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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 21, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and Canadian Prime Minister B. Mulroney in Paris

    Gorbachev and Mulroney discuss the potential response through the UN to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 27, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Saudi Arabia, S. Al Faisal

    Gorbachev and Al Faisal discuss ongoing crisis caused by the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • 1991

    Organizing Group for the Establishment of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine in 1991

    List of officers who assisted with the organization of independent Ukraine's new ministry of defense.

  • 1991

    Memoirs, Chinese Finance Minister Bo Yibo, Excerpt on Preventing 'Peaceful Evolution'

    Former Finance Minister Bo recalls Mao's reaction to US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' policy toward China in 1958-1959, especially his statements about encouraging a "peaceful evolution" in the Communist system.

  • 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and His Military Commanders after the First Gulf War

    Saddam and his military commanders discuss troop training, military planning, and Iraq's missile reserves following the Gulf War.

  • 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and Top Political Advisors about a United Nations Air Survey Request

    Rolf Ekeus, head of the UN inspection committee on nuclear weapons, requested the United Statesprovide him with an aircraft so he could do an aerial survey of Iraqi lands.

  • January 08, 1991

    Report on Meeting of the Commission of the CC CPSU on Military Policy on 12 December 1990

    Discuss on the reform of the Soviet military and reduction of the armed forces.

  • January 09, 1991

    Conversation between Aleksandr Yakovlev and Kumagai Hiroshi

    In this conversation Ozawa Ichiro's envoy Kumagai Hiroshi outlines a potential islands-for-cash deal, whereby the Soviet Union surrenders the "northern territories" to Japan in return for Japanese credits and investments up to the amount of 26 billion USD.

  • January 11, 1991

    CPSU CC Reports, 11 January 1991

    Reports "On the development of the new position of the War Councils in the arming of the USSR, internally, externally, and with railroad troops" and "On the delimitation of function of governmental and party organs in the work of the War Councils."

  • January 15, 1991

    CPSU CC Report on Assistance to the People's Party of Iran, 15 January 1991

    Report from K.N. Brutentz about providing assistance to the People's Party of Iran. [Attached to CPSU Report, 17 August 1987].

  • January 15, 1991

    Saddam Hussein and the Revolutionary Command Council Discussing the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait and the Expected US Attack

    Conversation between Saddam Hussein and the Revolutionary Command Council discussing Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait, various strategic planning and weaponry, potential responses by neighboring countries, and the expected US attack.

  • January 18, 1991

    Iraq Revolutionary Command Council Meeting about Coalition Operations Against Iraq

    Iraqi officials discuss the intervention of United States and coalition forces following the invasion of Kuwait.

  • January 22, 1991

    Commission on Questions of the Chernobyl Catastrophe, Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian SSR, 'On Some Problems in the Elimination of the Consequences of the Accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Energy Station'

    This report explains ecological and security problems which arose several years later as a result of the Chernobyl accident, as well as areas for improvement in control of the reactor site and medical testing of the local population. Importantly, it also acknowledges that the potential impact zone includes approximately 4.5 million residents of Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia, which was, at that time, not widely known.

  • January 25, 1991

    Report of Secretary of the CC CPSU - Republic and Regional Committee Party - 25 January 1991

    Includes CC CPSU Report of 11 January 1991.

  • February 22, 1991

    Resolution of the Secretariat of the CC CPSU, 'On New Points in the Approach of the Romanian Leadership towards the Moldavian Problem'

    Romanian officials are once again raising the issue of the unification of Moldova and Romania.

  • May 21, 1991

    CPSU CC Report, 21 May 1991

    This report deals with the political crisis in Ethiopia and Eritrea. It also concerns Soviet plans to settle the conflict.

  • May 31, 1991

    CPSU CC Reports: 31 May 1991 and 14 May 1991

    These documents deal with the military strength of the USSR and arms.

  • July, 1991

    Memorandum, 'An Analysis of the “Islamic factor” in the Afghan Situation' by A. Belousov, Deputy Chairman of the Tajik SSR KGB

    Analysis of US support to opposition mujaheddin forces in Afghanistan and related attempts to use Islamic ideology to destabilize the Soviet Central Asian republics.

  • August 05, 1991

    Report by Deputy Head of the General Division of the CC CPSU G. Orlov on the Party Archives

    Orlov reports on issues with the organization, ownership and access to the communist party archives. He makes recommendations for reorganizing and centralizing the archives and prioritizing access to party members.

  • September, 1991

    Report by S. Goncharov for the Russian Leadership on the Question of the Current Situation in Relations between Russia and China (Excerpt)

    S. Goncharov describes the lessons the Soviet Union drew from China's suppression of the student protests in Beijing in spring 1989.