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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 25, 1988

    Untitled report from Mieczysław Dedo, Polish Ambassador to the DPRK, following his conversation with the Chinese ambassador in North Korea

    Comrade Dedo, Poland's ambassador in North Korea, reports that Sino-DPRK relations are cooling because of Beijing's increasing trade with South Korea.

  • March 28, 1988

    Memorandum of Conversation between Fidel Castro and Anatoly Adamishin

    Anatoly Adamishin was Soviet deputy foreign minister for Africa.

  • March 29, 1988

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with the General Secretary of the Italian Communist Party [PCI] Alessandro Natta

    Gorbachev explains to Natta about issues with the Soviet withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan, including disagreements with the United States on the plans for the coalition government.

  • April 05, 1988

    Record of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Fidel Castro

    Notes from telephone conversation between Gorbachev and Castro regarding advocating communist ideology through policy initiatives, and about Gorbachev's impending visit to Cuba.

  • April 07, 1988

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with President of Afghanistan, General Secretary of the CC PDPA Najibullah, Tashkent

    Najibullah and Gorbachev discuss the situation in Afghanistan, the politics of the new government, plans for the withdrawal of Soviet troops, and the Geneva Accords signed in 1988 to facilitate it.

  • April 14, 1988

    Lecture by Sergei Akhromeyev, 'The Current State of Soviet Military Doctrine'

    This is a transcript of a lecture delivered by Sergei Akhromeyev, the Chief of the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces, to the Polish General Staff about Soviet military doctrine in early 1988. The document defines what the Soviets meant by military doctrine, differentiating between the doctrine of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact by stressing the former’s wider range objectives, especially concerning the use of strategic nuclear weapons. In addition, it identifies contemporary issues facing Soviet doctrine and analyzes topics such as nuclear non-proliferation, reduction of nuclear stockpiles and refutes the idea that nuclear weapons should be used in a counter-offensive operation. It stresses the importance of defense, negating offensive military preparedness in lieu of purely defensive Warsaw Pact capabilities (albeit altogether sufficient to successfully deter a NATO attack from the West). It also discusses the results of the March 2-3 1988 NATO talks and concludes that the West is not willing to stop the arms race and is increasing its offensive capabilities. The Warsaw Pact’s response should include increased military research, better vigilance to capture signals of a possible attack and more tactical and technical training for the military command. It asserts that even though a war is less likely than in the past, quoting Gorbachev, “the nature of capitalism itself can be the cause of war.”

  • April 22, 1988

    Instructions to the Cuban Delegation for the London Meeting, 'Indicaciones concretas del Comandante en Jefe que guiarán la actuación de la delegación cubana a las conversaciones de Luanda y las negociaciones de Londres (22-4-88)'

    Fidel Castro’s instructions for the Cuban delegation to the 3-4 May 1988 London meeting of the delegations of Angola, Cuba, South Africa and the United States to discuss the future of Angola and Namibia.

  • April 23, 1988

    Instructions to the Cuban Delegation for the London Meeting, 'Indicaciones concretas del Comandante en Jefe que guiarán la actuación de la delegación cubana a las conversaciones de Luanda y las negociaciones de Londres (23-4-88)'

    Fidel Castro’s instructions for the Cuban delegation to the 3-4 May 1988 London meeting of the delegations of Angola, Cuba, South Africa and the United States to discuss the future of Angola and Namibia.

  • April 26, 1988

    Eh. Shevardnadze et al to the CPSU CC, 'Measures to Build the Site of the Burial of Polish officers in Katyn (Smolensk Oblast’) and the Expansion of the Access to it of the Citizens of the PNR and of Other Countries'

    Shevardnadze and other Soviet officials propose to create a memorial to Polish officers murdered during the Katyn massacre as well as "Soviet POWs who took part in the exhumation work," and to allow Polish citizens to visit the memorial in Smolensk Oblast’.

  • May, 1988

    Committee for State Security (KGB), 'About Results of Intelligence Activities to Note Indicators for a Surprise Nuclear Missile Attack'

    This report from the KGB contains results from intelligence activities conducted in May 1988 aimed at exposing indicators of a surprise nuclear missile attack on the USSR.

  • May 04, 1988

    Information Bulletin for Polish Party Leadership on Western Views of Poland

    This document is an example of analyses prepared for the top Party leadership on the content of Western broadcasts to Poland. It provides, without editorializing or pejorative clauses, an interpretation of the Western broadcasts.

  • May 04, 1988

    Excerpt from a Conversation with Member of the CC KWP Politburo and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the DPRK Kim Yong-nam, Moscow

    Kim expresses concern about the Soviet Union's increasing contacts with South Korea.

  • May 10, 1988

    Memorandum of Conversation between Anatoly Dobrynin and Jorge Risquet

    Anatoly Dobrynin was the head of the International Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union; Jorge Risquet was Castro’s point man for Angola.

  • May 10, 1988

    Minutes of the Meeting between Kim Il Sung, Secretary General of the Korean Workers Party, and Comrade Günter Schabowski in Pyongyang on 10 May 1988

    Kim Il Sung apologizes for the North Korean trade shortfall and informed Schabowski of major flooding in 1986 and 1987. There was also talk of the approaching 13th World Games of Youth and Students.

  • May 11, 1988

    Speech by Mr. Józef Czyrek at a founding meeting of the Polish Club of International Relations

    A speech by Mr. Józef Czyrek at a founding meeting of the Polish Club of International Relations discussing the objectives of the Club – social support, dialogue and public evaluation

  • May 16, 1988

    Report on a Trip to the DPRK by a Delegation from the GDR

    Report to the GDR Politburo on a trip to China, Mongolia and North Korea, by a member of the delegation, Günter Schabowski.

  • May 18, 1988

    Letter from Gen. D. Stoyanov to E. Mielke on Multilateral Foreign Intelligence Meeting in Berlin

  • May 18, 1988

    Fidel Castro to José Eduardo dos Santos

    José Eduardo dos Santos was the president of Angola.

  • May 25, 1988

    Georgi Shakhnazarov, 'Comments on the Report of [Commander-in-Chief of the Warsaw Treaty Organization Marshal] V.G. Kulikov at the Conference of the PCC [Political Consultation Committee] of the Warsaw Treaty'

    Reaction to V.G. Kulikov's report at the Conference of the Political Consultation Committee of the Warsaw Treaty regarding arms sales and military armaments in socialist countries, compared to NATO military policies.

  • May 25, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Operational Summary No. 1 for the period 0800 25 May to 0800 2 June 1988

    This document describes Warsaw Pact military exercises conducted between 25 May and 2 June 1988. Summarized in detail, the comprehensive exercise brought all facets of the combined forces to "wartime strength" in response to a theoretical threat posed by NATO.