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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 03, 1956

    Cable from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and the Central Committee, 'Discussion with Nehru on the Hungary Issue'

    Zhou Enlai reports on his discussion with Nehru concerning the events in Hungary.

  • December 04, 1956

    Review of Radio Free Europe Broadcasting

    Cord Meyer forwards to Allen Dulles as background for Operations Coordinating Board discussions a memorandum of that date on “Radio Free Europe – Review of Broadcasting Policy and Content.”

  • December 04, 1956

    Review of Radio Free Europe Broadcasts to Hungary

    CIA Inspector General Lyman Kirkpatrick provides Allen Dulles with his assessment of RFE operations based on investigations in Munich and New York.

  • December 12, 1956

    German Reservations about Radio Free Europe

    West German Washington Embassy First Secretary Wilhelm Turnwald conveys to State Department officials his concerns about RFE operations.

  • December 19, 1956

    Interview with Hungarian Refugees on Western Broadcasts

    Horace J. Nickels, American Consul in Munich, reports his impressions of interviews with some 60 Hungarian refugees in Vienna the week of December 10

  • December 20, 1956

    German Government Review of Radio Free Europe Broadcasts

    The Bonn Embassy conveys to Washington the results of the German review of tapes of RFE broadcasts to Hungry from October 23 to November 10.

  • December 26, 1956

    CIA-Free Europe Committee Exchange on Control of Radio Free Europe Broadcasts

    Routing slips indicate International Operations Division (IOD) dissatisfaction with the Free Europe Committee (FEC) response dated December 18 to an IOD letter to FEC dated December 3

  • December 26, 1956

    Interviews with Hungarian Refugees on Western Broadcasts

    Bonn Embassy official T.M. Rechnagel, reports his impressions of interviews with some 100 refugees in the Salzburg area in December

  • December 26, 1956

    Memorandum of Meeting with Khrushchev, Moscow

    After lightly rebuking Hoxha's choices to use public trials for the executions of political criminals, Khrushchev reassures Hoxha of the Soviet Union's support for Albania, and concludes with a summary of the Soviet Union's current standing in the international sphere.

  • December 28, 1956

    Third World Reaction to Hungary and Suez, 1956: A Soviet Foreign Ministry Analysis

    Tugarinov wrote this overview of reactions to the events in Hungary and Suez by third world nations. Tugarinov reports that the events in Hungary and the Near East increased the prestige of the United States.

  • January 07, 1957

    Memorandum for International Organizations Division Chief, 'Reflections on Radio Free Europe's Present Position and Potentials; Lines for Poland, etc.'

    Frank Wisner, reflecting on the Hungarian Revolution, suggests that Soviet Communism is on the defensive and RFE broadcasts to Poland should discourage violence while supporting Party leader Gomulka’s efforts to gain more autonomy from the Soviet Union. IOD Chief Cord Meyer annotates the memorandum.

  • January 14, 1957

    CIA Post-Mortem on Radio Free Europe Hungarian Broadcasts

    Report of the CIA Librarian, who with other CIA Hungarian speakers reviewed tapes of RFE Hungarian broadcasts from October 24 to November 4, 1956 and provided responses to seven questions posed by IOD. He provided personal comments in a separate memorandum dated January 10

  • January 26, 1957

    Adenauer Press Conference Response on Radio Free Europe

    Verbatim exchange between an East German journalist and West German Chancellor Adenauer

  • January 28, 1957

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Hungary, ‘Chinese Embassy to Hungary’s 1956 Annual Summary and the Submission of the 1957 Work Plan’ (Excerpt)

    The Chinese Embassy in Budapest describes some of the problems which occurred as the Embassy attempted to follow and react to the 1956 Hungarian Revolution.

  • February 28, 1957

    Policy Guidance for Radio Broadcasting to Hungary

    Robert Murphy and Allen Dulles agree that Radio Free Europe and the Voice of America should treat the March 15 anniversary of Hungarian Independence Day with caution.

  • March 18, 1957

    Views of Ambassador Wailes on Hungarian Situation

    Ambassador Edward T. Wailes and Hungarian Embassy DCM Leonard Meeker brief International Organizations Division (IOD) officers on Hungarian developments and their appraisal of Radio Free Europe's role in late 1956

  • April 12, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 12 April 1957

    During his visits with Eastern European ambassadors to the DPRK, Puzanov hears reports about the Hungarian "counterrevolutionary uprising" and the DPRK's economic needs.

  • May 22, 1957

    Report of Hungarian Ambassador Sándor Nógrádi to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry About His Conversation With Mao Zedong on the Occasion of Presenting His Credentials

    Mao Zedong and Nógrádi discuss and compare the communist parties in China and Hungary.

  • June 05, 1957

    Radio Free Europe Coverage of Imre Nagy Reviewed

    An International Organizations Division (IOD) officer in the CIA critically reviews treatment of Imre Nagy in RFE Hungarian broadcasts in October-November 1956

  • June 24, 1957

    Minutes of the Meeting of the CPSU CC Plenum on the State of Soviet Foreign Policy

    The Soviet leadership discusses the state of Soviet foreign policy after the Hungarian crisis and Khrushchev’s visit to the US. Molotov criticizes Khrushchev for recklessness in foreign policy direction. Soviet inroads in the Middle East and the Third World are analyzed. The effects of the crises in Eastern Europe are placed in the context of the struggle against US imperialism.