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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 17, 1952

    Ciphered telegram, Filippov (Stalin) to Mao Zedong

    Telegram from Stalin to Mao expressing his and Kim Il Sung's agreement with Mao's bargaining position at the armistice talks.

  • August 20, 1952

    Minutes of Conversation between I.V. Stalin and Zhou Enlai

    Conversation between Stalin and Zhou Enlai concerning the extension of the Port Arthur agreement, the construction of a Sino-Mongolian railroad to the Soviet Union, and the situation in Korea. On the issue of Korea, they discussed sending arms shipments to China and Chinese arms production; the possibility of a Chinese offensive in Korea; and the return of POWs. Stalin reaffirmed his commitment to assisting China in the war in Korea.

  • September 02, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to the Chairman [Mao Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou Enlai and Peng Dehuai try to persuade Kim Il Sung to fight until the United States proposes negotiations.

  • September 03, 1952

    Minutes of Conversation between I.V. Stalin and Zhou Enlai

    Conversation between Stalin and Zhou Enlai on the Chinese Five-Year Plan, the Ulan-Bator-Pinditsiuan railroad, and arms sales/production. They also discussed the Korean war, Burma, and Tibet.

  • September 04, 1952

    Record of a Conversation between Stalin, Kim Il Sung, Pak Heon-yeong, Zhou Enlai, and Peng Dehuai

    Soviet, Chinese, and North Korean officials discuss the military situation in Korea and the status of armistice talks.

  • September 13, 1952

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Chairman Mao

    Zhou Enlai reports that Kim Il Sung, Pak Heon-yeong, and Peng Dehuai will reach Beijing on October 16.

  • September 16, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to the Chairman [Mao Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou Enlai updates Mao Zedong on the latest conversations with Stalin and other members of the Soviet leadership. Topics of discussion included Soviet technical assistance to China, developments in the Korean War, the United Nations, and the formation of a regional organization for Asia.

  • January 24, 1953

    Note from the Embassy of the Polish Republic in Korea

    A report on North Korea's preparations for war.

  • March 25, 1953

    Ciphered Telegram from Molotov with a Message to Kim Il Sung

    Telegram informing Kim Il Sung that the French government contacted the Soviet government and asked for help in facilitating the release of 14 French citizens (specified) from the DPRK authorities, and to give an exact idea of the fates of those citizens (specified) on which the French authorities have received no information since the beginning of the war in Korea.

  • March 29, 1953

    Telegram Reporting on a Meeting with Kim Il Sung

    Kuznetsov, Razuvaev and Fedorenko report that they met with Kim Il Sung and gave him a communication from Moscow suggesting that the naming of Gen. Nam Il as foreign minister be postponed for the time being.

  • March 29, 1953

    Telegram from Kuznetsov and Fedorenko in Pyongyang

    Kuznetsov and Fedorenko report back to Moscow their meeting with Kim Il Sung regarding North Korean preparations for negotiations with UN forces.

  • April 01, 1953

    Explanatory Note from Glukhov to the Ministry of Public Security of the DPRK

    Soviet Union’s role in fabrication of evidence blaming the US for using biological weapons in North Korea.

  • April 14, 1953

    Explanatory Note from Lieutenant Selivanov to L.P. Beria

    Selivanov, student at the S.M. Kirov Military-Medical Academy and former adviser to the Military-Medical Department of the KPA, describes how he falsified an outbreak and blamed it on American bacteriological weapons.

  • April 18, 1953

    Explanatory Note from Lt. Gen. V.N. Razuvaev to L.P. Beria

    Razuvaev explains the steps taken to make it appear that Americans are using biological weapons in the Korean War. China initially sent reports of such weaponry, and soon after Korea, led by Soviet advisors, joined in the falsification of biological attacks by creating false plague regions with the help of the Korean Ministry of Health. After visits from two international delegations, Korea eventually abandoned its plan to falsely accuse America, while China continued to advance the story.

  • April 21, 1953

    Memorandum from L.P. Beria to G.M. Malenkov and to the Presidium of the CC CPSU

    Question regarding Soviet role in falsifying evidence of American biological weapons.

  • April 21, 1953

    Memorandum from V.M. Molotov to Members of the Presidium of the CC CPSU

    On false claims of the use of biological weapons in the Korean War.

  • April 24, 1953

    Protocol No 6 of the Meeting of the Presidium of the CC CPSU about the MVD Note on the Results of the Investigations into the Reports of Former Advisers to the Ministry of State Security and DPRK Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cdes. Glukhov and Smirnov

    Response of USSR to false allegations that Americans used biological weapons in North Korea calls for both dismissal of V.N. Razuvaev from his posts as Ambassador of the USSR to the DPRK and military adviser and the commission of Molotov to address the allegations and send his resultant report to Mao Zedong and Kim Il Sung. This protocol also authorizes the removal of Ignatiev from the CC CPSU.

  • April 30, 1953

    Report No. 2 of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Poland in the Democratic Republic of Korea for the Period of 1 March 1953 to 30 April 1953

    The Polish Embassy addresses North Korea's reactions toward Stalin's death, its domestic policies in line with the recommendations of the 5th Plenum of the KWP CC, and its stance towards the truce talks.

  • May 02, 1953

    Resolution of the Presidium of the USSR Council of Ministers about Letters to the Ambassador of the USSR in the PRC, V.V. Kuznetsov and to the Charge d’Affaires for the USSR in the DPRK, S.P. Suzdalev

    Cease the publication of false evidence accusing the US for using biological weapons in North Korea; punish Soviet Workers involved.

  • May 11, 1953

    Telegram to V.M. Molotov from Beijing from the USSR Ambassador to the PRC, V.V. Kuznetsov

    Results of a conversation with Mao Zedong, on 11 May 1953, regarding the falsification of evidence proving US use of biological weapons.