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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 23, 1986

    State Department Cable 229696 to US Embassy France et al., 'Visit of Pakistani Primin Mohammad Khan Junejo to Washington – 15-18 July 1986'

    A State Department Cable detailing the visit of Pakistani Prime Minister Mohammad Khan Junejo to Washington D.C. According to administration officials, Junejo was “astute and well briefed” and professed to be responsive to the U.S. emphasis on the “absolute criticality” of “restraint” in Pakistani nuclear activities. In meetings with the press, Junejo “specifically affirmed” commitment not to enrich uranium above the five percent level.

  • July 24, 1986

    Saddam Hussein and Ba'ath Party Members Discussing the Status of the Party in the Arab World and Potential Cooperation with the Muslim Brotherhood

    This file contains a meeting between Saddam and the members of the Ba'ath Party in all the Arab countries. Saddam talked about the role of the Ba'ath Party in controlling the Islamic current in the whole Islamic world and the Arab countries. He said that it isn't a profitable trend to contend with these currents, but rather to negotiate with them and try to persuade them that it is inevitable and better to separate between religious thought and command. He talked about the current of the Muslim Brotherhood movement. He stressed that this movement must be exploited to be an ally rather than an enemy. This movement and others similar to it must be persuaded to work with the Ba'ath Party and not against it.

  • July 28, 1986

    List of Information Subject to Classification concerning Questions Associated with the Accident at Unit Nº 4 of the Chernobyl AEhS (ChAEhS)

    An archival summary of the level of secrecy attached to various types of information about the Chernobyl NPP accident, the vast majority of which are classified as "Secret."

  • July 30, 1986

    Memorandum of Conversation between Oliver Tambo and Angel Dalmau, 'Conversación de Dalmau con Oliver Tambo el 22 de julio de 1986 en el sur de la RDA. Aspectos políticos,' enclosed in Risquet to Castro

    Oliver Tambo was the president of the ANC; Angel Dalmau was a senior staff member of the Central Committee of the Cuban Communist Party working on southern Africa.

  • July 31, 1986

    Arnaldo Ochoa, Report on Visit to Angola, 'Informe sobre la visita de trabajo en la RPA'

    General Arnaldo Ochoa, Cuba’s deputy minister of defense in charge of military missions abroad, reports on his visit to Angola in late June 1986.

  • August, 1986

    Lieutenant-General S. N. Mukha to Army General V. M. Chebrikov, 'On Inadequacies in the Organization of the Use of Military Personnel involved in the Elimination of the Consequences of the Accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Energy Station'

    A report on how military personnel involved in the response to the Chernobyl accident are being improperly managed at the site, leading to inefficiencies in the cleanup process.

  • August, 1986

    Committee for State Security (KGB), 'About Results of Intelligence Activities to Note Indicators for a Surprise Nuclear Missile Attack'

    This report from the KGB contains results from intelligence activities conducted in August 1986 aimed at exposing indicators of a surprise nuclear missile attack on the USSR.

  • August 05, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Consequences of US-Libya conflict'

    A comprehensive analysis of the possible consequences of U.S. airstrikes in Libya in the short- , medium-, and long-term. Key themes include the impact on inter-allied relations, reaction from Arab countries, terrorism, and superpower relations.

  • August 05, 1986

    Memorandum of Conversation between Craxi and Armacost

    Diplomatic advisor Antonio Badini's report from the meeting between Craxi and Armacost regarding international terrorism, situation in Libya and Syria, and deterioration of East-West relations.

  • August 08, 1986

    Newspaper Article, 'Serra Do Cachimbo May Be Nuclear Test Site'

    This newspaper article discusses an underground nuclear test site being built at Serra do Cachimbo for the Brazilian military and claims that production of a nuclear weapon was "already under way." President Sarney denied the report.

  • August 15, 1986

    Report Memo from S. Mukha to Comrade A.P. Liashko, 'On the Reliability of Measures taken for Dosimetric Inspection of Contaminated Environment and Food Products'

    The document refers to the multifaceted work of ministries and departments of the USSR in the aftermath of the Chernobyl accident and recommends numerous new to reduce environmental, food, and water contamination.

