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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 05, 1953

    Summary Record of the Conference held between President Rhee and Secretary Dulles (First Session)

    In early August of 1950, delegates from the United States and the Republic of Korea met to discuss the logistics for the forthcoming conferences centered on the creation of a strong US-ROK mutual defense treaty. The delegates also propose who can and should be present. While both sides agree that North Korea and China should be included, President Rhee advocates that due to India’s Prime Minister’s “pro-communist views,” India should not be invited.

  • August 06, 1953

    Proposed Joint Statement by President Rhee and Secretary Dulles

    In this proposed joint statement, President Rhee and Secretary Dulles discuss the terms for the joint security pact between the ROK and the US.

  • November 08, 1953

    Cable from Mao Zedong to Kim Il Sung, 'Plans to Publicize the Confessions of Americans Prisoners of War on Germ Warfare'

    Mao Zedong explains to Kim Il Sung China's plan to issue a communique regarding germ warfare.

  • November 12, 1953

    Note from the Embassy of the Polish Republic in Korea

    The Polish Embassy reports on the DPRK delegation headed by Kim Il Sung which left for Beijing.

  • November 23, 1953

    Mao Zedong’s Remarks at the Banquet for the North Korean Government Delegation

    Mao Zedong discusses the significance of the signing of the Sino-North Korean Economic and Cultural Cooperation Agreement at a banquet for a North Korean government delegation. Dismissing that China's aid to North Korea is one-sided, Mao notes that North Korea "helped" China by being in the front line of the struggle against imperialism. North Korea protected China by preventing the imperialists from crossing the Yale River.

  • November 23, 1953

    Agreement on Korean Technical Personnel Receiving Training in China and Chinese Technical Personnel Working in Korea Made by the Governments of the People’s Republic of China and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

    The full-text of the Agreement on Korean Technical Personnel Receiving Training in China and Chinese Technical Personnel Working in Korea signed on 23 November 1953 by Zhou Enlai and Nam Il

  • December 10, 1953

    CCP Central Committee Propaganda Instructions for the Signing of the Sino-Korean Economic and Cultural Cooperation Agreement

    The Central Committee of the CCP offers instructions on how to quell public dissent over the signing of the Sino-North Korean Economic and Cultural Cooperation Agreement in 1953.

  • 1954

    The Political, Economic and Social-Cultural Situation of the Democratic Popular Republic Of Korea, 1954

    A report on the DPRK's economic and socio-cultural situation, including political parties and mass organizations in North Korea.

  • January 15, 1954

    Report, Legation of the Hungarian People’s Republic in Beijing to the Foreign Ministry of Hungary

    Report from the Hungarian Chargé d’Affaires in Beijing which talks about the dispute between China, North Korea and the US over POW's. The report also speculates on the reason for India's position on this issue.

  • March 06, 1954

    From the Journal of Molotov: Secret Memorandum of Conversation between Molotov and PRC Ambassador Zhang Wentian

    Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov and PRC Ambassador to the USSR Zhang Wentian discuss their respective views on the situations in Korea and Vietnam in preparation for the upcoming Geneva Conference.

  • April 21, 1954

    Additional Notification from the Organizational Bureau of the Central Committee on the Issue of Political Examinations for Persons Receiving Training Abroad and Technical Personnel Aiding Korea

    The Organization Department of the Central Committee of the CCP offers instructions on political examinations for Chinese specialists working in North Korea

  • June 04, 1954

    Chinese-North Korean Agreement Regarding North Korean Technical Personnel Studying in China and Chinese Technical Personnel Working in North Korea

    An agreement between China and North Korea concluded in Beijing on November 23, 1953, regarding North Korean technical personnel studying in China and Chinese technical personnel working in North Korea and meant to strengthen bilateral friendship and further develop bilateral cooperation in production technology.

  • September 29, 1954

    Report from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the Activity of the Embassy, September 29, 1954, written by comrade Victor Florescu, Second Secretary of the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang

    A report from the Romanian Embassy in North Korea to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs details the current states of affairs in North Korea in autumn 1954, mostly discussing the question of Korean unification, as well as prisoner exchange, North Korean economic conditions, inter-Korean relations, and North Korea's relations with China and Japan.

  • 1955

    The Main Issues for the Conversation with the Korean Comrades

    A Soviet memorandum containing recommendations for North Korea's political and economic development as well as foreign policy.

  • March 27, 1955

    Cable from the State Council, 'On the System of Travel between Northeast China and Korea'

    China and North Korea agree to stricter regulations on citizens crossing the Sino-Korean border.

  • April, 1955

    Information on the Situation in the DPRK

    Soviet diplomats Fedorenko and Ponomarev report on a wide range of issues involving North Korea, including agriculture, industry, and economic conditions in the DPRK, relations with China and the Soviet Union, and the situation in South Korea.

  • April 06, 1955

    The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea

    Suzdalev comments on the problems with a KWP CC document, "The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea".

  • April 13, 1955

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Dr. László Keresztes, Chargé d’Affaires ad interim at the Hungarian embassy in the DPRK, which talks about a conversation he had with Soviet Counselor A.M. Petrov. Keresztes sharply criticizes the secrecy and force that is utilized by the North Korean government and talks especially about the unreasonable economic conditions which exist in the DPRK.

  • July 12, 1955

    Synopsis of the Political Report of the Soviet Embassy in the DPRK for 1955

    The Soviet Embassy provides a synopsis on the political report of the DPRK regarding its economic and domestic political situation, foreign policy, the Embassy's work, and general concluding remarks.

  • October 27, 1955

    Shanghai Municipal Committee Comments on the Municipal Committee State Enterprise Department’s ‘Report on the Working Conditions of North Korean Trainees in this Municipality’s Factories'

    Transmission of the Municipal Committee State Enterprise Department’s report on actions of humiliation and mockery of North Korean trainees, October 8, 1955.