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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • May 23, 1953

    Letter by United Nations Commander Mark W. Clark to the Joint Chiefs of Staff on Solving the Prisoner of War Issue

    General Clark relays to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff the terms of the United Nations proposal to repatriate prisoners of war captured during the conflict in Korea. The agreement grants prisoners the right to refuse to be repatriated.

  • May 28, 1953

    Record of Molotov's Conversation with US Ambassador Bohlen

    Molotov and Bohlen discussed the US government's recent proposal to the Delegation of the United Nations.

  • June 03, 1953

    Record of Molotov's Conversation with US Ambassador Bohlen

    A follow-up conversation after the one on the 28th of May. The two discuss the talks that were taking place in Panmunjom, and Bohlen mentions the American men with Soviet wives currently residing in the Soviet Union. Molotov is unaware of this situation.

  • June 06, 1953

    Statement by President Syngman Rhee

    President Syngman Rhee strongly opposed the peace talks between the United Nations, the North Korea People’s Army, and the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army. Rhee proposed that he would accept this armistice only if the United States signed a Mutual Defense Pact and to continue to build the ROK forces after the war.

  • June 15, 1953

    Letter, John W. Staggers to Syngman Rhee

    John W. Staggers writes to Syngman Rhee about truce negotiations for the Korean War and issues he raised regarding Korean prisoners.

  • June 25, 1953

    Report No. 3 of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Poland in the Democratic Republic of Korea for the period of 1 May 1953 to 25 June 1953

    The Polish Embassy addresses the ROK and Syngman Rhee's position on the truce talks as well as the arrival of the Polish medical team in North Korea.

  • July 03, 1953

    Telegram of the Soviet Chargé to the PRC to the Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers

    After acknowledging Syngman Rhee's solitary role in blocking the passage of the armistice agreement, Peng Dehuai and Kim Il Sung draft a response to General Clark.

  • July 04, 1953

    CPSU Central Committee Decision

    About the draft response to Clark's letter from the 29th of June.The decision instructs Malenkov and Molotov to answer the Chinese comrades, and inform them of the Soviet Union's agreement their assessment and the measures proposed on the issue of peace talks in Korea, in connection with the Clark's letter.

  • July 04, 1953

    Telegram from USSR Foreign Minister V.M. Molotov to Soviet Ambassador in Beijing

    Molotov writes to the Soviet Ambassador in Beijing discussing the Korean War armistice.

  • July 07, 1953

    National Security Council Report, NSC 157/1, 'US Objective with Respect to Korea Following an Armistice'

    NSC 157/1 analyzes the situation following the armistice in Korea and the problem of Korea's division in half. The report analyzes the North Korea/Communist, US, and South Korean positions regarding reunification. Although a unified Korea allied militarily with the US is not seen as a possibility, the report concludes that it might still be possible to achieve "a unified, neutralized Korea under a substantially unchanged ROK [South Korea]."

  • July 16, 1953

    Report of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Poland in Korea

    The Polish Embassy provides details the political and economic situation in the DPRK and China's economic assistance to North Korea.

  • July 20, 1953

    CPSU Central Committee Decision

    Decision to charge Molotov with answering our Korean friends on the issue, taking into account the exchange of views at the meeting of the Presidium of the Central Committee.

  • July 23, 1953

    Response from Molotov to the Sino-Korean Representatives

    Molotov's response to questions on the representation of the Sino-Korean side in the armistice talks, and possible issues.

  • July 24, 1953

    Draft Telegram Concerning the Participation of Cde. Kim Il Sung in the Signing of the Armistice Agreement

    The CPSU CC recommends that Kim Il Sung should not take part in the signing of the armistice agreement in Panmunjom, Korea.

  • July 27, 1953

    Letteer, G. Malenkov to Kim Il Sung

    Malenkov writes Kim Il Sung about Soviet satisfaction concerning the signing of the armistice.

  • July 27, 1953

    President Eisenhower to the President of the Republic of Korea (Rhee)

    Eisenhower informs Rhee that US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles will be visiting Korea shortly.

  • July 27, 1953

    The President of the Republic of Korea (Rhee) to President Eisenhower

    Rhee thanks Eisenhower for US appropriations for South Korea and congratulates him on the Korean War armistice.

  • July 27, 1953

    Notes on Visit of General Clark with President Rhee (8:30-8:55, 27 July 1953)

    General Clark tries to convince President Rhee to attend the armistice signing, emphasizing that Kim Il Sung will not be present. Ambassador Briggs then reports that President Eisenhower has approved $200 million in aid for Korean rehabilitation.

  • July 29, 1953

    Telegram, Kim Il Sung to the Chairman of the Soviet Council of Ministers on the Occasion of the Signing of the Korean Armistice Agreement

    Kim Il Sung thanks the Soviet government and people for their support and aid throughout the Korean War.

  • July 29, 1953

    Telegram from Kuznetsov to Soviet Foreign Ministry regarding a Meeting with Mao Zedong

    Telegram from Kuznetsov to MID regarding his meeting with Mao on 28 July 1953, during which Mao talked about the steps which had led to and now, had to be taken following the signing of the armistice.