Chinese Friendship (OKSD) and the two groups have a tense conversation about the Soviet handling of the recent Cuban Missile Crisis.

  • September 24, 1963

    Report on Visit of the Society of Chinese-Soviet Friendship to the Soviet Union, T. Skvortsov-Tokarin

    Report on a tour group of Chinese citizens from the Society of Chinese-Soviet Friendship. The group visited Moscow, Tbilisi, Sochi, Kiev, Riga, and Leningrad. The Soviet guides were frustrated by the groups' argumentative behavior and attempts to speak directly to Soviet workers. The group was especially interested in finding out if Soviet listeners heard broadcasts of Radio Beijing.

  • November 26, 1966

    Gosteleradio Review of Western Radio Propaganda, 'Anti-Communism is the main weapon of imperialist radio propaganda in the Russian language'

    This lengthy review of foreign radio propaganda by Y. Novikov, an official of the USSR Gosteleradio [State Television and Radio] Guidance Department, pays particular attention to what it sees as Western broadcasters’ attempts to discredit Marxism-Leninism and Communist economics, as well as the notion of convergence between capitalism and Communism.

  • May 16, 1986

    Conversation between the Secretary of the CC CPSU A.N. Yakovlev with the Secretary of the CC KWP Hwang Jang-yeop

    Conversation between the Secretary of the CC CPSU A.N. Yakovlev with the Secretary of the CC KWP Hwang Jang-yeop

  • October 20, 1988

    Record of Conversation between Hwang Jang-yeop and A. Yakovlev

    The North Korean CC KWP secretary meets with the Soviet CC CPSU secretary and discusses the problem of the expansion of U.S. imperialism in the Asia Pacific. The North Korean CC KWP secretary stresses the issue of the unification of Korea and express the hope that the CPSU will influence other socialist countries so that they do not attempt to establish political relations with South Korea.

  • August 22, 1989

    Note by Vladimir Lukin regarding Soviet-Chinese Relations

    Vladimir Lukin speculates on the future of China and Sino-Soviet relations in the aftermath of the Tiananmen Square Incident.

  • January 09, 1991

    Conversation between Aleksandr Yakovlev and Kumagai Hiroshi

    In this conversation Ozawa Ichiro's envoy Kumagai Hiroshi outlines a potential islands-for-cash deal, whereby the Soviet Union surrenders the "northern territories" to Japan in return for Japanese credits and investments up to the amount of 26 billion USD.

  • September, 1991

    Report by S. Goncharov for the Russian Leadership on the Question of the Current Situation in Relations between Russia and China (Excerpt)

    S. Goncharov describes the lessons the Soviet Union drew from China's suppression of the student protests in Beijing in spring 1989.

  • October 02, 1991

    Record of Conversation between F.G. Kunadze and Son Seong-Pil

    G.F. Kunadze pressures North Korean Ambassador Son Seong-pil about the DPRK concluding an agreement on nuclear safeguards with the IAEA.

  • October 08, 1991

    Record of Conversation between G.F. Kunadze and Yu Hongliang

    G.F. Kunadze asks that China to "exert influence" on North Korea and have it conclude a safeguards agreement with the IAEA.

  • October 09, 1991

    Record of Conversation between Chairman of the International Affairs Committee of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR A. S. Dzasokhov with the DPRK Ambassador Son Seong-pil

    Son Seong-pil says North Korea will "closely watch" the withdrawal of US nuclear weapons from the Korean Peninsula.

  • November 15, 1991

    Letter from G.F. Kunadze to R.I. Khazbulatov

    G.F. Kunadze speculates that North Korea's nuclear program will be a topic of conversation during high-level dialogues between Russia and South Korea.

  • June 21, 1992

    Assessment of the General Staff of the Navy on Russo-Japanese relations and the problems of territorial delimitation between Russia and Japan

    This document highlights the Russian military’s concerns about the potential of losing the Southern Kurils to the Japanese. The document stresses that Japan still sees Russia as its most probable enemy in the Far East, and has plans to capture the islands in wartime. Losing these islands would present formidable obstacles to the Soviet Union because the Japanese and their American allies would have direct and unimpeded access to the Sea of Okhotsk, while the Russians would be prevented from conducting air attacks against U.S. aircraft carrier force east of the Tsugaru Strait. The document also provides statistics on Soviet-US submarine collisions and Japanese violations of Soviet/Russian territorial waters.

  • May 27, 1993

    Letter from G.F. Kunadze to E.A. Ambartsumov

    G.F. Kunadze is alarmed over North Korea's withdrawal from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

  • June 16, 1993

    Letter from G.F. Kunadze to S.A. Mikhailov

    G.F. Kunadze describes how the Russian Federation is seeking for North Korea to re-enter the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

  • July, 1993

    Statement on Security Guarantees to Ukraine