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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 04, 1954

    Chinese-North Korean Agreement Regarding North Korean Technical Personnel Studying in China and Chinese Technical Personnel Working in North Korea

    An agreement between China and North Korea concluded in Beijing on November 23, 1953, regarding North Korean technical personnel studying in China and Chinese technical personnel working in North Korea and meant to strengthen bilateral friendship and further develop bilateral cooperation in production technology.

  • September 29, 1954

    Report from the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the Activity of the Embassy, September 29, 1954, written by comrade Victor Florescu, Second Secretary of the Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang

    A report from the Romanian Embassy in North Korea to the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs details the current states of affairs in North Korea in autumn 1954, mostly discussing the question of Korean unification, as well as prisoner exchange, North Korean economic conditions, inter-Korean relations, and North Korea's relations with China and Japan.

  • 1955

    The Main Issues for the Conversation with the Korean Comrades

    A Soviet memorandum containing recommendations for North Korea's political and economic development as well as foreign policy.

  • March 27, 1955

    Cable from the State Council, 'On the System of Travel between Northeast China and Korea'

    China and North Korea agree to stricter regulations on citizens crossing the Sino-Korean border.

  • April, 1955

    Information on the Situation in the DPRK

    Soviet diplomats Fedorenko and Ponomarev report on a wide range of issues involving North Korea, including agriculture, industry, and economic conditions in the DPRK, relations with China and the Soviet Union, and the situation in South Korea.

  • April 06, 1955

    The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea

    Suzdalev comments on the problems with a KWP CC document, "The Nature of Our Revolution at the Current Stage and the Primary Tasks of Our Party in the Cause of Socialist Development in North Korea".

  • April 13, 1955

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Dr. László Keresztes, Chargé d’Affaires ad interim at the Hungarian embassy in the DPRK, which talks about a conversation he had with Soviet Counselor A.M. Petrov. Keresztes sharply criticizes the secrecy and force that is utilized by the North Korean government and talks especially about the unreasonable economic conditions which exist in the DPRK.

  • July 12, 1955

    Synopsis of the Political Report of the Soviet Embassy in the DPRK for 1955

    The Soviet Embassy provides a synopsis on the political report of the DPRK regarding its economic and domestic political situation, foreign policy, the Embassy's work, and general concluding remarks.

  • October 27, 1955

    Shanghai Municipal Committee Comments on the Municipal Committee State Enterprise Department’s ‘Report on the Working Conditions of North Korean Trainees in this Municipality’s Factories'

    Transmission of the Municipal Committee State Enterprise Department’s report on actions of humiliation and mockery of North Korean trainees, October 8, 1955.

  • December 26, 1955

    The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (A Brief Memorandum)

    A memorandum reviewing both Koreas' economic conditions and respective political makeups after the Korean War, and reconstruction efforts and agricultural shortages in North Korea.

  • January 20, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 20 January 1956

    Kim Il Sung tells Ivanov that he is interested in having Korean scientists work in nuclear research. Chinese Ambassador Pang Zili informs Ivanov about China’s position on the Swedish-Swiss Neutral Commission.

  • January 27, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 27-29 January 1956

    Ivanov visits the DPRK headquarters of the People’s Volunteer Army of China. Commanding General Yang Yong gives him and his entourage a tour of the facilities and points out the DPRK's shortage of aircraft equipment.

  • April, 1956

    Memo from K. Koval to the CPSU CC, on Soviet provision of postwar aid to the DPRK

    Describes in detail the progress made as of January 1956 on the DPRK-USSR agreement that the USSR provide postwar aid from 1953 to 1957. Also lists free aid provided by China and other socialist states.

  • April 20, 1956

    Ciphered telegram, excerpt from cable from Soviet Ambassador to the PRC P. Yudin re meeting with Mao Zedong

    Excerpt of telegram from P. Yudin, Soviet Ambassador to the PRC, reporting to Moscow on a conversation he had with Mao Zedong. Mao allegedly stated that there had been miscalculations prior to the commencement of the Korean War that international actors would not intervene on behalf of South Korea.

  • August 04, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Charge d’ Affaires of the Chinese Embassy Qiao Xiaoguang

    A memorandum of conversation between Qiao Xiaoguang of the Chinese Embassy and Petrov of Soviet Embassy in North Korea about the DPRK government delegation's visit to the USSR.

  • September 03, 1956

    Letter from Ri Sang-jo to N.S. Khrushchev

    Ri Sang-jo urges Khrushchev to send a Sino-Soviet delegation to intervene in the aftermath of the August KWP CC Plenum.

  • September 04, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with the Ambassador of the Peoples Republic of China to the DPRK Qiao Xiaoguang

    Ambassador Ivanov in the DPRK speaks with PRC Ambassador on the four Koreans who spoke against Kim Il Sung that are being held at the Chinese border. Ivanov states that the Soviet Union is against criticizing Kim Il Sung.

  • September 05, 1956

    Letter from Seo Hwi, Yun Gong-heum, Li Pil-gyu, and Kim Gwan to the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee

    Seo Hwi, Yun Gong-heum, Li Pil-gyu, and Kim Gwan provide a detailed report on the events of the August Incident and the days leading up to the plenum. The four justify their actions and request the support of the Chinese Communist Party.

  • September 10, 1956

    Memorandum of a Conversation with DPRK Ambassador to the USSR Ri Sang-jo

    Ri Sang-jo expresses to Shcherbakov his concerns about the problems within the Korean Workers' Party and indicates that external help is needed.

  • September 16, 1956

    Cable from Cde. Mikoyan from Beijing concerning the 8th CCP Congress and Conversations with the Chinese Comrades

    Mikoyan reports on a conversation with Mao Zedong concerning purges within the Korean Workers' Party and Kim Il Sung's leadership style.