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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 24, 1986

    Saddam Hussein and Ba'ath Party Members Discussing the Status of the Party in the Arab World and Potential Cooperation with the Muslim Brotherhood

    This file contains a meeting between Saddam and the members of the Ba'ath Party in all the Arab countries. Saddam talked about the role of the Ba'ath Party in controlling the Islamic current in the whole Islamic world and the Arab countries. He said that it isn't a profitable trend to contend with these currents, but rather to negotiate with them and try to persuade them that it is inevitable and better to separate between religious thought and command. He talked about the current of the Muslim Brotherhood movement. He stressed that this movement must be exploited to be an ally rather than an enemy. This movement and others similar to it must be persuaded to work with the Ba'ath Party and not against it.

  • August 05, 1986

    Memorandum of Conversation between Craxi and Armacost

    Diplomatic advisor Antonio Badini's report from the meeting between Craxi and Armacost regarding international terrorism, situation in Libya and Syria, and deterioration of East-West relations.

  • August 27, 1986

    Comprehensive Plan of cooperation of USSR KGB 1st Main Directorate Departments with the 1st Directorate of the CSSR FMVD concerning the organization of agent operational work in the countries of the Near East between 1986 and 1990

    Cooperative agreement with a focus on shared intelligence work in the "Near East against the US, Britain, the FRG, France, and the other NATO countries, and also against Israel, the Arab countries, and Arab political forces and organizations."

  • September 23, 1986

    Annual Report of the Situation in the Iran-Iraq War

    In the latter half of 1986, the East German Military Attache in Baghdad reports on how the Iran-Iraq War has progressed and where it is going. During the war so far, Iraq's greatest source of imports has been, by far, from the Soviet Union. However, nations like France and Egypt has also been quite helpful.

  • October 13, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'East-West relations'

    The document analyzes the state of East-West relations in the aftermath of the Reykjavik Summit. There appears to be an openness to continuing dialogue by both sides, but many unknowns still persist regarding Europe and the Middle East.

  • November 15, 1986

    Saddam Hussein and His Advisers Discussing Reagan's Speech to the Nation on "Irangate" (Iran-Contra) Revelations (Part 2)

    This file contains a transcript of a meeting led by Saddam Hussein on Ronald Reagan's speech regarding US arms sales to Iran. The participants discuss the arms sales and their rationale, the Iran-Iraq War, the Israeli role in US policy, the Iranian intelligence services, and the state of Iraq's relations with other Arab countries.

  • December 16, 1986

    Report on Detention of a United States Military Attache in Kuwait

    Report on detention of a United States Military Attache in Kuwait while trying to gather information on arms shipments between the Soviet Union and Iraq, via Kuwait.

  • January 21, 1987

    Activities by the Iraqi Embassy to Find Out About Assumed Arms Deals between GDR and Iran

    Information from a source in the Iraqi Embassy on a meeting to discuss the deteriorating relations between Iraq and East Germany. Iraqi officials are suspicious that East Germany is exporting arms or military equipment to Iran, but so far do not have any conclusive evidence.

  • January 22, 1987

    Iraqi Military Manual on the Tactical Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction, Vol. 2 Part 2

    Training manual for the Iraqi armed forces describes tactical uses of nuclear weapons during war. The foreword explains that "It is not unlikely that the Iraqi Army will participate in a future Arab-Israeli war, in which the enemy will resort to the use of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction."

  • February 27, 1987

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Giulio Andreotti (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and Andreotti discuss issues in the Middle East, including Soviet plans in Afghanistan and a possible international conference on the Middle East.

  • March 01, 1987

    Saddam and His Advisers Discussing the Importance of Morale, Mobilizing Popular Support, and Targeting Iranian Cities

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and other unidentified Iraqi Ba'ath party members. The meeting specifically discussed raising morale and mobilizing popular support--including how to discourage retreats from the front. Also includes discussion of chemical weapons.

  • April 14, 1987

    Letter of General Military Intelligence Directorate about Iranian Use of Chemical Weapons on Iraqi Troops

    This file contains a letter from the Secretariat of the General Military Intelligence (GMID) to the General Command of Armed Forces, dated 14 April 1987, pertaining to Iranian use of chemical weapons on Iraqi troops during an attack on 9 April 1987 and 12 April 1987. Additionally includes information that Iran received special chemical materials for production of mustard and tabun gases from North Korea and manufactured some with the support of North Korean experts.

  • April 30, 1987

    Hungarian Foreign Ministry report on the consultation regarding the establishment of a working relationship between the Warsaw Treaty Organization and the Arab League in Prague 27-28 April 1987

    This report issued by the Hungarian Foreign Ministry describes the discussion of relations between the Warsaw Pact countries and the Arab League, which were determined to be unprecedented in Warsaw Pact history and require further consideration.

  • May 22, 1987

    Report of the Hungarian Ambassador in Iran on recent developments of the Iraq-Iran war in 1987

    This report issued by the Hungarian Embassy in Iran describes Iran’s increasing advantage against Iraq in Iran-Iraq War, amidst some domestic opposition to the war, and a continuing controversy over the use of chemical weapons.

  • June 08, 1987

    Stenographic Transcript of the Official talks between Erich Honecker and Zhao Ziyang

    Zhao Ziyang and Honecker discuss economic and political reforms in China, bilateral relations between China and East Germany, attempts to reduce nuclear and chemical weapons stockpiles, and China's attitudes toward the Iran-Iraq War, Japan, the United States, and the Soviet Union.

  • October, 1987

    General Military Intelligence Directorate Memos on Iran's Chemical Weapons Capability and Alleged Use

    Contains memos issued by the General Military Intelligence Directorate (GMID), last dated 6 July 1988, regarding the following issues: The use of chemical weapons by the Iranian Army during the Iran-Iraq War, stating dates and places where they were used; the attempts of Iran to produce chemical weapons relying on the assistance of North Korea, Syria and West Germany; developing some Iranian insecticide factories to be able to produce chemical weapons; types of chemical weapons which are used or produced by Iran, such as mustard Gas, C factor, phosgene factor, white phosphorus, sarin gas. Page 27 contains correspondence by the Iraqi Military Attache Office in Cairo to the GMID, dated 14 September 1988, regarding information received from the Egyptian Intelligence about Iran's attempts to obtain chemical weapons from Spain through mediators and to provide Libya with chemical weapons in return for supplying Scud B missiles.

  • October 04, 1987

    Report of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq on the characteristics of the activity of the opposition forces in Iraq and the reaction of the Iraqi leadership

    This report issued by the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq gives details on the Kurdish and Shi’ite opposition and role in the Iran-Iraq conflict and the prospects of the controlling regime as of 1987.

  • November 30, 1987

    Information on the 20th Session of the Committee of the Ministers of Defense of Warsaw Pact Member States

    Report on the course and results of the 20th Session of the Committee of Ministers of Defense of Warsaw Pact Member States held in Bucharest on November 24-25, 1987.

  • February 22, 1988

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with US Secretary of State G. Shultz

    Gorbachev and Shultz discuss issues in the Middle East, including the Soviet withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan and the Iran-Iraq War.

  • March 24, 1988

    Transcripts from Three Audio Files of a Meeting of the General Command of the Armed Forces

    This file contains transcripts of meeting minutes taken from three tapes, dated 24 March 1988. The tapes include discussions of the Armed Forces General Command with Saddam Hussein and other officials.