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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 20, 1985

    Memorandum of Conversation between Raúl Castro and Mikhail Gorbachev

    Raúl Castro was Cuba’s defense minister; Mikhail Gorbachev was the General Secretary of the Communist party of the Soviet Union.

  • March 26, 1985

    Information from Gen. V. Kotzev on Turkish Leftist Group Activity

  • April 08, 1985

    Letter, First Secretary of the PPI Central Committee A. Khavari to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

    Official Request from PPI First Secretary Ali Khavari to allow Forugian to take a special study course.

  • April 09, 1985

    Information from Col. R. Toshkov on Terrorist Groups in Turkey

  • April 17, 1985

    Report of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq on the development of the Iraqi-American relationship in 1985

    This report issued by the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq discusses the declining importance of the Iran-Iraq War for the United States and the need for the superpowers to mediate the conflict in order to focus on broader aspects of their relations.

  • April 19, 1985

    Information from Gen. A. Mussakov on Realization of the Instruction on Disinformation Activities

  • April 24, 1985

    Address by Willy Brandt before the Council on Foreign Relations

    Willy Brandt speaks about East-West relations, specifically focusing on what he views as U.S. misconceptions about nuclear arms, and the concept of Common Security.

  • April 30, 1985

    Information to the Chief of DEC, 'Nuclear Energy. Brazil-Argentina Relations.'

    The document reports the Brazilian government’s concern in regard to President Alfonsín’s imminent proposal to create a mechanism of regional nuclear control in Latin America.

  • May 01, 1985

    Letter from R.F. Botha to Lt-Col Manuel Rodrigues

    Letter from R. F. "Pik" Botha to the Angolan Minister of the Interior, decrying the movement of SWAPO militants into South African territory and the Angolan anti-South African propaganda campaign. Urges Angola to end the propaganda and to ensure that SWAPO attacks are not planned or executed from Angolan territory.

  • May 02, 1985

    Minutes of Conversation: Todor Zhivkov – Daniel Ortega Saavedra on the Situation in Central America and Bulgarian Aid to Nicaragua

  • May 03, 1985

    Letter by the Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, to the President of the United States of America, Reagan

    Brandt writes to Reagan briefly about German-American relations and the need for President Reagan to meet with German Chancellor.

  • May 13, 1985

    Memorandum from the Argentine General Directorate for Nuclear Affairs and Disarmament, 'Cooperation with Brazil in the Field of Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy'

    This memo from the Argentine General Directorate of Nuclear Affairs and Disarmament to the South America Directorate proposes a joint Argentine-Brazilian declaration on the peaceful use of nuclear weapons. Rejecting the establishment of IAEA safeguards, the memo instead suggests a "mutual guarantee mechanism" based on cooperation and inspections on a case by case basis.

  • May 14, 1985

    Memorandum No 294/85 from Ambassador Saracho to the Secretary of State Jorge Sábato, 'Cooperation with Brazil on Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy'

    The memo produced by the General Directory of Nuclear and Disarmament Issues of the Argentine Foreign Ministry presents a strategy in regard to Brazil in the nuclear area, considering the meetings between Dante Caputo and Olavo Setúbal between 20 and 21 May 1985 in Buenos Aires. Argentina presented the regime of mutual inspections as the most important aspect.

  • May 15, 1985

    Czechoslovak Translation of Soviet Report on the Sixth Round of Soviet-Chinese Consultations in Moscow

    This report on Soviet-Chinese consultations in Moscow includes Soviet proposals to improve the relationship with China, including the establishment of a military expert commission on border questions. However, the Chinese delegation insists that the Soviet Union cease supporting Mongolia, Afghanistan, Vietnam, and Cambodia. The author concludes that mutual cooperation has not been substantially improved as a result of the consultations.

  • May 23, 1985

    Letter by Permanent Representative to NATO Sergio Romano to the Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ruggiero

    A brief report about a meeting between Minister of Defense Spadolini and Secretary of Defense Weinberger. The two discuss opportunities for cooperation and interchange in the fields of SDI and conventional armaments.

  • May 24, 1985

    Report by Ambassador Petrignani to the Minister of Foreign Affairs Andreotti

    A detailed account of a meeting between Ambassador Petrignani and General Abrahamson, Director of SDI. Petrignani discloses the different elements of the SDI discussed, including the importance of SDI in modern deterrence, Soviet progress in strategic derfense, existing challenges with the SDI, and potential European participation.

  • June 06, 1985

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'State of the Alliance'

    After the installation of INF in Western Europe, NATO's focus has returned to the issue of burden sharing. The US has demonstrated its dissatisfaction with the European contribution, and pressure to strengthen European defense is mounting.

  • June 06, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Security and disarmament'

    A detailed account of the developments in the Strategic Defense Initiative, ABM treaty, and negotiations between the superpowers. The document also assesses the ongoing negotiations on the ban of Chemical Weapons.

  • June 06, 1985

    Report on Italian-Soviet Talks in Lisbon

    A short (untitled) document that summarizes the topics addressed in the Italo-Soviet talks in Lisbon and re-caps the key positions adopted by the two parties.

  • June 06, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Cooperation in the field of production of armaments (CNAD and IEPG)'

    Description of the current state of transatlantic cooperation in production and procurement of armaments. The US wants to give new impetus to high level talks, but Italians would prefer re-launching WEU to avoid France, UK, and Germany dominating the European side.