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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 27, 1979

    Soviet Foreign Ministry Circular to Soviet Ambassadors on the Situation in Afghanistan, Instructions for Meeting with Heads of Government

    'Outside Interference' in Afghan affairs lead Soviet officials to provide limited military aid and supplies in order to stabilize Afghanistan. Soviets, in pointing to a time-table for their involvement, stated that they would leave Afghanistan as soon as the foreign interference no longer exists.

  • December 27, 1979

    Cable to the Soviet Representative at the UN on the Development of the Situation in Afghanistan

    This document provides a statement to the UN Security Council, explaining the Soviet position on Afghanistan. The Soviets justify involvement in Afghan affairs--citing UN Article 51, which, in the context of this document, legalizes national defense efforts in response to the presence of outside forces.

  • December 27, 1979

    Message to Soviet Ambassadors on the Invasion of Afghanistan, Attachment to CPSU Politburo Decree #177

    The violent actions by the DRA, led by H. Amin, to de-stabilize the Afghan government, dissolving the gains made in the April Revolution, causes the Soviet Union to place military detachments in Afghanistan.

  • December 27, 1979

    Declaration of the CC CPSU to the Party Leadership concerning the Situation in Afghanistan, Attachment to CPSU Politburo Protocol #177

    The CC CPSU states that the removal of N. M Taraki, and the rise of H. Amin to political leadership in Afghanistan bolstered counterrevolutionaries. The CC CPSU approved a small military force to stabilize the country, supporting the regional and international interests of Soviet involvement in Afghanistan. The message is sent to the Members and Candidate Members of the CC CPSU, the Members of the CPSU Central Auditing Commission, the CC of the Communist Parties Of Union Republics, Kray Committees, and Oblast Committees of the Party, The Moscow City Committee of the CPSU, the Leningrad City Committee of the CPSU, and the Main Political Directorate of the Soviet Army and Soviet Navy.

  • December 27, 1979

    Soviet Foreign Ministry Circular Cable to Soviet Ambassadors on the Situation in Afghanistan, Instructions for Meeting with Communist Party Leaders

    This document reveals the struggles facing Soviet forces in Afghanistan. Local individuals reacted negatively to outside Soviet involvement, which threatened to overturn the results of the April Revolution. Also, Soviets believed that the CIA, and Beijing’s leadership, were attempting to de-stabilize Afghanistan.

  • December 27, 1979

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Cuba A.S. Seletskii and Jose Antonio Arbesu, Head of the USA sector of the Cuban Communist Party Central Committee

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador to Cuba and Head of the USA sector of the Cuban Communist Party Central Committee about the US-Cuban relations

  • December 28, 1979

    Soviet Communication to the Hungarian Leadership on the Events in Afghanistan

    This document provides an overview of the Soviets concern regarding instability in Afghanistan. Such an unstable state of affairs was the basis for Soviet invasion into Afghanistan; Hungary's support is requested.

  • December 28, 1979

    Meeting of Prime Minister Botha and Bishop Muzorewa

    Discuss presence of South African forces and whether this issue could potential hurt Bishop Muzorewa in the upcoming election

  • December 29, 1979

    CPSU CC Memo with Excerpt from Protocol #177/220, 29 December 1979

    This memo includes the response of Brezhnev to President Carter's address concerning Afghanistan and US-Soviet relations.

  • December 29, 1979

    Excerpt from the Minutes of the CC CPSU Politburo Meeting, 'Reply to an appeal of President Carter about the issue of Afghanistan through the direct communications channel'

    Soviet letter to US President Jimmy Carter responding to the US position on the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The CC CPSU Politburo informs the White House that the Soviet leadership desires to maintain detente with the US and that the intervention of Soviet troops was done at the request of the Afgan leadership, under Article 51 of the UN charter.

  • December 30, 1979

    Ciphered Telegram from Bulgarian Embassy in Kabul, 30 December 1979

    This document provides a statement Babrak Karmal's commitment to Afghan political party solidarity in the face of elements which attempted to de-stabilize his nation's democratic regime.

  • December 31, 1979

    Telegram, From Salisbury, Priorite Secextern Pretoria, Funds Needed for Mawena

    Mawena needs extra funding to convince Karanga people that could be used against Mugabe in upcoming election. Great opportunity to act now because suspicion exists that Mugabe is responsible for the killing of Tongagara, a Karanga.

  • December 31, 1979

    Report on the Situation in Afghanistan, Gromyko, Andropov, Ustinov, and Ponomarev to CPSU CC, 27-28 December 1979

    Andropov Gromyko Ustinov Ponomarev Report on Events in Afghanistan on 27-28 December 1979 regarding the crisis in Afghanistan and the overthrow of Amin’s oppressive regime with the help of Soviet troops

  • 1980

    Military Exercise Appendix No. 8: Combat Ready Men and Equipment of the Warsaw Pact Countries' Air Defense in the Maritime Sector

    This document details the composition of Warsaw Pact air forces.

  • 1980

    The Korean Workers’ Party’ 6th Congress

    Note on the Hungarian Socialist Workers’ Party's participation at the KWP congress.

  • 1980

    Report to the Political Bureau on the Korean Workers’ Party’s 6th Congress and on the celebrations of the 35th anniversary of the foundation of the KWP

    Handwritten note on the location of the materials regarding KWP Congress

  • 1980

    Soviet Political Cartoon, 'Passing the Baton'

    Political cartoon from the Soviet satirical magazine Krokodil. A female character labeled "Cold War" accepts a flaming relay torch with burning letters reading "Boycott Olympics" passed by a figure representing the United States. Underneath is the caption, "the boycott has one goal: to kindle the Cold War," a quote from the famous Soviet author Sergey Mikhalkov.

  • 1980

    Communist Unions in Lebanon

    Information on various workers’ unions in Lebanon, including membership lists of the printers, builders, chefs, hotel/restaurant workers and more.

  • 1980

    Organization of the Lebanese Communist Party

    Document discusses the organization/structure of the Lebanese Communist Party.

  • 1980

    Communist Covert Activities

    Document describes Communist Activities in Lebanon and Syria, international communications between Lebanese and Syrian communists and other Arab countries, Turkey, and Iran.