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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 09, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the UN General Assembly, New York, 2:30 p.m., Friday

    In the XVII session of the General Assembly of the UN, the Delegates from Canada, Sweden, and Ghana referred exhaustively to the Brazilian draft about denuclearization of Latin America and expressed support to the ideas it contains.

  • November 09, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 7:45 p.m., Friday

    Pinto describes his conversation with the Cuban Minister of External Relations, Raúl Roa, which he says confirmed his impressions that the Cuban government, conscious of the gravity of the situation, is disposed to make concessions to reach a minimal guarantee.

  • November 09, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 11:30 a.m., Friday

    Pinto meets with Anastas Mikoyan and Fidel Castro to discuss Brazilian-Soviet-Cuban relations.

  • November 09, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the United Nations General Assembly, New York, New York, 7:30 p.m., Friday

    Mello-Franco discusses a conversation he had with Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Vasily Kuznetsov. According to Kuznetsov, the American insistence on the question of inspection is becoming moot [ociosa] since the United States has declared satisfaction with the removal of offensive material existing in Cuba, it is only a pretext to postpone indefinitely the commitment of non-invasion and suspension of the economic blockade against Cuba.

  • November 10, 1962

    Message from Raul Roa to the Cuban Ambassador to the United Nations Regarding Cuban Missile Crisis Resolution

    Coding cable number 725 from Raul Roa, Minister of Foreign Affairs, to the Cuban Ambassador to the United Nations. He discusses the inspections of the Soviet navy and the packing and return of missiles.

  • November 10, 1962

    Telegram-Letter from Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos), 10-13 November 1962

    In conversation with a high officials from the State Department about the prospects of the Cuban situation, three hypotheses about the future Soviet comportment are discussed: 1) abandon entirely the government of Fidel Castro to its own fate; 2) limit itself to leave constituted in Cuba a socialist regime, based on a well-structured communist party and endowed with a repressive political machine, as a political base of propaganda and infiltration in Latin America and 3) to intensify Soviet technical and economic assistance in a manner to transform Cuba into a living demonstration of the efficacy of communism as an instrument of economic development in Latin America. The letter goes on to describe these three points in more detail.

  • November 11, 1962

    Message from Raul Roa to Cuban Ambassador to the United Nations Regarding Brazillian Proposal

    Cable coded number 727 from Raul Roa to Cuban Ambassador to the United Nations. Offers three amendments to Brazillian proposal: include Puerto Rico and the Panama Canal in the territorial region, guarantee that nuclear bombs won't be used against Latin America, and the suppression of certain military bases in Latin America or Africa with nuclear potential, including Guantanamo.

  • November 12, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the United Nations General Assembly, New York, 7 p.m., Monday

    A description of Brazil's resolution to the United Nations General Assembly regarding Cuba and the denuclearization of Latin America, as well as where the resolution stands in the Assembly thus far.

  • November 14, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 12:15 p.m., Wednesday

    A conversation between Pinto and Raul Roa discussing denuclearization of Latin America and the dismantling of bases like Guantanamo. Pinto also writes that the denuclearization of Africa was an initiative of Fidel Castro in the UN in 1960, and he praised the Brazilian draft, saying that, with the Cuban amendments, it would be an effective guarantee for Latin America and an important step toward disarmament and the suspension of nuclear tests.

  • November 14, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 3:15 p.m., Wednesday

    The tight secrecy continues to surround the conversations with Anastas Mikoyan, however in a conversation with Pinto, he reveals information concerning: Fidel Castro, Cuban-Soviet relations during the crisis and Cuba's refusal to submit to international inspections.

  • November 16, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 4:30 p.m., Friday

    Pinto analyzes Fidel Castro's decision to accept the “unilateral inspection,” when, beforehand, he always rejected inspection of this character.

  • November 16, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Foreign Ministry to the Brazilian Delegation at the United Nations General Assembly, New York, 9 p.m., Friday

    The Brazilian delegation to the United Nations General Assembly advises the Brazilian government not to postpone the voting on the draft resolution about the denuclearization of Latin America.

  • November 16, 1962

    Israeli Foreign Ministry, Jerusalem, to Israeli Embassy, Havana

    Israeli Ambassador to Brazil Arie] Eshel sent a telegram from Rio about Brazil's efforts to mediate the Cuban crisis, as well as Brazil's attempt to pass a resolution at the Security Council declaring Latin America, Africa and the Middle East nuclear free zones but that they were unable to do so due to French opposition.

  • November 16, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the United Nations General Assembly (Afonso Arinos), New York, 7:30 p.m., Friday

    Melo-Franco and Cuba's ambassador discuss the nuclearization of Latin America draft to the UN General Assembly.

  • November 16, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 6:30 p.m., Friday

    Pinto discusses the current situation in Cuba and feels certain that Cuba depends more and more on Soviet economic help, but that Fidel Castro feels sure of that there will only be an overthrow due to an American invasion or by a prolonged total blockade, that will have more grave international implications.

  • November 16, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos), 9 p.m., Friday

    A report from Roberto de Oliveira Campos on how certain actions and diplomatic moves during the Cuban crisis have served to inflame international tensions on both sides.

  • November 17, 1962

    Telegram from Chilean Embassy in Rio de Janeiro (Ruiz Solar)

    Ruiz Solar discusses in a telegram U Thant's proposal regarding the Cuban crisis. Thant’s proposal mainly consists in establishing permanent inspection in Cuba by representatives of neutral countries chosen by the Cuban Government.

  • November 19, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Belgrade, 12:30 p.m., Monday

    A brief analysis of Chinese-Cuban relations during the crisis and Fidel Castro's diplomatic skills in his relations with both the United States and Soviet Union.

  • November 20, 1962

    Message from Raul Roa to Ambassador Carlos Lechuga

  • November 20, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 9:30 a.m., Tuesday

    Pinto discusses Brazilian-Cuban relations since his arrival in December, especially during the period of crisis.