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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • August 03, 1981

    Transcript of the Meeting Between Comrade L.I. Brezhnev and Comrade E. Honecker at the Crimea on 3 August 1981 (excerpt)

    Brezhnev and Honecker discuss issues related to Poland, including the need for stabilization of the Polish crisis and the composition of the new Politburo.

  • August 13, 1981

    Activities of Iranian Left Extremist Groups in West Berlin

    A report from a "trusted informal collaborator" claims that Iranian leftist groups will seek to enter East German to protest or attack the embassy of Iran.

  • August 14, 1981

    Report on Diplomatic Actions Taken Concerning Foreign, Nuclear-Related Supplies to Pakistan, Richard L. Williamson, Arms Control Disarmament Agency (ACDA)

    ACDA report on the lasting effects of the November 1978 demarches on inverters and plutonium reprocessing technology. Describes the objectives of the demarches and the direct effects on the Pakistani nuclear program, including preventing the shipment of equipment from France, West Germany, Norway, and Switzerland. Concludes with an overview of international norms of nuclear commerce.

  • August 14, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'The Current Political Situation in Poland; Polish Ministry of Defense Plans for the Possible Introduction of Martial Law'

    Translated report discusses how the increased presence of Solidarnosc (Solidarity) warrants the introduction of martial law. However, it affirms that no formal steps to introducing martial law have been taken.

  • August 18, 1981

    Letter from South African Foreign Minister R. F. Botha on Relations with the Reagan Administration

    Letter from South African Foreign Minister "Pik" Botha to South African Member of Parliament J.W.K. Wiley on relations with the United States. He notes that there has been a considerable change in policy since the Reagan administration took over from Carter, summarizing that "the Americans are not at present trying to make trouble for us," although that may change if progress is not made on South West Africa, i.e. Namibia.

  • August 18, 1981

    Telegram from Czechoslovak Embassy in Addis Ababa

    Prague’s representation to Addis Ababa offers an insight into the Soviet Union’s economic assistance toward Ethiopia in the early 1980s, while voicing, at the same time, the Soviet economic delegation’s nuanced and candid impression of Mengistu’s abilities to control the course of the revolutionary transformations.

  • August 20, 1981

    Acting Special Assistant for Nuclear Proliferation Intelligence, National Foreign Assessment Center, to Director and Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, 'Warning Report-Nuclear Proliferation'

    In response to an IAEA report that Pakistan diverted plutonium from the Karachi nuclear power plant, a CIA analysis suggests that the Pakistanis “were not overly concerned” about these events. Of greater concern to regional security and stability was the discussions of the sale of F-16 fighter-bombers as part of a U.S. aid package to ensure Pakistan’s cooperation in the covert efforts against Soviet troops in Afghanistan.

  • August 21, 1981

    Memorandum from John Stein to the Director of Central Intelligence, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation of a document the Polish government intended to circulate should martial law be announced.

  • August 22, 1981

    Col. Horia Brestoiu and Lt. Col. Ioan Ciobanu, No. 0620/0013646

    Report about Abu Nidal and his work developing the revolutionary group Al Fatah.

  • August 22, 1981

    Notes from Brezhnev's Meeting with Stanislaw Kania and Wojciech Jaruzelski, 14 August 1981

    In this meeting, Brezhnev expresses anxiety about Poland's path, especially since it has deteriorated since Congress when it was expected to improve. Kania says that the political crisis can be overcome and that theyare seizing the initiative. Brezhnev insists that they will soon face off with the enemy, and there is still the opportunity to mobilize and rebuff the counterrevolution. Brezhnev concludes that large scale political action is the most feasible way to turn Poland to socialism.

  • August 24, 1981

    Soviet position on the Declaration of the Afghan Government

    This statement demonstrates the DRA's focus to participate in international affairs. The DRA commits itself to the policy of non-alignment, while discussing possible settlements of the situation in Afghanistan which involve the United Nations.

  • August 25, 1981

    Memorandum from [Redacted] to the Director of Central Intelligence, 'Martial Law in Poland'

    Memorandum outlining Poland's martial law plan, whether it could work, and the attitudes of Polish leadership.

  • August 30, 1981

    Conversation with Afghan Leader Babrak Karmal Regarding the Situation in the 'Center' Zone

    The General Consul is asked to approve an ultimatum which would allow Soviet forces to psychologically influence the rebels, and secondly, provide a way to warn the civilian population.

  • September 01, 1981

    A Report by Soviet Military Intelligence

    Soviet Military Intelligence assess the equipment provided to Afghan counterrevolutionaries by the US, Britian, Egypt, and Pakistan.

  • September, 1981

    Letter from Former Israeli Central Command Head Yonah Efrat to South African Defence Minister Magnus Malan

    In an undated, handwritten personal letter, Yonah Efrat writes to South African Defence Minsiter Magnus Malan regarding the visit of South African Chief of Staff Viljoen.

  • September 04, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, '[Redacted] Report'

    Translation from a Defense Committee chaired by General Jaruzelski addressing the rising threat of Solidarnosc and other threats to national security.

  • September 09, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'New Draft Decree on Martial Law; Current Situation in Poland'

    Memorandum explains of a newly drafted decree of martial law, and increasing tensions between military leadership and Solidarnosc.

  • September 10, 1981

    Session of the CPSU CC Politburo, 10 September 1981 (excerpt)

    The Soviet Politburo discusses dissent within Poland and the loss of power of the communist party in Poland.

  • September 11, 1981

    PGU Information on the Anti-Socialist Campaign in the West After the Assassination Attempt Against John Paul II

  • September 11, 1981

    Memorandum from Clair George to the Secretaries of State and Defense and Director of the National Security Agency, 'Current Plans for the Introduction of Martial Law in Poland'

    Explains that if Solidarnosc leads a general strike or provokes a confrontation, it will be met with the implementation of martial law.