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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 29, 1990

    Record of a Conversation Between M. S. Gorbachev and President of France, F. Mitterrand

    Record of conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Francois Mitterrand, on the subject of Saddam Hussein and his invasion of Kuwait. Both leaders stress the importance of avoiding military conflict and the necessity of a united front for the permanent members of the UN Security Council in order to achieve this. Mitterrand notes his apprehension over the US perception of UN Charter Article 51 and the possibility US initiation of hostilities.

  • November 08, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the US Secretary of State, J. Baker in Moscow

    Baker and Gorbachev discuss public opinion of the recent improvement in relations between the Soviet Union and the United States, as well as Saddam Hussein's recent invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 09, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl in Bonn

    Kohl expresses concerns about Gorbachev's control over the situation in the Soviet Union and offers his support. The two then discuss the recent invasion of Kuwait by Iraq.

  • November 12, 1990

    Statement by the Honorary Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, about his discussions in Baghdad

    Willy Brandt's statement on the Gulf Crisis issue, includes his strong belief in the non-military solution efforts; however Brant makes it clear in his statement that he has no intentions to become a mediator in the crisis, but only serve as an advisor.

  • November 19, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and the General Secretary of the UN J. Pérez de Cuéllar in Paris (excerpt)

    Excerpt from a conversation between Gorbachev and Pérez de Cuéllar on the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 19, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and President of the US George Bush in Paris

    Gorbachev and Bush discuss options for responding to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 20, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and British Prime Minister M. Thatcher

    Gorbachev and Thatcher discuss the potential response through the UN to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 21, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and Canadian Prime Minister B. Mulroney in Paris

    Gorbachev and Mulroney discuss the potential response through the UN to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 27, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Saudi Arabia, S. Al Faisal

    Gorbachev and Al Faisal discuss ongoing crisis caused by the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and His Military Commanders after the First Gulf War

    Saddam and his military commanders discuss troop training, military planning, and Iraq's missile reserves following the Gulf War.

  • 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and Top Political Advisors about a United Nations Air Survey Request

    Rolf Ekeus, head of the UN inspection committee on nuclear weapons, requested the United Statesprovide him with an aircraft so he could do an aerial survey of Iraqi lands.

  • January 15, 1991

    CPSU CC Report on Assistance to the People's Party of Iran, 15 January 1991

    Report from K.N. Brutentz about providing assistance to the People's Party of Iran. [Attached to CPSU Report, 17 August 1987].

  • January 15, 1991

    Saddam Hussein and the Revolutionary Command Council Discussing the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait and the Expected US Attack

    Conversation between Saddam Hussein and the Revolutionary Command Council discussing Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait, various strategic planning and weaponry, potential responses by neighboring countries, and the expected US attack.

  • January 18, 1991

    Iraq Revolutionary Command Council Meeting about Coalition Operations Against Iraq

    Iraqi officials discuss the intervention of United States and coalition forces following the invasion of Kuwait.

  • April 24, 1991

    John T. Kriese, US Defense Intelligence Agency, 'Talking Points for Briefing to House Energy and Commerce Committee – Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations'

    These talking points, prepared by John T. Kriese who at the time was both chief of the Nuclear Energy Division at DIA and chairman of the Joint Atomic Energy Intelligence Community, focused on the intelligence the US had available on the Iraqi nuclear program.

  • July, 1991

    National Intelligence Estimate, NIE 5-91C, 'Prospects for Special Weapons Proliferation and Control'

    With the term “weapons of mass destruction” having not yet fully come into general usage, this NIE used the term “special weapons” to describe nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons (formerly the term “special weapons” was sometimes used to describe nuclear weapons only). With numerous excisions, including the names of some countries in the sections on “East Asia and the Pacific” and “Central America,” this wide-ranging estimate provides broad-brushed, sometimes superficial, pictures of the situations in numerous countries along with coverage of international controls to halt sensitive technology exports to suspect countries.

  • December 16, 1991

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and His Officials after the First Gulf War

    Saddam Hussein and Iraqi officials discuss missile development and weapons programs in the wake of loses following the Persian Gulf War. They also discuss United Nations inspections which were currently ongoing.

  • 1992

    Iraqi Report on Iranian Efforts to Obtain Nuclear Weapons

    Iraqi report that Iran is developing closer relations with the former Soviet republic of Central Asia as part of it's effort to develop nuclear weapons.

  • September 02, 1992

    Summary of Interview with Avraham Hermoni by Avner Cohen

    Avraham Hermoni served as senior technical director of the Israeli nuclear weapons program. This summary reflects the combined content of two long interviews Avner Cohen conducted with Hermoni in August and September 1992. This transcript is not the taped interview’s raw minutes; rather, it is Hermoni’s own edited and approved account of the interview, restructured by him in the form of twelve questions and answers, based upon the raw transcript of the original taped interview. Hermoni recounts the relationship between the Israeli government, the IDF, and the Weapons Development Authority (RAFAEL) during the development of Israel's nuclear capability.

  • 1993

    Interview with Walt Rostow by Avner Cohen

    Transcript of interview by Avner Cohen with Walt Rostow. Rostow served as national security advisor to US president Johnson. In this interview, Rostow discusses the US perspective on Israeli nuclear capability through the 1960s and 70s.