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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 24, 1989

    Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Karoly Grosz, General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers Party, March 23-24, 1989

    These conversations reveal Gorbachev’s contradictions, as the Soviet leader proclaims again that the Brezhnev doctrine is dead and military interventions should be "precluded in the future, yet at the same time, tries to set "boundaries" for the changes in Eastern Europe as "the safekeeping of socialism and assurance of stability."

  • March 25, 1989

    Letter to Gorbachev from Shevardnadze, Yazov, and Kamentsev on Obligations for Military Assistance

    In this letter, Shevardnadze, Yazov, and Kamentsev discuss the Soviet Union's obligations to provide military assistance to their treaty partners, and the differences between treaties.

  • March 27, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Monday, 27 March 1989

    The CIA's National Intelligence Daily for 27 March 1989 covers developments in Haiti, the Soviet Union, Afghanistan, Iran, Turkey, Ecuador, Lebanon, and East Germany. Certain portions of the document are redacted due to b(1) and b(3) exemptions.

  • March 29, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and HSWP General Secretary Károly Grósz,14, Moscow

    Memorandum of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and HSWP General Secretary Károly Grósz, discussing how to define the events of 1956 and the extent of political transition in Hungary

  • April, 1989

    Central Intelligence Agency, 'Rising Political Instability Under Gorbachev: Understanding the Problem and Prospects for Resolution: An Intelligence Assessment'

    An analysis of the mounting dysfunction and political instability within the Soviet Union.

  • April 01, 1989

    Telegram by Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Perlot) to Permanent Representative to NATO, 'Declaration of the Atlantic Summit'

    The Foreign Ministry offers the Italian Permanent Representation to NATO guidelines to discussing a new Atlantic Declaration. The telegram describes the unique state of East-West relations, and calls for openness and political dynamism from the Alliance members.

  • April 01, 1989

    Report of Vadim Zagladin on his conversation with Chairman of the Czechoslovak Association for U.N., Deputy Chairman of the Committee for European Security, Jan Pudlak

    Vadim Zagladin's report of his conversation with Jan Pudlak about Czechoslovakia's political opposition and strife within the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.

  • April, 1989

    Committee for State Security (KGB), 'About Results of Intelligence Activities to Note Indicators for a Surprise Nuclear Missile Attack'

    This report from the KGB contains results from intelligence activities conducted in April 1989 aimed at exposing indicators of a surprise nuclear missile attack on the USSR.

  • April 02, 1989

    SWAPO Department of Information and Publicity, Statement on Cease-fire Violations in Namibia, Luanda

    Statement by Angolan authorities on military clashes between South African and SWAPO troops. Argues that South African claims of SWAPO instigation are false and misleading, and that the engagements were initiated by the South African military. Further, states that South Africans have been pursuing an anti-SWAPO political and military campaign, fighting and harassing SWAPO and SWAPO supporters.

  • April 05, 1989

    Record of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Prime Minister of Great Britain Margaret Thatcher (at the Airport and on the way to the Embassy), London

    M.S. Gorbachev and Margaret Thatcher discuss global geopolitical issues, particularly growing terrorist organizations across Africa.

  • April 06, 1989

    Record of Meeting between Comrade Pak Yeong-chan and Comrade Vogel

    East German and North Korean officials discuss DPRK-GDR relations, the World Youth Festival in North Korea, and security procedures for Korean nationals in Berlin.

  • April 06, 1989

    Special Analysis: Poland: Roundtable Accords Signed

    An analysis of Solidarity's legalization and its effects on Polish politics.

  • April 06, 1989

    Record of Negotiations between M.S. Gorbachev and Prime Minister of Great Britain Margaret Thatcher, London

    Negotiations between Gorbachev and Thatcher on U.S. and British concerns, as well as Britain's cautious optimism, about the Soviet Union's perestroika and glasnost policies.

  • April 06, 1989

    Note about the Meeting between Hu Qili and Herbert Naumann

    Hu Qili describes ongoing economic reforms in China. As for political reform, Hu indicates that China wants "to further unfold socialist democracy and perfect the judicial system."

  • April 07, 1989

    Telegram from First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party, Dzhumbar I. Patiashvili to the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)

    Patiashvlli reports on protests in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic and suggests measures to curb the disturbances.

  • April 08, 1989

    Telegram from First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party, Dzhumbar I. Patiashvili to the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)

    Patiashvili reports developments in the situation in Georgia, where protests continue for Georgian independence from the Soviet Union and against the secession of Abkhazian from Georgia.

  • April 09, 1989

    Mount Etjo Declaration, Namibia

    Declaration reaffirming the parties' (those of Angola, Cuba, and South Africa) commitment to a peaceful resolution in Southwest Africa. Also urges the most rapid deployment of the (United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) possible.

  • April 09, 1989

    Telegram from First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party, Dzhumbar I. Patiashvili to the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)

    Patiashvili reports on demonstrations in Tbilisi and army attempts to subdue them which resulted in the death of 16 people. Patiashvili requests to impose a curfew in the city to maintain order.

  • April 10, 1989

    Resolution of the CC CPSU Politburo, 'Measures to Normalize the Situation in Tbilisi'

    The CC CPSU Politburo approves the appeal of the Gorbachev to the Georgian SSR and resolves to take into account the views discussed at the Politburo meeting when normalizing the situation in Tbilisi.

  • April 10, 1989

    Note from A. S. Kapto, A. S. Pavlov, Ye. Z. Razumov to the the Central Committee (CC) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)

    Kapto, Pavlov, and Razumov provide the CC CPSU’s recommendations for local party committees regarding political situation in the Georgian SSR.