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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 25, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Foreign Ministry to the Brazilian Embassy in Washington

    A telegram from the Brazilian Foreign Ministry to the Brazilian Embassy in Washington relaying a message from the Brazilian Embassy in Moscow regarding their interpretations of the Soviet Union's position on the events related to the Cuban Missile Crisis and U.S.-Cuban relations. The ambassador feels that the Soviets fear war more than the North-Americans; and he says that at no point does the Soviet government specifically refute the NorthAmerican affirmation that it is sending an amount of offensive armament with Cuba, limiting itself to reiterating that the Cuban-Soviet accord of 3 September for defensive military help to Cuba continues in force.

  • October 25, 1962

    Political Letter from Ambassador Max Troendle

    Ambassador Max Troendle discusses the situation in the Soviet Union after the Cuban Missile Crisis in regards to the public opinion and press attacks now being much calmer. He also mentions Israel’s newly arrived ambassador, Joseph Tekoah, who is familiar with the conditions in Latin America from his own experience.

  • October 25, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'A Cuban Leader Talked about Domestic Mobilization'

    A report on the meeting between Huang Wenyou and Joaquin Ordoqui. They discuss two main issues: the fact that the oil supply and general economic conditions in Cuba are tough, but the Cuban people still remain positive; and the American mobilization for invasion and war against Cuba, especially given the fact that Kennedy recently took a hard line against Cuba in a meeting with Gromyko (a Soviet official).

  • October 25, 1962

    Telegram from Mexican Ambassador to the Organization of American States (OAS), Washington

    A telegram from the Mexican Ambassador describing the activities that took place in the recent session of the Council of the Organization of American States (OAS).

  • October 25, 1962

    Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Presidium Protocol No. 61

    In response to President Kennedy's letter protesting the placement of missiles in Cuba, Khrushchev proposes a resolution to the crisis. When the time seemed right he would offer to dismantle the missiles already on the island (the MRBMs or R-12s) if Kennedy pledged not to invade Cuba.

  • October 25, 1962

    Danish Defense Intelligence Service Weekly Brief (Excerpts)

    An intelligence report from the Danish Defense Intelligence Services providing a general background on the historical events in Cuba leading up to the Cuban Missile Crisis (Castro's revolutionary government), the defense systems and readiness of Cuba and its closest allies and military aid and materials in Cuba.

  • October 25, 1962

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Hungarian Revolutionary Worker’s and Peasant’s Government (Council of Ministers)

    The document includes Hungarian Council of Ministers meeting minutes from 25 October 1962. The minutes are dominated by János Kádár’s detailed overview of events leading up to the current international situation. The overview is preceded by the Council of Ministers approving the government’s public statement on the Cuban Missille Crisis. During the session Kádár summarizes US provocation, Cuban and Soviet responses, and the military mobilization of different countries and military alliances, and Hungary’s political campaign in support of Cuba. Kádár notes negotiations between Cuba, the US, and Soviet Union initiate the day before. The minutes also include exchanges between Kádár and other Council of Ministers representatives.

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 6 p.m., Friday

    A telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana,Cuba describing the paralyzed activities in Cuba due to the incalculable damage to the economy of the country because of the American blockade.

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 6 p.m., Friday

    A report on a meeting between the ambassador of Yugoslavia [Boško Vidaković] with President [Osvaldo] Dorticós to discuss American planes making low-level flights over Cuba and, according to information received recently (at the time), the American attack being imminent.

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the OAS, Washington, 6:30 p.m., Friday

    The Brazilian Delegation to the OAS reports that the American Delegation at the General Assembly of the United Nations will enter into contact with the Brazilian Delegation to examine the proposal for banning nuclear arms in Latin America and Africa. In the opinion of the Brazilian Delegation, the North American interest in the proposition is aimed at neutralizing the effect of the Soviet manifestation.

