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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 26, 1988

    Transcript of an Armed Forces General Command meeting on the Iran-Iraq War and Al-Faw

    This file contains records of meetings involving Saddam Hussein and various advisers during the Iran-Iraq War. They discuss military and diplomatic aspects of the war, the morale of the soldiers, and Iranian attempts to seize the Fao peninsula. They also discuss the Kurds and Iraqi battle preparations.

  • May 29, 1988

    Memorandum of Conversation, the President's First One-on-One Meeting with General Secretary Gorbachev

    Reagan and Gorbachev's first conversation during Reagan's 1988 visit to Moscow.

  • May 30, 1988

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Negotiations continue at the Soviet-Korean Intergovernmental Economic, Technical, and Scientific Commission on the construction of a nuclear power plant in North Korea. No agreement is reached on selecting a construction site.

  • May 31, 1988

    Stasi Advance Notification and Instructions to Border Organs

    An individual example of a Stasi advance notification and instructions for a Korean transiting East Germany to meet with DPRK officials.

  • June, 1988

    East German Ministry for State Security, 'On the Position of the Army in the Political System of Ethiopia

    Excerpt of a Stasi report on the Ethiopian army. This portion of the report deals with the Army’s dissatisfaction with the quality of the Soviet Union’s armaments; the East German material ponders how much of this is part of anti-Soviet sentiment, and how much is due to their professional incapacity.

  • June, 1988

    Committee for State Security (KGB), 'About Results of Intelligence Activities to Note Indicators for a Surprise Nuclear Missile Attack'

    This report from the KGB contains results from intelligence activities conducted in June 1988 aimed at exposing indicators of a surprise nuclear missile attack on the USSR.

  • June, 1988

    Saddam and Senior Advisers Discussing Iraq's Stance toward International Law, Relations with Turkey, Kurdish Autonomy, and Other Issues

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and unidentified Iraqi diplomats. The meeting was held to revise a statement written by Saddam to be read by the Minster of Foreign Affairs regarding how the Iraqis stand respecting international law and legislation (i.e. the Geneva protocol of 1925). The second issue they discussed was the Kurdish insurgency. Saddam wanted to discuss the issue internationally with the participation of four countries. The attendees exchanged their points of view regarding the influence of such decisions (independence of the Kurds) in Turkey and Iran.

  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Operational Summary No. 2 for the period 0800 2 June to 1900 6 June 1988

    This document describes a Warsaw Pact military exercise known as Shield-88. The exercise addresses a theoretical scenario in which NATO forces suddenly prepare to launch an attack on Warsaw Pact territory.

  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Information Summary No. 1 as of 0800 2 June 1988

    This document provides a scenario in which the "Blue" governments have engaged in a campaign of increasingly hostile propaganda intended to discredit the "Red" bloc socioeconomic system. Consequently, domestic morale is low. The population has grown pessimistic and, in light of the international situation, feels emboldened to challenge the Red authorities and leaders.

  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Intelligence Summary No. 1 as of 0800 2 June 1988

    This intelligence summary describes a potential scenario in which the policy of detente in "Blue" countries begins to deteriorate and increased military exercises are conducted.

  • June 02, 1988

    Military Exercise Shchit-88 Intelligence Summary No. 2 for the period 0800 2 June to 1900 6 June 1988

    This document provides background information on a hypothetical political/military scenario leading up to the command staff exercise SHICHT-88 [TARCZA-88 in Polish]. In the scenario 'Blue' military leaders have begun to oppose the policy of detente pursued by their governments and consequently have raised their level of combat readiness by increasing the frequency of military exercises and pressured 'Blue' governments into ending the destruction of intermediate-range nuclear forces as required by the 1987 Treaty on Intermediate Nuclear Forces in Europe. In response the 'Reds' have also raised their combat readiness. The increased international tension has affected the situation within Poland, contributing to increased anti-government sentiment.

  • June 06, 1988

    East German Ministry of State Security, 'The Current Situation in PDRE [People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia] and the Region'

    Stasi report on the current state of Ethiopian-Eritrean conflict as of early June 1988. It concludes that in the event of Mengistu turning toward Moscow for additional arms supplies, the latter is likely to reject them in favor of a political solution to the conflict.

  • June 07, 1988

    Alejandro [Fidel Castro] to Rubén [Arnaldo Ochoa]

    General Arnaldo Ochoa, code-named Rubén, was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; Alejandro was Castro’s code name.

  • June 07, 1988

    Alejandro [Fidel Castro] to Rubén [Arnaldo Ochoa] and Polo Cintra Frías

    General Arnaldo Ochoa, code-named Rubén, was the head of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola; General Polo Cintra Frías was the commander of the Cuban troops in southern Angola; Alejandro was Castro’s code name.

  • June 07, 1988

    Cuban Nota Verbale to Alexei Zaitsev, 'Nota verbal al asesor principal del MINFAR'

    General Alexei Zaitsev was the head of the Soviet Military Advisory Group in Cuba

  • June 13, 1988

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with President of Afghanistan, General Secretary of the CC PDPA Najibullah

    Gorbachev and Najibullah discuss perestroika and the reforms taking place in the Soviet Union, and the ongoing withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan.

  • June 15, 1988

    Report from A.A. Jaquet to SRA, 'Current State of Negotiations between South Africa and Angola'

    Description of the state of Angolan-South African affairs. Discusses recent and upcoming negotiations between Angolan and South African delegations, noting specifically the difficulties of getting the Angolans to accept proposals and to decide on a venue in which to have the talks.

  • June 17, 1988

    Fidel Castro Meeting with Top Aides, 'Reunión con el Comandante en Jefe el 17/6/88'

    Fidel Castro’s meeting with top aides.

  • June 18, 1988

    Fidel Castro Meeting with Top Aides, 'Reunión con el Comandante en Jefe el 18/6/88'

    Fidel Castro’s meeting with top aides.

  • June 19, 1988

    Fidel Castro Meeting with Top Aides, 'Reunión con el Comandante en Jefe (19/6/88)'

    Fidel Castro’s meeting with top aides.