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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Intelligence Summary No. 1 as of 0800 2 June 1988

    This intelligence summary describes a potential scenario in which the policy of detente in "Blue" countries begins to deteriorate and increased military exercises are conducted.

  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Intelligence Summary No. 2 for the period 0800 2 June to 1900 6 June 1988

    This document provides background information on a hypothetical political/military scenario leading up to the command staff exercise SHICHT-88 [TARCZA-88 in Polish]. In the scenario 'Blue' military leaders have begun to oppose the policy of detente pursued by their governments and consequently have raised their level of combat readiness by increasing the frequency of military exercises and pressured 'Blue' governments into ending the destruction of intermediate-range nuclear forces as required by the 1987 Treaty on Intermediate Nuclear Forces in Europe. In response the 'Reds' have also raised their combat readiness. The increased international tension has affected the situation within Poland, contributing to increased anti-government sentiment.

  • June 06, 1988

    East German Ministry of State Security, 'The Current Situation in PDRE [People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia] and the Region'

    Stasi report on the current state of Ethiopian-Eritrean conflict as of early June 1988. It concludes that in the event of Mengistu turning toward Moscow for additional arms supplies, the latter is likely to reject them in favor of a political solution to the conflict.

  • June 07, 1988

    Alejandro [Fidel Castro] to Rubén [Arnaldo Ochoa]

    General Arnaldo Ochoa, code-named Rubén, was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; Alejandro was Castro’s code name.

  • June 07, 1988

    Alejandro [Fidel Castro] to Rubén [Arnaldo Ochoa] and Polo Cintra Frías

    General Arnaldo Ochoa, code-named Rubén, was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; General Polo Cintra Frías was the commander of the Cuban troops in southern Angola; Alejandro was Castro’s code name.

  • June 07, 1988

    Cuban Nota Verbale to Alexei Zaitsev, 'Nota verbal al asesor principal del MINFAR'

    General Alexei Zaitsev was the head of the Soviet Military Advisory Group in Cuba

  • June 13, 1988

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with President of Afghanistan, General Secretary of the CC PDPA Najibullah

    Gorbachev and Najibullah discuss perestroika and the reforms taking place in the Soviet Union, and the ongoing withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan.

  • June 15, 1988

    Report from A.A. Jaquet to SRA, 'Current State of Negotiations between South Africa and Angola'

    Description of the state of Angolan-South African affairs. Discusses recent and upcoming negotiations between Angolan and South African delegations, noting specifically the difficulties of getting the Angolans to accept proposals and to decide on a venue in which to have the talks.

  • June 17, 1988

    Fidel Castro Meeting with Top Aides, 'Reunión con el Comandante en Jefe el 17/6/88'

    Fidel Castro’s meeting with top aides.

  • June 18, 1988

    Fidel Castro Meeting with Top Aides, 'Reunión con el Comandante en Jefe el 18/6/88'

    Fidel Castro’s meeting with top aides.

  • June 19, 1988

    Fidel Castro Meeting with Top Aides, 'Reunión con el Comandante en Jefe (19/6/88)'

    Fidel Castro’s meeting with top aides.

  • June 20, 1988

    Weekly State Security Review from the Ministry of the Interior to T. Zhivkov

    The Minister of the Internal Affairs, Dimitar Stoyanov, briefs Todor Zhivkov on the weekly domestic developments. Among the most pressing issues is the ongoing popular discontent in Ruse triggered by the unresolved problems with industrial pollution in the city. Another issue is the opposition of the Turkish minority to the revival process.

  • June 20, 1988

    Anatoly Chernyaev, Notes from a Meeting of the Politburo

    Anatoly Chernyaev’s notes from the Politburo session on June 20, 1988, during which military spending, party membership, the progress of perestroika, and CPSU organizational leadership were discussed.

  • June 24, 1988

    Meeting between the Delegations of Angola, Cuba and the United States, 'Conversaciones RPA-Cuba EEUU-RSA'

    Meeting between delegations of Angola, Cuba, South Africa and the United States about the future of Angola and Namibia.

  • June 26, 1988

    Memorandum of Conversation between Jorge Risquet and Chester Crocker

    Jorge Risquet was Castro’s point man for Angola; Chester Crocker was US assistant secretary of state for Africa.

  • June 26, 1988

    Fidel Castro to Rubén [Arnaldo Ochoa] and Polo Cintra Frías, #91

    General Arnaldo Ochoa was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; General Polo Cintra Frías was the commander of the Cuban troops in southern Angola.

  • June 26, 1988

    Fidel Castro to Arnaldo Ochoa and Polo Cintra Frías

    General Arnaldo Ochoa was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; General Polo Cintra Frías was the commander of the Cuban troops in southern Angola.

  • June 27, 1988

    Fidel Castro to Rubén [Arnaldo Ochoa] and Polo Cintra Frías, #25398

    General Arnaldo Ochoa was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; General Polo Cintra Frías was the commander of the Cuban troops in southern Angola.

  • June 27, 1988

    Fidel Castro to Rubén [Arnaldo Ochoa] and Polo Cintra Frías, #25397

    General Arnaldo Ochoa was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; General Polo Cintra Frías was the commander of the Cuban troops in southern Angola.

  • July, 1988

    Current Relations Between Bulgaria and the South-West African People's Organization (SWAPO)

    An overview of the development of relations between Bulgaria and SWAPO from the late 1970s through the late 1980s. Several visits to Bulgaria from SWAPO (and future Namibian) President Sam Nujoma are mentioned, as are visits from SWAPO's Richard Kapuela, Toivo Ya Toivo, Festus Naholo, and David Merero. Bulgarian Chariman of the State Council, Todor Zhivkov, conducted the meetings with Nujoma. Also mentioned are Bulgarian offers for SWAPO members to come to Bulgaria for education, vacation and medical treatment.