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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 12, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translated document details new regulations for radio, TV, publications, and live performances under martial law.

  • November 13, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translated document contains regulations on the movement of people in anticipation of martial. This includes plans for a Citizens militia as well as isolation centers.

  • November 13, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation outlines new regulations concerning communication within Poland, including mail service, radio, and telephone.

  • November 13, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translated report details both the militarization of national units such as the economy and administrative organs, as well as plans for the augmentation of the armed forces.

  • November 21, 1981

    CPSU CC Politburo Protocol (extract) and Text of Oral Message from Brezhnev to Jaruzelski

  • November 23, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of a Polish document presented by the Polish Armed Forces on possible radical military measures against Polish strikes and protests. The military can either introduce increased combat readiness of the armed forces in an overt manner or secret preparations for surprises.

  • November 30, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of a classified report from the Polish Ministry of Internal Affairs, covering the general sociopolitical situation in Poland, anti-government and anti-party activity, labor and farmer unrest, the situation in mass media and artistic circles, the activity of the Roman Catholic clergy, violations of public law and order, and other hostile activity. Opinions of Western diplomats and press correspondents are highlighted.

  • December, 1981

    Information [for Gustav Husak] on the Progress and Outcome of the 14th Meeting of the Defense Minsters Committee, 1 and 4 December 1981 in Moscow (Excerpt)

    Summary of the 14th meeting of the Warsaw BlocDefense Ministers Committee. The ministers discuss the Solidarity movement and protests in Poland, and how to handle the issue in the media.

  • December 01, 1981

    The Anoshkin Notebook on the Polish Crisis

    Notebook of General Victor Anoshkin, aide of Marshal Victor Kulikov. Anoshkin kept records of Kulikov’s meetings, phone calls, and conversations in Poland in December 1981.

  • December 01, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of a classified document from the Polish Ministry of Internal Affairs, providing information on: current political, socio-economic developments in the country; attitudes of the mass media, creative arts and academic circles; activities of the Roman Catholic Church; Western perspectives on Poland; and cases of disorderly conduct.

  • December 07, 1981

    Memorandum from [Redacted] to the Director and Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, 'Polish Preparations for Martial Law'

    Translated report details the latest available information to the status of martial law in Poland, and argues the government will not instate martial law in their conflict with Solidarnosc and instead opt for political solutions. It outlines the evidence for this with military and government intelligence.

  • December 10, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo

    The Soviet Politburo discusses the Polish Solidarity movement and the possibility of imposing martial law in Poland to restore order and the communist party's authority.

  • December 13, 1981

    CPSU CC Politburo Protocol (extract), "On Information about the Polish question for the leaders of the fraternal countries"

    Soviet ambassadors are informed that martial law has been declared in Poland.

  • December 13, 1981

    Stenographic transcript of the meeting of the Consultative Political Committee of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party

    This is an extensive meeting dealing with the situation unfolding in Poland following Jarulzelski’s declaration of martial law in December 1981.

  • December 15, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Background to the Polish Imposition of Martial Law'

    Report comes after the declaration of martial law, and takes intelligence from a former Polish General Staff Officer to illuminate some of the details that went into the planning of martial law.

  • December 17, 1981

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Executive Bureau [Politburo] of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party

    Meeting of the Romanian Executive Bureau of the CC RCP, regarding the situation in Poland. The discussion focuses on what kind of aid the Romanians should send the Polish government.

  • December 18, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Soviet Influence Among the Current Polish Leadership and Composition of the Council of National Salvation'

    Report elaborates on how the imposition of martial law makes the Polish government more reliant on Soviet authorities.

  • December 21, 1981

    Central Intelligence Agency, 'Background to Present Situation in Poland and Possible Soviet Role'

    Report outlines the various factors leading up to martial law, including Soviet influence, possible Warsaw Pact intervention, and possible public backlash.

  • December 24, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Soviet Pressure on Polish Government to Act Against the Polish Church'

    Report discusses how after breaking Solidarnosc resistance, the next most important part of maintaining power is to lessen the influence of the Catholic Church. The Soviets propose tactics such as smear campaigns against priests, paternity suits, and getting priests drunk.

  • December 24, 1981

    Intelligence Information Cable, 'Possible Polish Strategy During the Present Phase'

    Report takes information from a former Polish General. He discusses efforts to strike a deal with leaders of Solidarnosc (Solidarity) to oust extremists and set up a new "Worker's Solidarity" organization to take protests against the government off the streets.