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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • October, 1985

    Memorandum to President Sarney, 'Brazil-Argentina. Cooperation on Nuclear Affairs.'

    An Argentine delegation proposed a joint statement on regional nuclear policy and a mutual inspection system between Brazil and Argentina.

  • October 08, 1985

    Ichiro Ogimura and Young C. Kim's Efforts to Facilitate the 1988 Olympic Games

    Letters from Ichiro Ogimura to IOC President Juan Antonio Samaranch and DPRK NOC President Kum Yu Sun on Ogimura and Young C. Kim's efforts to facilitate the 1988 Olympic Games.

  • October 08, 1985

    Meeting between the National Olympic Committees of the ROK and of the DPRK held under the Aegis of the International Olympic Committee

    Minutes of meetings between the National Olympic Committees of North and South Korea, with IOC President Samaranch present. The groups discussed the co-hosting of the 1988 Summer Olympic Games.

  • October 10, 1985

    Memorandum from the Argentine General Directorate for Nuclear Affairs and Disarmament, 'Overflight by Brazilian Military Plane at Pilcaniyeu Uranium Enrichment Plant'

    In this memorandum, General Director for Nuclear and Disarmament Affairs Adolfo Saracho reports on a Brazilian airplane's flight over the uranium enrichment plant at Pilcaniyeu.

  • October 15, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Geneva negotiations - New Soviet proposals. An assessment'

    A detailed evaluation of Soviet negotiation position vis-à-vis USA and Europe suggests that Moscow's willingness to agree on reductions and limitations does not meet Western needs. Gorbachev's doctrine seems to be in line with his predecessors, although increasing attention has been directed at Europe.

  • October 15, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Statement by Ambassador Nitze to the Atlantic Council about recent developments of the Geneva negotiation'

    Nitze's brief commentary on the developments in the recent negotiations with the USSR regarding arms reductions.

  • October 15, 1985

    Brussels: Notes for talks with Secretary Shultz

    Strongly worded notes regarding the Italian actions during the Crisis of Sigonella. The brief document reiterates Italy's version of the facts related to the hijacking of Achille Lauro and the events that followed, denying any wrongdoing, and blaming the US for unlawful actions.

  • October 16, 1985

    Fidel Castro to José Eduardo dos Santos

    José Eduardo dos Santos was the president of Angola.

  • October 18, 1985

    Cuban Military Mission in Angola, Report on Combat Operations, 'Informe del desarrollo de las acciones combativas en la dirección ‘Cuito Cuanavale - Mavinga,’ dentro del marco de la Operación II Congreso del MPLA-PT'

    Report of the Cuban Military Mission in Angola on the FAPLA offensive in southeast Angola against the UNITA rebel forces led by Jonas Savimbi.

  • October 21, 1985

    Memorandum by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Eureka - Meeting of High Officials in Bonn (16th-17th October 1985)'

    This summary from the final preparatory meeting describes the differences in opinion between France and Germany on the one hand and Italy on the other in reference to EUREKA. It also lists the key points for the upcoming ministerial conference in Hannover.

  • October 23, 1985

    Ciphered Telegram No. 306, Embassy of Hungary in India to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Short report on arguments being made in India to gain support from the Soviet Union for the Indian nuclear program. India would like to gain international prestige similar to China.

  • October 24, 1985

    Telegram, Argentine Embassy in Brasilia, Brazil and China Deny Charges of Nuclear Proliferation

    Telegram from the Argentine Embassy in Brasilia reports on US Senator Alan Cranston’s claim that China was proliferating nuclear technology to countries like Argentina, Brazil, Iran, Pakistan, and South Africa. The telegram reports that both Brazil’s Foreign Ministry and China’s Embassy in Brasilia denied the charges. Part of the telegram is hand-highlighted , where a Brazilian diplomat says that the only deal between China and Brazil was the one signed by President Figueiredo during his visit to Beijing in 1984.

  • October 24, 1985

    Letter of the Minister for the Coordination of Scientific and Technological Research Luigi Granelli to Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    Minister Granelli writes to Andreotti to express his concerns over the French and German hastiness in coming to an agreement over EUREKA. Granelli lists minimum conditions that need to be met to ensure launching the project without running the risk of negative political and economic consequences.

  • October 24, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Legal status of the Sigonella base'

    This short memo discusses the legal framework around the use of Sigonella airbase during the Achille Lauro incident concluding that the landing had not been granted the required authorization by Italians.

  • October 25, 1985

    Cooperative plan between the Interior Ministry of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Soviet KGB for the summer of 1986-1990

    This agreement acknowledges the alleged use of post as a method used by subversives to act against the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Soviet Union. Both parties agree to exchange information after evaluating the effectiveness of their work in this area and plan to prolong the existing cooperative agreement.

  • October 25, 1985

    Memorandum of Conversation between Fidel Castro and José Eduardo dos Santos

    José Eduardo dos Santos was the president of Angola.

  • October 28, 1985

    Memorandum of Conversation between Fidel Castro and Eduard Shevardnadze

    Eduard Shevardnadze was the Soviet foreign minister.

  • October 29, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Eureka - "Declaration of principles" about Eureka. Comments'

    The Italian assessment of the draft "Declaration of Principles" on EUREKA, which will be submitted to the Ministerial Conference in Hanover. This document outlines the Italian position pointing out various weaknesses in the current draft and proposes necessary changes.

  • October 29, 1985

    Memorandum from Foreign Minister Olavo Setúbal to President Sarney, 'Brazil-Argentina. Cooperation on Nuclear Energy'

    The document presents the proposal to create an Argentina-Brazil working group to discuss nuclear energy.

  • October 31, 1985

    Letter from UK Prime Minister Thatcher to South African President P.W. Botha

    Letter from Margaret Thatcher to South African State President P. W. Botha describing how Thatcher had to defend South Africa at the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting from economic sanctions. She emphasizes the need for South Africa to show improvement and let foreign officials into the country within the next six months to avoid economic sanctions eventually being imposed.