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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 04, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation from a Defense Committee chaired by General Jaruzelski addressing the rising threat of Solidarnosc and other threats to national security.

  • September 09, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'New Draft Decree on Martial Law; Current Situation in Poland'

    Memorandum explains of a newly drafted decree of martial law, and increasing tensions between military leadership and Solidarnosc.

  • September 10, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 10 September 1981 (excerpt)

    The Soviet Politburo discusses dissent within Poland and the loss of power of the communist party in Poland.

  • September 11, 1981

    PGU Information on the Anti-Socialist Campaign in the West After the Assassination Attempt Against John Paul II

  • September 11, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Current Plans for the Introduction of Martial Law in Poland'

    Explains that if Solidarnosc leads a general strike or provokes a confrontation, it will be met with the implementation of martial law.

  • September 11, 1981

    Joint letter by the Chairman and the Member of the North-South-Commission, Brandt and Ramphal, to the participants of the Cancún Summit

    Brandt and Ramphal send a message to the Cancun Summit, being its first kind in terms of debating North-South issues concerning Global Security. The letter asks for hope and a new start in the international arena and suggests to work on critical issues such as poverty and hunger.

  • September 13, 1981

    Protocol No. 002/81 of the Meeting of the Committee for the Defense of the Homeland

    Meeting of the Committee for the Defense of the Homeland on the implementation of martial law in Poland. Committee members discuss where to increase militarization to be prepared for martial law, and how best to protect martial law through propaganda.

  • September 15, 1981

    Report on the Imposition of Martial Law

    "Jack Strong" [Ryszard Kuklinski] reports that at a recent KOK session, no final decision was made about the imposition of martial law, though almost all participants were in support. A unified plan of command for the surprise introduction of martial law is discussed, as a secondary plan to be implemented after political means were unable to repress the counterrevolution.

  • September 15, 1981

    Transcript of Brezhnev's Phone Conversation with Kania, 15 September 1981

    Brezhnev worries the Polish Solidarity movement will undermine communist authority in Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe.

  • September 17, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 17 September 1981 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev informs the Politburo about his conversation with Cde. Kania of Poland on 11 September, 1981. He suggests applying strong pressure to Kania to put down the uprising.

  • September 17, 1981

    Letter from the HSWP CC [signed by Janos Kadar] to the PUWP CC, attention Stanislaw Kania

  • September 18, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Agenda for the Meeting of the National Defense Committee on 14 September; Current Positions of the Political and Military Leadership...'

    Translated agenda of the National Defense Committee meeting from September 14th, as well as outline the positions of military and government officials on the implementation of martial law.

  • September 21, 1981

    John N. McMahon, Deputy Director for National Foreign Assessment, to Ambassador Richard T. Kennedy, Under Secretary of State for Management, 'Special National Intelligence Estimate on Indian Reactions to Nuclear Developments in Pakistan,' 31-32/81

    Special National Security Estimate 31-32/81 outlines possible Indian preventative action that could be taken against Pakistan’s nuclear program, and possible responses should Pakistan develop a weapon.

  • September 25, 1981

    Diary of the events surrounding the September 1981 defection of the 913th Afghan Border Battalion

    This document consists of diary entries covering the events within the Afghan and Soviet militaries which ultimately led to the defection of the 913th Afghan Border Battalion.

  • September 25, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation about a meeting of the National Defense Committee where they discuss several ways to implement martial law, and consider asking for assistance from the USSR or other Warsaw Pact states.

  • September 28, 1981

    Memo on discussions by the Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, with the French President, Mitterrand, on 25 September 1981

    Description of discussions between Brandt and Mitterrand on European security and strategic balance between the East and West. Topics covered include France's nuclear forces and INF negotiations.

  • September 30, 1981

    Letter from South African Defence Minister Magnus Malan to Former Israeli Chief of General Staff Yonah Efrat

    South African Defence Minister Magnus Malan responds to Yonah Efrat's letter, reiterating that he hopes their relationship will remain strong in the future.

  • September 30, 1981

    Memorandum of Conversation, Brazilian Foreign Minister Guerreiro and US Secretary of State Haig

    Brazilian Foreign Minister Guerreiro and American Secretary of State Alexander Haig meet in Washington D.C. Haig illustrates a shift in American nuclear policy from that of the Carter administration to a more lenient approach.

  • September 30, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of both the decree and rationale for martial law. It elaborates on the various duties of citizens as well as new restrictions on freedom.

  • September 30, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of National Security, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of an administrative decree for martial law, including the various organizations involved in the transition.