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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 14, 1949

    Ciphered Telegram No. 4159 from Filipov [Stalin] to Kovalev

    Stalin agrees to send one division from Lanzhou to Urumchi and to ship aviation fuel to Urumchi and Hami.

  • October 25, 1949

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Comrade Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao shares a detailed report on the arrival of the PLA in Xinjiang with Stalin.

  • October 25, 1949

    Letter from Cde. Mao Zedong to Cde. Filippov [Stalin] via Kovalev

    Detailed report on the arrival of the PLA in Xinjiang, including the local population's reaction. Mao reports that the PLA was greeted warmly except for activities of some "reactionary elements and propaganda units of the Kuomintang."

  • November 11, 1949

    Cable No. 59976, Kovalev to Cde. Filippov [Stalin]

    Request for grain from the Chinese government for the PLA in Xinjiang.

  • November 16, 1949

    Cable No. 21039, Gromyko to Cde. Kovalev

    The Soviet government agrees to deliver 10,000 tons of wheat to the PLA in Xinjiang.

  • December 07, 1949

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Wang Zhen

    Zhou Enlai responds to two cables about the activities and whereabouts of George Fox-Holmes, Douglas Mackiernan, and John Hall Paxton.

  • December 29, 1949

    Report of Cde. Peng Dehuai about the Situation in Xinjiang

    Peng reports on the situation in Xinjiang following the takeover of Xinjiang by the People's Liberation Army.

  • January 10, 1950

    Material on the Conspiratorial Activities of US Vice-Consul in Dihua

  • January 11, 1950

    Discovered US Consulate Reactionary Acts

    A list of items that the Chinese captured from the US consulate in Dihua (Urumqi), Xinjiang.

  • January 22, 1950

    Record of Talks between I.V. Stalin and Chairman of the Central People's Government of the People’s Republic of China Mao Zedong

    Conversation between Stalin and Mao concerning a proposed treaty of friendship and alliance between the USSR and China. Discussion includes: the prospects of future Japanese aggression, the Chinese-Eastern Railway (Mao and Stalin disagree on who should run its administration), the Port Arthur agreements (including the question of the port of Dalny), and economic cooperation. The economic cooperation focuses on a Soviet credit program for economic development in China, as well as the question of arms shipments to China. There is also discussion of Tibet.

  • April 06, 1950

    Letter, Muhammad Amin Bughra, Isa Yusuf Alptekin, and Colonel Adam Sabri to Owen Lattimore

    Exiled in India, Bugrha, Alptekin, and Sabri ask Lattimore for financial and material support. They also praise Dean Acheson's January 1950 Press Club Speech.

  • June 19, 1950

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Dr. W. Norman Brown

    Owen Lattimore forwards a letter from three exiled leaders from Xinjiang, and asks for support to bring a Uyghur-language specialist to the US.

  • June 19, 1950

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Lennox C. Fogg, Jr.

    Lattimore forwards a letter from three exiled leaders from Xinjiang, and hints at Senator Joseph McCarthy's attacks on his character.

  • June 19, 1950

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Mortimer Graves

    Owen Lattimore continues to lobby for support to recruit an area studies specialist from Xinjiang.

  • June 19, 1950

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Frank Hopkins

    Owen Lattimore asks the Foreign Service Institute for support to bring a Xinjiang specialist to the United States.

  • June 19, 1950

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Colonel Adam Sabri

    Owen Lattimore reports to several of Xinjiang's exiled leaders that he is seeking support on their behalf.

  • June 22, 1950

    Letter, Mortimer Graves to Owen Lattimore

    Mortimer Graves of the American Council for Learned Societies responds to Owen Lattimore's request for financial support to bring a Xinjiang specialist to the United States.

  • June 29, 1950

    Letter, Owen Lattimore to Mortimer Graves

    Lattimore continues his push to improve the study of "Central Asian Turkish" in the United States.

  • November 14, 1950

    Letter, Isa Yusuf Alptekin to Owen Lattimore

    Isa Yusuf Alptekin recounts his experiences in Xinjiang in the 1940s and his flight to India and beyond after the Chinese Communist revolution. He also asks Lattimore for assistance in having exiled students from Xinjiang go to the United States for further education.

  • April 09, 1951

    Memorandum to Mr. B. Kuniholm from Enver Shakul, 'News from Sinkiang'

    Enver Shakul, a Xinjiang exile working at the US Embassy in Ankara, shares the latest gossip from China's northwest.