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from Swiss Foreign Ministry to Swiss Embassy in Havana (Stadelhofer)

    A telegram from the Swiss Foreign Ministry to the Swiss Embassy in Havana summarizing a written message from the Cuban Ambassador, Jose Ruiz Velasco, concerning the U.S. blockade of Cuba.

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Washington (Drozniak), 26 October 1962

    According to Drozniak, US Secretary of State Dean Rusk has allegedly reported that the latest statements of journalists claiming the relaxation of tensions in the Cuban Missile Crisis do not correspond to the reality of serious tensions between the US and USSR.

  • October 26, 1962

    Letter from Mexican Ambassador to the Organization of American States (OAS), Washington, to Mexican Foreign Minister

    A letter from the Mexican Ambassador to accompany the attachments of three examples of reports on the OAS U.S. Resolution from Argentina, Costa Rica, the U.S. and the Dominican Republic. The ambassador also describes a conversation he had with Mr. Ward P. Allen of the North American delegation (and the U.S. State Department).

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from East German Ambassador, Moscow, to East German Secretary of State (First Deputy Foreign Minister) Otto Winzer

    The East German Ambassador in Moscow, Rudolf Dölling, writes to the East German Secretary of State (First Deputy Foreign Minister), Otto Winzer, about several diplomatic meetings that have been held concerning US-Cuban relations and tensions. One of these meetings is between several Eastern European countries: East Germany, Poland, Bulgaria, USSR, Romania and Czechoslovakia.

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Washington (Drozniak), 26 October 1962

    Drozniak makes an assessment of the Cuban Missile Crisis situation, based on his conversations with foreign diplomats and respected journalists. Among other topics, he includes his opinion that "The operation of installing the [Soviet] missiles in Cuba was carried out in great hurry, without special adherence to secrecy, and perhaps even with the awareness that the missiles would be discovered relatively quickly. This [fact] has been interpreted [by the Americans] as [a possible] attempt by the USSR to test Kennedy’s “the will and readiness to fight.” [Soviet leader Nikita S.] Khrushchev chose Cuba, because he considered Berlin to be too dangerous."

  • October 26, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos), Noon, Friday

    Campos offers an analytical review of the latest events in the Cuban Crisis, which has led him to some conclusions, including the goals of the United States government (to block new offensive arms from arriving in Cuba and to obtain the dismantling or removal of the present warlike installations).

  • October 26, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation, West German Foreign Minister Gerhard Schröder and Soviet Ambassador Andrei Smirnov, Bonn

    A discussion between Federal Minister Schröder and Soviet Ambassador Smirnow [Smirnov] in which Smirnov presents to the minister a statement of the Soviet Government concerning the aggressive acts the United States had committed against the Republic of Cuba. In this statement the Soviet Government was explaining its view on the blockade the United States had imposed on Cuba. It also commented on the other aggressive steps President Kennedy intended to take against Cuba as announced on 22 October.

  • October 27, 1962

    Ciphered Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to Cuba Aleksandr Alekseev

    A telegram dispatched from the Soviet embassy in Havana early on the morning of Saturday, 27 October 1962. Fidel Castro was at the embassy and composing an important "personal" message for Nikita Khrushchev. The alarmed Cuban leader anticipated US invasion in the next "24-72 hours."

  • October 27, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Ghana, 'Report on Conversation with the Third Secretary of Cuban Embassy'

    Chinese embassy in Ghana discusses the situation in Cuba. Ghana proposes African-Asian delegation to inspect Cuban military establishments; also says the U.S. will attack Cuba at 9:30 pm on the evening of 27 or 28 October 1962, but does not identify the source of this information.

  • October 27, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Mexico (Pio Corrêa), 7 a.m., Saturday

    An official of the Brazilian Embassy in Mexico describes a meeting with the under-Secretary of External Relations, who communicated his conviction that the the United States is not disposed to negotiate on the Cuban question and has decided to intervene militarily on the island, since it is persuaded that the military and political base that has been established by the USSR disturbs the world equilibrium between the two blocs.