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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 03, 1956

    Excerpt from Papers Prepared by the Historical Division on Antarctica

    Antarctica is a strategic location with abundant natural resources and thirty countries are involved in research there.

  • March 07, 1956

    Telegram from Indian Embassy in Argentina on Antarctica Issue

    Argentina and Chile’s stance on sovereignty over Antarctica.

  • April 21, 1956

    Note by the CC CPSU Regarding the Arming of R-7 Rockets with a Hydrogen Charge on the Basis of the Principle of Radiation Implosion

    Proposal on the development of the R-7 rocket to carry a new RDS-6 type device between Soviet officials in the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The updated R-7 rocket with RDS-6 device was approved to be designed lighter and given a bigger yield.

  • April 23, 1956

    Chinese Communist Party Central Committee Circular concerning the Transfer of Cadres and Workers to Participate in Atomic Energy Development Work (Excerpt)

    A Chinese Central Committee circular stresses the need for China to develop a healthy uranium prospecting and mining industry, and to transfer technical and administrative cadres to work with Soviet experts.

  • April 25, 1956

    Talk by Mao Zedong at an Enlarged Meeting of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee Politburo (Excerpts)

    Mao speaks to the Central Committee Politburo about the need to develop an atomic bomb to avoid being "bullied," but stresses that this can only happen if economic development increases simultaneously.

  • May 14, 1956

    Letter from Louis Joxe to Christian Pineau, French Minister of Foreign Affairs

    This letter to Christian Pineau describes the proposed subordination of Euratom to the common market.

  • May 16, 1956

    Bhabha and Jawaharlal Nehru Correspondence on Indian Nuclear History

    A series of letters between Dr. Bhabha and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru covering a wide range of subjects, including the appropriate venues to voice opinions, the status of the Colaba site, meeting with the Pakistan Association for the Advancement of Science, and issues with coordination between the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Ministry of Education on scientific research and education. Also includes a copy of a letter from The Tokyo Shimbun requesting Dr. Bhabha’s presence at a forum discussing the justifiability of American hydrogen bomb tests in the Pacific.

  • June 08, 1956

    Draft Minutes from Intergovernmental Conference for Euratom May 29 and 30 1956

    These minutes describe a discussion from members of several European states, including Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands on actions in case of emergency in regard to Euratom.

  • July 04, 1956

    Note of Academician I. P. Bardin to N. S. Khrushchev about the Position of Soviet Representatives at a Conference of the Special Committee for the International Geophysical Year

    What Soviet scientists could reveal about Soviet plans when traveling abroad

  • August 30, 1956

    Minutes of the Twentieth Session of the Brazilian National Security Council, Second Brazilian Nuclear Plan

    At this meeting the National Security Council decided to reform the Brazilian nuclear sector by placing it under the direction of CNEN (National Nuclear Energy Commission). The CSN suggested young technicians and academics should be instructed abroad in order to stimulate the development of professionals in that field. One of the objectives of the nuclear policy was the production of nuclear fuel from domestically-sourced minerals. The Brazilian government criticized the monopoly on nuclear fuel by the big powers.

  • October 01, 1956

    Delegation of the Union of South Africa to the United Nations, 'Statement of Mr. W. C. du Plessis, Leader of the South African Delegation'

    Speech delivered by W.C. Du Plessis, leader of the South African delegation, to the Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The speech conveys South Africa's hopes and concerns for the future of nuclear energy technology while also outlining the advances in the field made by South African scientists.

  • October 01, 1956

    Eleventh Plenary Meeting of the Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (Statement by South African Ambassador W.C. du Plessis)

    Statement by the South African Ambassador to the United States, W. C. du Plessis, at the Eleventh Plenary Meeting of the Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) held in the United Nations. Du Plessis expresses approval of the election of the new president of the conference, and discusses the history of the IAEA Statute and South Africa's atomic energy research.

  • October 08, 1956

    Seventh Meeting of the Main Committee, Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (Statement by South African Ambassador W.C. du Plessis)

    Statement by the South African Ambassador to the United States, W. C. du Plessis, at the Seventh Meeting of the Main Committee of the Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) held at the United Nations. Du Plessis discusses several amendments intending to improve the representation of African and Middle Eastern countries in the IAEA, as well as several amendments regarding the structure of the organization and the IAEA board.

  • October 21, 1956

    Proposal of the Euratom Experts Concerning the Dissemination of Military Knowledge

    This proposal from the French delegation describes the potential military uses for atomic energy.

  • November 09, 1956

    Note by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Economic Cooperation

    This note describes panel discussions, which took place on the visit of Chancellor Adenauer to Paris, helping to reach an agreement on outstanding issues regarding Euratom.

  • November 13, 1956

    Draft Minutes of the Conference of Foreign Affairs of the Member States of the ECSC on 20 and 21 October 1956

    This document details discussions which took place during the Conference of Foreign Affairs between members of the ECSC in regard to extending their integration.

  • January 05, 1957

    Proposal On the First Launches of Artificial Earth Satellites Before the Start of the International Geophysical Year

    Suggesting launch of a smaller and simpler satellite before the beginning of the International Geophysical Year

  • January 20, 1957

    Note on the Control System and the Powers of the Commission on Export and Ownership of Fissile Materials

    This note dicusses control mechanisms of Euratom, concluding that sufficiently large powers are given to the Commission to ensure effective control.

  • February 10, 1957

    Letter by Max Kohnstamm to Jean Monnet on the Committee of the Three Wise Men

    This letter to Jean Monnet details the success of recent meetings between President Eisenhower, the Atomic Energy Commission, and other parties.

  • February 15, 1957

    CPSU Central Committee Presidium Decree, 'On Measures Connected with Carrying out the International Geophysical Year'

    Presidium (Politburo) decree approving request to launch a simpler satellite at the beginning of the International Geophysical Yea