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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 03, 1986

    Deputy Head of the 6th Department of the KGB Administration Lieut. Col. Aksenov, 'Notice of Emergency Incident'

    This note explains the processes of localizing the effects of the accident, lead deposits in the area, and the evacuation of collective farms and the city of Chernobyl.

  • May 04, 1986

    KGB’s Report on Options of Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster Elimination

    Physicists at the Academy of Sciences give advice for containing the Chernobyl nuclear disaster.

  • May 06, 1986

    Ministry of State Security (Stasi), 'Report on Development and Achieved State of Work Regarding Early Recognition of Adversarial Attack and Surprise Intentions (Complex RYAN)'

    This report by Ministry of State Security describes developments and achievements toward early recognition of a surprise nuclear missile attack on the USSR (Complex RYAN).

  • May 07, 1986

    Minutes of Meeting of the Operative Group of the Kiev Party City Committee Office, 7 May 1986

    This document details the various forms of radiation protection undertaken in and around the city of Kiev following the Chernobyl disaster.

  • May 08, 1986

    Notice: Information from Places of Evacuation

    Two weeks after the accident, an unnamed KGB officer from the Ukrainian SSR reports on the situation in evacuation sites, the sentiment of local people, the situation in transportation hubs and at key industrial facilities in Kyiv, as well as about the measures taken to prevent foreign journalists from gathering information about the case.

  • May 12, 1986

    Untitled notice on public attitudes toward the Chernobyl accident

    The document lists public responses to Chernobyl, citing a Ukrainian professor who attributed the accident to a Russian desire to exterminate Ukrainians, former members of underground Ukrainian Nationalist movements (OUN) expressing sympathy to those affected, and how several truck drivers refused to drive in area of the plant, choosing to quit their jobs instead.

  • May 16, 1986

    Report on Radiation Situation. Secret. Signed by Experts A.V. Produnov and G.V. Yeremin

    Radiation levels in Pripyat and the surrounding area following the Chernobyl nuclear disaster.

  • May 16, 1986

    Conversation between the Secretary of the CC CPSU A.N. Yakovlev with the Secretary of the CC KWP Hwang Jang-yeop

    Conversation between the Secretary of the CC CPSU A.N. Yakovlev with the Secretary of the CC KWP Hwang Jang-yeop

  • May 21, 1986

    VCh Message from Moscow, dated 18:20, 21 May 1986

    Sent by Deputy Minister Shchepin, the telegram states that those who are under observation for radiation exposure, but who do not show signs of serious radiation sickness, will be discharged with a diagnosis of “vegetative-vascular dystonia”. Those who have been diagnosed with radiation poisoning of higher degrees will be given the diagnosis “serious radiation sickness from associated exposure to radiation” with notes on its level of severity and specific details of complications, including radiation burns.

  • May 23, 1986

    Preliminary Report on Radiation Levels in Lithuania Following the Chernobyl Accident

    Report from the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences on radiation levels detected in May 1986 following the Chernobyl nuclear accident. Both atmospheric tests and tests of food products like milk and honey showed elevated levels of radiation and radioactive isotopes which were “dangerous to the health of the population.”

  • May 26, 1986

    Letter from President Reagan to Prime Minister Bettino Craxi

    Unofficial translation of correspondence between PM Craxi and President Reagan regarding strategic arms limitations and deterrence. Reagan outlines the planned US measures given lack of effort and willingness by the USSR to arrive to a binding agreement.

  • May 26, 1986

    Report on Conversation between Prof. Manfred Gerlach and Kim Il Sung

    Report on the warm reception of Professor Manfred Gerlach by Kim Il Sung. Topics discussed include gratitude for Kim's reception in the GDR; Kim's desire for a reciprocal visit by Honecker; the need to further wide relations between the DPRK and GDR; and the unrest in South Korea.

  • May 27, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    This brief note points to a disagreement between the United States and Italy in regards to use of military bases that needs to be further discussed.

  • May 28, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Libya'

    The document describes the state of economic and trade relations between Italy and Libya focusing on acquisitions of crude oil. A short section also discusses American interests in Libya.

  • May 28, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Reagan's letter to the Prime Minister about issues related to SALT II (dated 26th May 1986)'

    Analysis by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding Reagan's (May 26, 1986) letter to PM Craxi. It discusses intended American responses to Soviet violation of SALT II treaty, and calls for consultations with NATO member states.

  • May 29, 1986

    Embassy Islamabad Cable 11791 to Department of State, 'Nuclear: Solarz Conversation with GOP'

    The year after Congress passed the Solarz amendment in August 1985, Rep. Stephen Solarz (D-CA) traveled to Pakistan, a country that would become a major test case for the amendment which cut off U.S. foreign aid to recipients. Solarz confronted General Zia and other top officials with his perception, based on U.S. intelligence, that Pakistan’s Kahuta plant was enriching weapons-grade enriched uranium. The Pakistanis strenuously denied the charge.

  • May 31, 1986

    Telegram by the Italian Embassy in Ottawa to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ''Ministerial Atlantic Council in Halifax - East West relationship / Problems related to SALT II'

    Telegram from Italian Ambassador to Canada to the Foreign Ministry recounting the motives behind president Reagan's decision to abandon the SALT II treaty, as provided by Secretary of State George P. Schultz at at the Atlantic Council of Ministers.

  • May 31, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Libya'

    Brief note about the current position of Italy vis-a-vis Libya. Although state-supported terrorism in Libya should be fought, it is important to avoid escalating the antagonistic sentiments and pushing Libya to align with the USSR.

  • June 09, 1986

    Memorandum of Conversation between Jorge Risquet and Joe Slovo

    Jorge Risquet was Castro’s point man for Angola; Joe Slovo was the general secretary of the South African Communist Party and the chief of staff of Umkontho We Sizwe , the military wing of the ANC.

  • June 10, 1986

    Memorandum of the Two-Day Meeting between the Two Korean National Olympic Committees and the International Olympic Committee on June 10-11, 1986

    Memorandum of negotiations between the NOCs of the Republic of Korea and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the IOC in Lausanne from June 10-11, 1986.