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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 19, 1956

    Draft of Record of a Meeting between the Soviet and Chinese Delegations

    Mao Zedong reveals that several Korean Workers' Party members have been placed under arrest, including Pak Il-u, who is looked favorably upon by the CCP. Sino-North Korean relations have become strained as a result of Kim Il Sung's handling of the August incident. Mao admits to Mikoyan that the KWP leadership may not heed their advice, but they decide to send a joint delegation to Pyongyang the next morning.

  • September 21, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    A meeting with Kim Il Sung reveals the main goals of the Sino-Soviet delegation: to convince the Korean Workers' Party to move away from policies of repression and to repeal the order to expel the group of accused party officials. Kim agrees on repealing the expulsion order, but not for those who fled to China. Mikoyan asks that Sino-Soviet delegation be allowed to sit in on the presidium meeting the next day.

  • September 23, 1956

    Telegram from A. Mikoyan to the CPSU Central Committee

    Mikoyan once again assures Kim Il Sung that the Sino-Soviet delegation's only motive in intervening is to help and advise the Korean Workers' Party. Kim vows to include the delegation's suggestions and the content of their discussions in the September Plenum. Mikoyan notes that Kim kept his promise at the plenary meeting that was held the next day.

  • November 22, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Bak Uiwan on 22 November 1956

    Discussion with Bak Uiwan, who notes that the KWP's atmosphere is still tense following the August Plenum. Uiwan claimed Kim Il Sung agreed with the suggestions of the Sino-Soviet delegation (Mikoyan and Dehuai) in order to avoid tension in the meeting, but had no intention of following through.

  • July 03, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 3 July 1957

    Puzanov discusses with Kim Il Sung the CPSU CC Plenum's declaration of factionalists, which Kim lauds as exemplary measures for party unity. Then Puzanov updates Kim Il Sung on the USSR government's favorable responses to the DPRK's various proposals.

  • July 06, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 6 July 1957

    Nam Il informs Puzanov that the KWP CC expresses complete support and agreement with the CPSU CC's June plenum.

  • July 08, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 8 July 1957

    Kim Il Sung and Puzanov discuss a meeting with representatives of the CPSU CC and SKYu CC, the American violation of the Korean Armistice agreement, and the Korean people's mixed reactions to the CPSU CC Plenum's June decision to expose factionalists and consolidate the party.

  • July 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 July 1957

    Puzanov tells the PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang about the June CPSU CC Plenum decision, which Qiao supports. Then they discuss the timeframe of the Korean delegation's return from Moscow.

  • August 13, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 13 August 1957

    At a conference of Ambassadros, Puzanov offers information on the DPRK's economic progress and the USSR's achievements since the Great October Socialist Revoloution. He also visits Nam Il and inquires about the investigations of anti-Party North Korean leaders and North Korean greetings to USSR officials.

  • August 17, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 17 August 1957

    Puzanov and Nam Il discuss upcoming Soviet-Korean talks about border issues, the timeframe of sending Soviet specialists to provide assistance for new DPRK banknotes, and the possibility of sending Nam Il's sons to the USSR for medical treatment.

  • November, 1957

    Friendship and Solidarity Among Socialist Countries

    Kim Il Sung's article, originally published in Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn, thanks the Soviet Union and China for assisting North Korea while deriding American foreign policy.

  • December 09, 1957

    A Note from Sluczanski to Several Comrades in Warsaw concerning the "August Group" and the Political Situation in the DPRK

    Comrade Sluczanski describes the situation regarding the "August Group" in North Korea, stating that a number of arrests have taken place throughout North Korea.

  • January 13, 1958

    Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with Go Hui-man, Director of the Industry Department of the CC, on 13.I.1958

    Brzezinski Henryk and Go Hwiman discuss the economic situation in North Korea.

  • February 03, 1958

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'On the Visit to Korea by the Representatives of the Chinese Government'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry offers some ideas for a forthcoming visit of Zhou Enlai to North Korea.

  • February 16, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 February 1958

    Ri Dong-yong informs Puzanov of the Plenum of the Pyongyang City Party Committee and the report from the DPRK Ambassador in Moscow.

  • March 14, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 12 March 1958

    Park Gil-ryong informs Puzanov on the recent conference, in which Ri Sin-pal criticizes the work of the Ministry of Domestic and Foreign Trade, and consults Puzanov regarding his desires to return to the Soviet Union.

  • April 11, 1958

    Cable from Qiao Xiaoguang to the Central Committee, 'Korea Has Decided Not to Send a Party Delegation to Yugoslavia'

    Qiao Guanhua reports that the Korean Workers' Party will not send a delegation the 7th Congress of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia.

  • May 12, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A. M. Puzanov for 12 May 1958

    Pak Geum-cheol and Puzanov are indignant with the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, while Nam Il desires for the Soviet Union to expand an exhibit about the peaceful use of atomic energy in Pyongyang.

  • May 17, 1958

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A. M. Puzanov for 17 May 1958

    Nam Il learns that the Soviet government will receive a North Korean delegation to study the "use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes" while informing Puzanov of arrangements for representatives of the DPRK to attend party congresses in Eastern Europe.

  • July 01, 1958

    From the Journal of M.S. Kapitsa, Record of Conversation with Counselor of the DPRK Embassy in Moscow Cde. Pak Deok-hwan

    Pak Deok-hwan and M.S. Kapitsa discuss the prospect of having Korean loggers come to the Soviet Union for work, Japanese-North Korean relations, and the DPRK Embassy in Moscow.