  • August 19, 1986

    Transcript No. 14, § 3, Annex, 'Measures Regarding the Intensification of Patriotic and Internationalist Education of the Population of the Republic, the Fight against Manifestations of Nationalism'

    The Moldavian Communist Party lists measures to be taken to combat Romanian nationalist propaganda, assigning various tasks and deadlines to numerous government divisions and cultural organizations.

  • August 19, 1986

    Transcript No. 14 of the Meeting of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the Moldavian Communist Party

    Meeting of the Moldavian Communist Party in which they discuss measures to combat Romanian nationalist propaganda in Moldavia. The MCP cited a “recent” and “abrupt intensification of bourgeois and revisionist propaganda operations,” fully supported by a “series of historians, publicists and means of mass information from the Socialist Republic of Romania,” and by Romanian tourists who, “educated in the spirit of nationalist and chauvinist calumnies of Romanian bourgeois and revisionist historiography,” try to spread their ideas among the population of the republic

  • August 27, 1986

    Comprehensive Plan of cooperation of USSR KGB 1st Main Directorate Departments with the 1st Directorate of the CSSR FMVD concerning the organization of agent operational work in the countries of the Near East between 1986 and 1990

    Cooperative agreement with a focus on shared intelligence work in the "Near East against the US, Britain, the FRG, France, and the other NATO countries, and also against Israel, the Arab countries, and Arab political forces and organizations."

  • August 28, 1986

    KGB’s Report Operational Disorder in Organizing Activities Aimed at Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster Elimination

    This document describes the deficiencies which were made in activities aimed at overlapping of Chernobyl disaster’s consequences. These deficiencies could lead to new victims because the security rules of handling with dangerous radioactive materials were broken.

  • August 30, 1986

    Order from the Chair of the Committee of State Security [KGB] of the USSR, 'On Measures to Strengthen the Counter-Intelligence Work at Atomic Energy Units in connection with the Accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Energy Station'

    The Chairman lists a series of directives and responses to the Chernobyl incident, addressed to different levels of KGB cadre, discussing ways to strengthen standards at nuclear power facilities, calling for increased responsibility for the failure of local KGB staff to inform the central command on plant issues, recommending that specialists be pulled in to ensure the safety of nuclear facilities going forward, and implementing more intense oversight at all nuclear plants and scientific research facilities to ensure that issues which may lead to accidents are known.

  • September, 1986

    Committee for State Security (KGB), 'About Results of Intelligence Activities to Note Indicators for a Surprise Nuclear Missile Attack'

    This report from the KGB contains results from intelligence activities conducted in September 1986 aimed at exposing indicators of a surprise nuclear missile attack on the USSR.

  • September 03, 1986

    Division X of the Hauptverwaltung Aufklärung (HVA/X) of the Ministry of State Security (MfS), 'Plan for Common and Coordinated Active MEasures of the Intelligence Organs of the MOI of the PR Bulgaria and the MfS of the GDR for 1987 and 1988'

    HVA/X of the East German Ministry of State Security seeks cooperation with the Bulgarian Internal Affairs and State Security ministries to "prove that AIDS originated in the USA."

  • September 05, 1986

    Theses for the talks of First Secretary Wojciech Jaruzelski with Deng Xiaoping

    Key points are provided for several major topics considered likely to be addressed during the talks of Deng Xiaoping and Wojciech Jaruzelski. Most notable are comments about the direction of Polish foreign policy and the Polish views of Chinese foreign policy.

  • September 08, 1986

    Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence, 'President Sarney and Brazil’s Nuclear Policy'

    A Directorate of Intelligence analysis, prepared in 1986, provides an interesting contrast with excisions in the NIEs on the indigenous program; it includes details on the major Navy, Air Force, and Army components of the indigenous program, including the nuclear submarine objective. As with the NIEs, the authors of this report saw no “political decision” on nuclear weapons and further noted President Sarney’s public statements against a weapons program. But a piece of political intelligence initially excised from this report suggested, rightly or wrongly, that Sarney may have been personally ambivalent.