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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 03, 1989

    Record of Conversation Between M.S. Gorbachev and Member of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers’ Part, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the People’s Republic of Hungary M. Nemeth

    Conversation between Gorbachev and Miklos Nemeth about protecting Hungarian borders, Hungary's decision to establish diplomatic relations with Israel, and the Soviet Union's potential normalization of relations with Israel.

  • March 23, 1989

    Bulgarian Secretariat Resolution on Termination of Jamming of Foreign Broadcasts for Bulgaria

    The BCP CC passes a decision to stop jamming the broadcast of Western radio stations airing programs in Bulgarian. This decision however does not apply to Radio Ankara, whose Bulgarian programming continues to be blocked.

  • March 25, 1989

    Letter to Gorbachev from Shevardnadze, Yazov, and Kamentsev on Obligations for Military Assistance

    In this letter, Shevardnadze, Yazov, and Kamentsev discuss the Soviet Union's obligations to provide military assistance to their treaty partners, and the differences between treaties.

  • May 08, 1989

    Report on the First Baghdad International Exhibition of Military Technology

    An East German report on the 1st Baghdad International Exhibition from 28 April to 2 May 1989. The exhibition is an event organized by the committee of the Ministry for Industry and Military Production of the Republic of Iraq. 200 companies from 29 countries in an area of about 31,000 square meters participated in the event in Baghdad. Meanwhile, the GDR hopes to build up its trade relations with Iraq because these relations have severely declined since the outbreak of the Iran-Iraq War.

  • June 06, 1989

    Meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party

    Discussion of broadcasts of "Radio Free Europe" and other Western media on Bulgaria's policies towards the country's Turkish minority.

  • June 27, 1989

    Untitled report from Mieczysław Dedo, Polish Ambassador to the DPRK, concerning the visit of Yasser Arafat in North Korea (25-26 June 1989)

    Poland's ambassador to North Korea reports on cooperation between the Palestinian state and the DPRK following Arafat's visit.

  • October 04, 1989

    East German Ministry of State Security, 'Nuclear, Chemical, and Ballistic Missile Potential of Selected Threshold Countries' (excerpt)

    Iraq's WMD capacity as of October 1989 from Stasi Perspective

  • November 28, 1989

    Decision About the Measures Regarding the Decision of the KGB Collegium of the USSR of 5 September 1989, 'About the Tasks of the State Security Services of the USSR Regarding the Defense of the Soviet Constitutional Regime'

    In response to the increase of anti-Soviet and Romanian nationalist propaganda, the Moldavian KGB decides to form a new organization, Section 3, "to provide a principled basis for the activity concerning the defense of the Soviet constitutional regime." Detailed instructions are given for the new Sections operations and activities.

  • January 05, 1990

    Statement of Alexander Lilov, Bulgarian Politburo Member, at a Meeting with the Ministry of the Interior Leadership

    Alexander Lilov responds to criticism from the police academy cadets. In an open letter, the cadets, concerned with the softening assimilation policies towards the Turkish minority, claim that Turkish nationalism poses a threat to Bulgaria’s territorial integrity. Lilov dismisses the fears for secession of the predominantly Turkish regions from Bulgaria and reminds his audience that historically Bulgarian nationalism has also been a particularly destructive force.

  • October 06, 1990

    Correspondence between the MIC and the Petro Chemical Group Regarding a Letter from A.Q. Khan Offering Assistance in Developing Iraq’s Nuclear Weapons Program

    Pakistani scientist 'Abd-el-Qadeer Khan offers to help Iraq establish a project to enrich Uranium and manufacture a nuclear weapon.

  • October 29, 1990

    Record of a Conversation Between M. S. Gorbachev and President of France, F. Mitterrand

    Record of conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Francois Mitterrand, on the subject of Saddam Hussein and his invasion of Kuwait. Both leaders stress the importance of avoiding military conflict and the necessity of a united front for the permanent members of the UN Security Council in order to achieve this. Mitterrand notes his apprehension over the US perception of UN Charter Article 51 and the possibility US initiation of hostilities.

  • November 08, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the US Secretary of State, J. Baker in Moscow

    Baker and Gorbachev discuss public opinion of the recent improvement in relations between the Soviet Union and the United States, as well as Saddam Hussein's recent invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 09, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl in Bonn

    Kohl expresses concerns about Gorbachev's control over the situation in the Soviet Union and offers his support. The two then discuss the recent invasion of Kuwait by Iraq.

  • November 12, 1990

    Statement by the Honorary Chairman of the SPD, Brandt, about his discussions in Baghdad

    Willy Brandt's statement on the Gulf Crisis issue, includes his strong belief in the non-military solution efforts; however Brant makes it clear in his statement that he has no intentions to become a mediator in the crisis, but only serve as an advisor.

  • November 19, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and the General Secretary of the UN J. Pérez de Cuéllar in Paris (excerpt)

    Excerpt from a conversation between Gorbachev and Pérez de Cuéllar on the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 19, 1990

    Record of a Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and President of the US George Bush in Paris

    Gorbachev and Bush discuss options for responding to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 20, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and British Prime Minister M. Thatcher

    Gorbachev and Thatcher discuss the potential response through the UN to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 21, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and Canadian Prime Minister B. Mulroney in Paris

    Gorbachev and Mulroney discuss the potential response through the UN to Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait.

  • November 27, 1990

    Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Saudi Arabia, S. Al Faisal

    Gorbachev and Al Faisal discuss ongoing crisis caused by the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

  • 1991

    Memo Concerning the Question of Giving Technical Assistance to Iran in the Design of a Tactical Missile System

    This document, most likely from 1990-91, discusses Iran's request to the Soviet Union for assistance in the design of Tactical Missile System. The writer expresses the opinion that assistance should not be provided in the interest of preventing further escalation between Iran and Israel.