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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'UEO - Coordination of the reactions of member countries to the US invitation to take part in the SDI (and attached: Interim Report of the SDI Working Group)'

    The document consists of a report from WEU working group on SDI (in French), and a summary of the WEU member states' positions, and their common efforts to coordinate a unified reaction to the American invitation to participate in SDI.

  • January 01, 1985

    Memorandum, 'Air defense - Patriot system'

    The document provides an assessment of the political and economic implications of Italy's potential participation in the building of the Patriot system.

  • January 01, 1985

    Note from Argentine Ambassador García del Solar to the Argentine Foreign Ministry

    This document reveals an encounter between a U.S. State Department official and an Argentine diplomat in Washington D.C., in which the U.S. diplomat suggests to his Argentine counterpart that the U.S. government would warmly welcome an initiative by Argentina and Brazil regarding mutual inspections as well as a declaration renouncing the right to develop peaceful nuclear explosives.

  • 1985

    Correspondence between Bulgarian State Security and Stasi, 'The Bulgarian Connection' in the Assassination Attempt against John Paul II

    Documents from the Stasi archives on the anti-Bulgarian campaign surrounding the investigation of the assassination attempt.

  • 1985

    Report of a Representative of the USSR Chief of Armed Forces Communications, Developing Modern Communication Systems

    This report summarizes findings and recommendations by the leadership of the Combined Armed Forces of the Warsaw Pact on the issue of improving allied communications systems and equipment. The writer warns that the alliance's communications technology has not kept up with the demands of modern military command and control systems, emphasizing the importance of rapid combat readiness and survivability; the complexity of modern technical systems and equipment; the imperative of maintaining secrecy; and the significance of efficient transmission of information. By integrating advanced technologies within the existing military infrastructure, it is argued, the Warsaw Pact forces will be better equipped to meet these challenges. Suggestions include standardizing equipment across the military, adopting digital formats of information, automating communications, developing technologies immune to the environmental consequences of nuclear explosions, and more.

  • 1985

    Saddam Hussein and His Inner Circle Discussing the United Nations, the Soviet Union, and the United States

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and high ranking Iraqi officials regarding the Iran-Iraq war. They discuss the cease-fire negotiations, the UN Security Council, military and diplomatic issues, and Soviet and US Policy in the region.

  • 1985

    Nuclear Power, Nuclear Weapons: The Deadly Connection

    Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament pamphlet arguing that nuclear power and weapons are inseparable and this inseparability leads to the constant violation of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, which must be severely strengthened to avoid nuclear war.

  • 1985

    Return Address: Moscow, Issue 3

    Bulletin by the Group for Establishing Trust Between the USSR and the USA, an independent peace organization in the Soviet Union. Three issues were editor Sergei Batovrin and published from New York City. They contain news on the peace movement in the Soviet Union and the harassment and imprisonment of activists by the government.

  • January 04, 1985

    Information from Bulgarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Peter Mladenov to the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party

    Bulgarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Peter Mladenov reports on North Korean Foreign Minister, Kim Yeong-nam's visit and discussion with Todor Zhivkov, concerning North Korea's "South-South" initiative for economic cooperation between developing countries.

  • January 06, 1985

    Letter from the President of British Committee For Supporting Korea’s Reunification to the President of International Olympic Committee (IOC).

    A letter from the British Committee For Supporting Korea's Unification, a pro-DPRK group, urging the IOC to move the 1988 Summer Olympics out of Seoul and to another country.

  • January 10, 1985

    Memorandum from Brazilian Ambassador Roberto Abdenur to Minister Saraiva Guerreiro, 'Brazil-Argentina. Nuclear energy'

    Report on the bilateral nuclear relationship between Brazil and Argentina from the Alfonsín presidency until the end of the Figueiredo Administration. The main theme is a possible joint declaration on the renunciation of nuclear explosives. Alfonsín and Foreign Minister Caputo are in favor, but elements within the Brazilian government remain opposed.

  • January 14, 1985

    Deputy Director of the International Department of the CPSU Central Committee R. Ul’ianovskii, 'On a Request from the Leadership of the People's Party of Iran'

    Memo from R. Ulianovski on A. Khavari's request to the CPSU Central Committee for support for Kh. Forugian to take a month-long special study course.

  • January 17, 1985

    Extract from Minutes No. 181 from the Session of the CPSU Central Committee Secretariat from January 17, 1985, 'On a Request from the Leadership of the People's Party of Iran'

    The CPSU Central Committee agrees to a request for Tudeh Party Politburo member Kh. Forugian to come to Moscow for a month-long training course on ‘organizing illegal party work.’

  • January 25, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Visit of NATO's Secretary General, Lord Carrington (Rome, 11th February 1985)'

    In preparation for the visit of NATO's new Secretary General Lord Carrington, this memo addresses the theme presumably at the center of the discussions; burden-sharing. It also touches on NATO's defence system, proposition to withdraw American troops from Europe, and the position of the Eurogroup.

  • January 25, 1985

    Cable from the Embassy of the Hungarian People's Republic to China, 'Some New Phenomena in the Chinese Pursuit to Differentiate Socialist Countries'

    Review of China's foreign policy and its recent efforts to drive a wedge between the Soviet Union and other socialist countries.

  • January 25, 1985

    Appendix to 'Some New Phenomena in the Chinese Pursuit to Differentiate Socialist Countries'

    Analysis of China's relations with other socialist countries and initiatives to "win over" eastern european countries and separate them from the Soviet Union.

  • January 30, 1985

    Note from the President of International Olympic Committee (IOC) to the President of British Committee For Supporting Korea’s Reunification

    A letter from IOC President Samaranch to the British Committee For Supporting Korea's Unification indicating receipt of their letter and that their request was "duly noted."

  • March, 1985

    Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence, 'The Libyan Nuclear Program: A Technical Perspective'

    For years, U.S. intelligence agencies did not take seriously Muammar Gaddafi’s efforts to develop a Libyan nuclear capability and this report provides early evidence of the perspective that the Libyan program “did not know what it was doing.” According to the CIA, the program’s “serious deficiencies,” including “poor leadership” and lack of both “coherent planning” and trained personnel made it “highly unlikely the Libyans will achieve a nuclear weapons capability within the next 10 years.” The Libyan effort was in such a “rudimentary stage” that they were trying to acquire any technology that would be relevant to producing plutonium or enriched uranium.

  • February 11, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'American space programs'

    This memo by the Italian Foreign Ministry describes the current state of U.S. space programs, and in particular, the SDI that is causing tension in US-USSR relations.

  • February 11, 1985

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'NATO Secretary General's visit in Rome (11th February 1985). US and Soviet space programs'

    This note by the Italian Foreign Ministry provides an overview of issues to be discussed with Secretary General Lord Carrington during his visit to Rome. Of particular interest are the upcoming Geneva negotiations between the USSR and the US regarding SDI .