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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 13, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Zhou Enlai or Mao Zedong (via Roshchin)

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao and Zhou Enlai detailing his response to the English protest concerning "the Korean question." Also, a request for confirmation of Chinese troop movements to the Sino-Korea border, in case of a repulse of North Korean forces. Finally, a confirmation of the plans to train Chinese pilots on Soviet jets, to be followed by the transfer of the jets to Chinese possession.

  • July 14, 1950

    Letter from Kim Il Sung to Soviet Government

    Kim Il Sung concurs with Stalin’s disapproval of the English appeal to remove the People's Army from the 38th parallel and considers the Korea question should be taken to UNSC.

  • July 18, 1950

    Telegram from the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee to Gao Gang

    The Chinese attempt to mobilize the ethnic Koreans living in northeast China to return and serve North Korea in the war.

  • July 22, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 22591 from Roschin to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao Zedong informs Stalin of China's military and strategic maneuvers in summer 1950 as a result of the Korean War.

  • July 24, 1950

    DPRK Military Decree on Increasing the Production of Ammunition

    A Korean People's Army report on increasing the production of ammunitions during the early stages of the Korean War.

  • July 25, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 13645 from Vyshinsky to Roschin

    Telegram relaying message from Stalin to Mao and Zhou Enlai agreeing with proposal to train Chinese pilots on Soviet jet planes.

  • August 11, 1950

    The Political Situation in Korea during the Period of Military Operations

    A report on the Korean War from June through August 1950, including discussions on the start of the conflict, news media in North and South Korea, the air war, and the North Korean occupation of Seoul.

  • August 23, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    North Korea requests train locomotives and air force pilots from China, to which China agrees to the train locomotives.

  • August 28, 1950

    Ciphered telegram from Feng Xi (Stalin) to Kim Il Sung (via Shtykov)

    Telegram from Stalin to Kim Il Sung, congratulating him for his victories thus far and offering advise on the air force strategies.

  • August 31, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Feng Xi (Stalin) regarding the meeting with Kim Il Sung

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin describing Kim Il Sung's positive reaction to Stalin's congratulatory telegram of August 29, 1950.

  • August 31, 1950

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin transmitting letter from Kim Il Sung to Stalin

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin describing Kim Il Sung's positive reaction to Stalin's congratulatory telegram of August 29, 1950.

  • September 09, 1950

    National Security Council Report, NSC 81/1, "United States Courses of Action with Respect to Korea"

    The National Security Council reports to President Truman on possible US courses of action in resposne to the North Korean invasion of South Korea.

  • September 13, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow

    Telegram from Shtykov to Moscow requesting that they advise the DPRK government to prepare for the upcoming UN General Assembly session and a statement of the position the Soviet Union will take at the upcoming UNGA session.

  • September 20, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Ni Zhiliang

    China approves of Kim Il Sung's idea of fighting a protracted war, and gives advice on military strategies that will make a protracted war possible.

  • September 21, 1950

    Telegram from Soviet Defense Minister A.M. Vasilevsky to Stalin

    Vasilevsky reports on the state of Korean fighter aviation regiments, damaged Soviet regiments in Korea, Korean maintenance crews and transport of battalions and munitions supplies to Korea, allowing Stalin to decide, pending further calculations, whether or not it would be logical to transfer aircraft to Pyongyang.

  • September 22, 1950

    Information about the North Korean Workers Party Central Committee Meeting

    Heo Gai discusses the possibilities of North Korea's turning to the Soviet Union and China for military support.

  • September 23, 1950

    CPSU Politburo Decision to Adopt the Attached Draft Response

    Telegram telling Vyshinsky to inform Lancaster that Malik consented to a meeting with the assistant Ahesona or one of the American ambassadors, as suggested by Lancaster. Malik should listen to the State Department official and if it's evident that the Americans are taking a step forward towards a peaceful settlement of the Korean question, tell him that Malik should ponder the issues mentioned in the conversation.

  • September 23, 1950

    Telegram from Vasilevsky to Stalin

    Vasilevsky reports on the deployment of a battalion of fighter pilots to Korea via China and the planned deployment of battalions, technicians, artillery, fuel, and other necessities.

  • September 26, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from Matveyev (Zakharov) to Feng Xi (Stalin)

    Telegram from Zakharov to Stalin detailing the dire situation for the North Koreans following the Incheon landing.

  • September 27, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, from Vyshinsky to Gromyko

    On the meeting that took place between Tsarapkin and an American intermediary named Lancaster. They talked about the Korean issue.