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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 29, 1944

    Letter, Igor V. Kurchatov, Director of the Soviet Nuclear Program, to Lavrenti Beria

    In this letter, physicist Igor V. Kurchatov, the scientific director of the Soviet nuclear project, writes to secret police chief Lavrenti Beria, whom Stalin had given principal responsibility for the atomic effort. Prodded by his own scientists and by intelligence reports of the secret Anglo-American atomic enterprise, Stalin had initiated a small-scale Soviet nuclear weapons program in late 1942-early 1943. But the level of support political leaders had given the project failed to satisfy Kurchatov, who pleaded with Beria for additional backing.

  • October 02, 1944

    Letter from Boris Merkulov (USSR People’s Commissar for State Security) to Lavrenty Beria (USSR People’s Commissar for Internal Affairs)

    Letter from Merkulov to Beria regarding the KGB’s efforts to obtain information about the creation of the atomic bomb and specifically about the related problems with uranium

  • October 16, 1944

    Information Letter from Yasnovsky to Cdes. Petrov and Plyshevsky

    Yasnovsky reports on developments in Xinjiang since the arrival of a new governor, Wu Zhongxin.

  • November 19, 1944

    Record of the Conversation of Comrade I.V. Stalin with the General Secretary of the CC French Communist Party, Comrade Thorez

    French communist Comrade Thorez and Stalin discuss the situation of the Communist Party in France.

  • December 06, 1944

    Record of Conversation between S. P. Kirsanov with L. Patrashkanu about the Newly Formed Government of Romania

    Discussion between Kirsanov and Lucretiu Patrascanu (a Romanian communist politician and leading member of the Communist Party of Romania) about the newly formed Redesku government in Romania. Patrascanu is very critical of the development and believes that the new government is a step backward. Kirsanov demurs and says that he refrained from commenting on the issue. The two agree to meet again the next day.

  • December 06, 1944

    Record of Conversation of D. G. Yakovlev of the Allied Control Commission in Bulgaria with S. Moshanov, Former Chairman of the People's Council of Bulgaria

    A discussion in Sofia, Bulgaria between Stoicho Moshanov and D.G. Yakovlev. The two issues discussed were the internal political situation in Bulgaria and British policy in Bulgaria

  • December 16, 1944

    Initiative Group formed for the Interim National Congress of Hungary

    Memo from I. Lavrov to V.G. Dekanozov regarding information provided by G.M. Pushkin about the creation of an initiative group for convening the Interim National Congress of Hungary. Pushkin recommends confirming St. Petri Kun Bela as the Chairman of the INC. Pushkin recommends Shanta Gal'man for the post of Deputy Chairman. He also confirms Yuhas Nady as the Second Deputy Chairman.

  • December 22, 1944

    Memorandum Regarding the Creation of the Interim National Government of Hungary

    Memorandum from V.G. Dekanozov to Joseph Stalin discussing the creation of the Interim National Government of Hungary in December of 1944.

  • 1945

    Soviet Report on Japanese Population in Korea and the Korean Population in Manchuria

    A Soviet report on the situation of Japanese in Korea and on the status of Koreans in Manchuria, or Northeast China, after liberation.

  • 1945

    Soviet Report on Communists in Korea, 1945

    Soviet officers provide a sketch of the existing communist movement in northern and southern Korea in 1945 and suggest that Kim Il Sung should be a leading candidate to head the Korean government.

  • January 04, 1945

    Working Notes of V.M. Molotov on the 'Zones of Action' of the Soviet and the Anglo-American Troops

    A brief note by Molotov on the recognition of the Polish government.

  • January 04, 1945

    From the Diary of V. A. Zorin - Record of Conversation with Ambassador of Czechoslovakia on the Recognition of the Polish Interim Government

    A diary entry of V.A. Zorin's that discusses a conversation with Czechoslovakian Ambassador to the Soviet Union, Zdenek Firlinger. The two discussed the recognition of the Polish Interim Government by Czechoslovakia.

  • January 09, 1945

    From the Diary of V. A. Zorin: Record of Conversation with Z. Firlinger on the Question of Preparing for the Armistice Negotiations with Hungary

    Soviet Ambassador Zorin and Czech official Firlinger go over the details of the draft armistice agreement with Hungary.

  • January 09, 1945

    Record of I. V. Stalin's Conversation with the Head of the Delegation of the National Liberation Committee of Yugoslavia, A. Hebrang

    Stalin and Hebrang discuss building armed forces in Yugoslavia, its territorial problems, and its relations with Bulgaria and Albania

  • January 12, 1945

    Record of Conversation of the Allied Control Commission Official in Romania S. A. Dangulov with Leader of a Wing of the National Liberal Party (NLP) G. Tatarescu

    Tatarescu, a leader in the Romanian National Liberal Party (NLP) describes factions inside his own party and relations between the various political parties in post-war Romania.

  • January 20, 1945

    Record of Conversation of Deputy Political Counselor of the Allied Control Commission in Bulgaria K. D. Levychkin with Public Judge Shulev about the Progress of the Court Trial of War Criminals

    Bulgarian Judge Shulev asks for the Soviet position regarding the pending verdict in the war crimes trials of Bulgaria's WWII leaders. Levychkin refused to influence the verdict, saying it was not within the Allied Control Commission's authority.

  • March 05, 1945

    Report to L. P. Beria about the Political Situation in Romania

    NKGB/NKVD report on the political situation in Romania, describing the negotiations and maneuvering among the various political parties to form a coalition government.

  • March 16, 1945

    Report to L. P. Beria about the Social and Political Situation in Northern Transylvania

    NKGB/NKVD report on the response in Northern Transylvania following Romania's resumption of control of the region.

  • March 21, 1945

    Record of V. M. Molotov's Conversation with President of Czechoslovakia E. Beneš

    Molotov and President Beneš discussed the post-war borders of Czechoslovakia, the relocation of the Hungarian and German populations, and the economic situation in the country.

  • March 24, 1945

    Record of Conversation Between V. M. Molotov and President of Czechoslovakia E. Beneš

    Molotov and President Beneš discuss the transfer of control of Trans-Carpathian Ukraine to the Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia's need for economic assistance.