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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 28, 1964

    Report by Alessandrini on MLF Project

    Report by italian representative to the Atlantic Council A. Alessandrini on the second phase of MLF negotiations, particularly Italy's position.

  • July 03, 1964

    Note from CSMD to MD on MLF

    Note by gen. Aldo Rossi on the activities of MLF working group, Italy's participation to the mixed crew ship experiment, costs and budget.

  • September 06, 1964

    Note by MD Cabinet on Von Hassel Declaration

    Note on declaration by FRG Defense Minister Von Hassel on Italy's position vis-à-vis MLF. Annexes missing.

  • September 29, 1964

    MAE cables on Von Hassel Declaration

    Cables between MAE secretary general Cattani and Italian embassy in Bonn on declaration by defense minister Von Hassel.

  • September 30, 1964

    Note by MD Cabinet on Von Hassel Declaration

    Note on retraction by FRG Ministry of Defense of Von Hassel's declaration concerning the possibility of Italy's veto right within MLF. Annex missing.

  • October 01, 1964

    MAE cable on Von Hassel Declaration

    Correction by FRG minister of Defense Von Hassel and discussion of US position concerning veto rights of MLF members.

  • November, 1964

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO's nuclear weapons'

    The memo deals with the reorganization of political control and of the "command chain" with respect to NATO's nuclear deterrent (opinions of the UK and France, Italian and German criticism). There are 3 attachments: 1) Multilateral Nuclear Force. Italian stance with regards to British proposals (2 pages); 2) British position on Multilateral Force - Message from Washington on 4th December (5 pages); 3) Reorganization of the Atlantic nuclear deterrent (12 pages).

  • November 09, 1964

    MAE Report on MLF

    MAE Analysis on MLF composition, procedures and issue of european clause. The report includes analyses of the positions of several NATO members.

  • November 11, 1964

    Cable from MAE to MD on USSR comments on MLF

    Note by ambassador to Moscow Straneo on comments by Soviet press regarding meetings between high-level US officials and new british Foreign Minister Patrick Gordon Walker on MLF.

  • November 18, 1964

    MD note on MLF

    Note on the current state of MFL project and positions of the parties involved. The paper mentions also the study presented by the Monnet Group.

  • November 21, 1964

    Telespresso by Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Ministry of Defense, 'Multilateral Nuclear Force. British proposals'

    The document consists of the transcript of what has been told to the Italian Embassy in London (Cattani), November 20th about British remarks with regard to Atlantic Nuclear Force project. The document describes the features of the project, reports the disadvantages that could derive from the proposal and the British doubts about that. In addition, the document underlines the goals and the features that - from the Italian point of view - the MLF project could and should have.

  • November 28, 1964

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'The project of a global reorganization of the Atlantic Alliance's nuclear deterrent'

    The project to which the document is related concerns only the strategic nuclear weapons, leaving instead the tactical ones under the specific territorial systems of control. The present document is about the components, political control and the NATO command.

  • January 10, 1965

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Origins and evolution of the project to establish a multilateral nuclear force'

    The note describes the story of the project to establish a multilateral nuclear force within NATO, from the origins up to the current situation.

  • March 03, 1965

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic Nuclear Forces'

    The document reports some considerations of MAE with regards to the current situation of Atlantic nuclear forces and possible future developments.

  • March 10, 1965

    Note by Head of MD Cabinet on British Project

    Analysis of British ANF proposal and military considerations regarding defense of the European operational theater. The paper stresses that the proposal overlooks the issue, as it advances the idea of a strategic nuclear force external to Europe. Finally, it outlines criteria for organizing an Atlantic nuclear force which might better fit european military problems.

  • March 12, 1965

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Alessandrini

    The report examines the evolution of the Atlantic Alliance and the uncertainty of the current phase, which consists of forces not always appropriate to its cohesion. Alessandrini analyzes both the transformations in the international context and those inside NATO, the issue of political, economic and military consultation, the debate about the multilateral force and ANF. The conclusion underlines - despite all the current problems - the positive results of the history of NATO, an alliance that represents to date not only the deterrence against possible Soviet threats, but also the most important interlocutor in an eventual East-West dialogue.

  • April 26, 1965

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO to Minister of Defense, 'Nuclear Problems'

    The document is part of a broad series of "Informative Reports" drafted by RICA and sent by Alessandrini to Andreotti (Minister of Defense), concerning the forthcoming meeting in London of the Atlantic Council at a ministerial level. With regards to nuclear problems, the document hopes for a gradual way out from NATO's current paralysis, through a process of integration, rather then the attempt to solve also these problems by mere coordination among the Allies.

  • April 26, 1965

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO to Minister of Defense, 'Defense Planning'

    The document is part of a broad series of "Informative Reports" drafted by RICA and sent by Alessandrini to Andreotti (Minister of Defense), concerning the forthcoming meeting in London of the Atlantic Council at a ministerial level. With regards to the Defense Planning, Italy claims (together with Germany) that it is absolutely indispensable to have available a well-balanced both conventional and nuclear arsenal, to preserve the SACEUR's credibility, on a political level too.

  • May 31, 1965

    Draft Telegram to Italian Embassies and Permanent Representative to NATO

    The telegram announces that the Italian government welcomes MacNamara's proposal of establishing a restricted Atlantic Nuclear Committee. This proposal is in the context of a necessary widening of the Atlantic nuclear responsibilities that now are concentrated in Washington.

  • June 02, 1965

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic Nuclear Committee'

    The note describes the proposal made by MacNamara as the most recent element of the US political-strategic thinking. The document explains MacNamara's proposal from its origins to the current situation. The document analyzes the position of various countries, with a focus on the Italian one and some points which still need to be sorted out. Italy seems interested in participating in the proposed Committee.