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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 15, 1981

    Memorandum of Conversation Between R. F. Botha and Chester Crocker of the US Department of State

    Leaked memorandum of conversation between "Pik" Botha and Chester Crocker. Botha questions how much South Africa can trust the United States to support the former in Namibia negotiations. He also raises concerns about the effects that a SWAPO victory in Namibia could have. Crocker reassures him on both subjects, based on the strength and resistance to pressure of the Reagan administration.

  • April 16, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 16 April 1981 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev tells of his conversation with Kania. He gives his opinion on how the Soviets should proceed with regard to Poland after a meeting of the Sejm. The Politburo agrees with Brezhnev's decision to inform the leaders of the Warsaw Pact of the developments in Poland.

  • April 21, 1981

    Ministry of the Interior, Department of State Security, Military Unit 0195, No. 329/0058759

    Report about Palestinian organizations in Iraq including the Palestinian Liberation Front (PLF) and Al Fatah.

  • April 21, 1981

    Memorandum from John McMahon to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translated correspondence between the USSR and Poland concerning the stationing of 66,000 Soviets troops in Poland as well as various exercises for attacks and natural disasters.

  • April 23, 1981

    CPSU CC Politburo Commission Report, 'On the Development of the Situation in Poland and Certain Steps on Our Part,' and CPSU CC-Approved Plan of'Measures to Assist the PZPR [Polish United Workers' Party]'

    Special Dossier to the CPSU CC discussing the weakening of the PZPR and the rise of Solidarity as an organized political force. Describes the leadership of Kania and Jaruzelski in the party and prescribes a method of politically weakening Solidarity by exposing and exploiting its fragments, including the extremist KOS-KOS, and stepping up propaganda that stresses the impending invasion of Soviet troops to suppress the uprising.

  • April 25, 1981

    Minutes of Meeting between Czechoslovak and Hungarian Interior Ministry Officials on the Carlos Terrorist Group and Radio Free Europe Bomb Attack

    A bomb exploded outside the RFE building in Munich on February 21, 1981, severely injuring several employees and causing major physical damage. This document, and others like it, indicates that the Ceausescu regime commissioned the “Carlos group” to carry out the attack. The Carlos group was then resident in Budapest, and this document indicates that the Hungarian Interior Ministry had advance knowledge of the bombing.

  • April 26, 1981

    Report on the "Hopeless" Situation in Poland

    Letter from Kuklinski to his CIA contact indicating that the situation in Poland is militarily hopeless.

  • April 29, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and the Director of the National Security Agency, 'Soviet-Polish Positions on the Declaration of Martial Law in Poland...'

    Translation outlines discussions between Soviet and Polish officials as to the preparedness of Poland to instate martial law. In addition, it recounts the meeting of the 23rd Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact in Sofia, Bulgaria and Soviet Air Operations in Poland.

  • April 30, 1981

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    A North Korean delegations visits technical universities and colleges in Czechoslovakia and the GDR. North Korea urgently seeks to send post-graduate students and trainees to study in fields related to nuclear physics, laser technology, etc.

  • April 30, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 30 April 1981 (excerpt)

    Soviet leaders discuss the results of negotiations between a CPSU delegation and the PZPR leadership, and express concern with the decisions of the Polish leadership.

  • May, 1981

    Announcement, F. W. de Klerk, South African Minister of Mineral and Energy Affairs, 'Safari-1 to be Operated by Locally Manufactured Fuel'

    Statement by Minister of Mineral and Energy Affairs F.W. De Klerk announcing plans to supply the SAFARI-1 reactor with locally-sourced uranium, yet will continue to adhere to IAEA safeguards for both the reactor and the fuel.

  • May 04, 1981

    Information about the Activity of Leftist Organizations in Iran

    Report on leftist groups under attack by the central clerical leadership of Iran and particularly the Tudeh Party.

  • May 08, 1981

    Telegram from South African Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Announcement by F.W. de Klerk, Minister of Mineral and Energy Affairs, that SAFARI I Reactor

    South African Ministry of Foreign Affairs informs its missions in Washington, Paris, London, Bonn about an announcement by F.W. De Klerk, Minister of Mineral and Energy Affairs, that under terms agree with the United States and the IAEA, SAFARI I will be operated on locally manufactured fuel.

  • May 10, 1981

    Report of Military Leaders to D. F. Ustinov

    This document reveals reluctance on the part of the Soviets to maintain military involvement in Afghanistan, and difficulty in shaping a newly forming Afghan government. The PDPA's efforts to establish a democratic government, Soviets analysts revealed, were hampered by tribalism and strong ethnic disagreements regarding the scope and shape of their government.

  • May 14, 1981

    Memorandum of Conversation between Senén Casas and Nikolai Ogarkov

    General Senén Casas was Cuba’s first deputy minister of defense; Marshal Nikolai Ogarkov was the chief of the Soviet General Staff.

  • May 14, 1981

    Memorandum of Conversation between Senén Casas and Dmitri Ustinov

    General Senén Casas was Cuba’s first deputy minister of defense; Marshal Dmitri Ustinov was the Soviet minister of defense.

  • May 15, 1981

    Notes on Meeting between South African Minister of Foreign Affairs R. F. Botha and US President Reagan

    South African Minister of Foreign Affairs "Pik" Botha and President Reagan meet in Washington, DC. South African Ambassador Sole, the note taker, interprets Reagan's friendly opening comments as "the inference clearly being that he had no illusions about democratic rule in Africa." They discuss the situation in Namibia and Angola, and their shared opposition to Soviet and communist influence in the region. Botha also asks Reagan to help South Africa's souring relations with France regarding nuclear cooperation. Botha states that "South Africa was not preparing or intending to explode a nuclear device, but[...] could not afford publicly to surrender this option."

  • May 15, 1981

    Notes on a Meeting held in the Secretary-General's Office on Friday, 15 May 1981, at 12.10 pm

    Ambassador Ling Qing and Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim discuss the situation in Cambodia as well as Waldheim's upcoming visit to China.

  • May 16, 1981

    Memorandum Regarding the Meeting Between Comrade Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, Erich Honecker, and Gustav Husak in the Kremlin

    Memorandum Regarding the Meeting Between Comrade Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, Erich Honecker, and Gustav Husak in the Kremlin describing the Polish situation and criticizing Polish leadership

  • May 17, 1981

    Memorandum of Conversation between Senén Casas and Nikolai Ogarkov

    General Senén Casas was Cuba’s first deputy minister of defense; Marshal Nikolai Ogarkov was the chief of the Soviet General Staff.