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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 04, 1989

    Excerpt of a Politburo Meeting

    Gorbachev comments on how communist parties should deal with unrest, such as what took place in Beijing in June 1989.

  • October 05, 1989

    Excerpt From the Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev

    Excerpt from the diary of Anatoly Chernyaev discussing Gorbachev’s upcoming visit to the GDR to celebrate its 40th anniversary, and Chernyaev’s comments on the collapse of the socialist system

  • October 06, 1989

    East Germany: Troubled 40th Anniversary

    An analysis of Gorbachev's forthcoming visit to East Germany amidst growing public dissent.

  • October 07, 1989

    Record of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Members of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Socialist United Party of Germany

    Gorbachev speaks about perestroika and the necessity of political reforms in both the Soviet Union and East Germany.

  • October 09, 1989

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding protests in East Berlin on the anniversary of the GDR calling for following the model of the Soviet Union and liberalizing

  • October 11, 1989

    Excerpt from the Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev

    Chernyaev records Gorbachev's frustrations with Honecker following meeting with him in Berlin.

  • October 11, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the protests, concern on the part of the intelligentsia regarding the lack of dialogue with the population, and concern on the part of the SED about possible strikes

  • October 11, 1989

    Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence, 'German Reunification: What Would Have to Happen?'

    The CIA’s memorandum published on 11 October 1989 brings up the German reunification as an international agenda and assesses its implications for the Soviet Union and the United States.

  • October 12, 1989

    Assessment Paper by the Austrian Foreign Ministry, '[Excerpt] Eastern Europe; General Assessment'

    The Assessment Paper outlines new change is Eastern Europe, mostly surrounding political and economic diversification, following Gorabachev's leadership in the USSR. The report then evaluates the GDR's economy, emigration, and anticipated political changes in light of the new geopolitical climate.

  • October 13, 1989

    Memorandum Regarding a Conversation between Vadim Medvedev and Kurt Hager in the CC of the CPSU in Moscow

    Medvedev and Hager discuss the future of the GDR and new resolutions to appease citizens of the GDR.

  • October 17, 1989

    Protocol #43 of the Meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the SED

    Egon Krenz, newly appointed General Secretary of the SED, reports on his recent visit to China.

  • October 17, 1989

    Czechoslovak Ministry of Interior Memorandum, “Information on the Security Situation in the CSSR,” 17 October 1989

    The Czechoslovak Ministry of the Interior reports on the state of security within the CSSR. A growing anti-communist movement is active within the CSSR, with some cooperation of the "internal enemy" with Western political and ideological groups. Increased levels of crime, violence, and alcoholism are reported.

  • October 20, 1989

    CPSU CC Protocol #169/2, 20 October 1989

    On the composition of the government commission of the Council Minister of the USSR on war-industrial issues.

  • October 20, 1989

    Information Note of the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the election of Egon Krenz as Secretary General of the SED and his efforts to create open dialogue, reform the system and initiate changes in the GDR system

  • October 21, 1989

    East Germany: Opposition Group Prepares for Action

    An analysis of opposition movements in East Germany and their pressure on the government.

  • October 23, 1989

    Bush-Kohl Telephone Conversation on the Situation in Eastern Europe

    Telephone conversation between President George H. W. Bush and German Chancellor Helmut Kohl on the situation in Eastern Europe.

  • October 24, 1989

    Memorandum on Proposed Meeting in Prague between Directorate R of the KGB and the 1st Directorate of the CSSR FMVD

    The proposed time for the meeting is inconvenient.

  • October 24, 1989

    Letter from Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the Bulgarian Communist Party Central Committee

    Letter from Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the BCP CC criticizing Todor Zhivkov for bringing Bulgaria into economic crisis and doing everything to keep his family in power

  • October 24, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 24 October 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 24 October 1989 describes the latest developments in the Soviet Union, Ethiopia, Lebanon, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, and Colombia.

  • October 25, 1989

    Czechoslovak Ministry of Interior Memorandum, 'The Security Situation in the CSSR in the Period Before 28 October'

    The Czechoslovak Ministry of the Interior reports on anti- government activity. Anti-socialist forces in Hungary are collaborating with those in Czechoslovakia. A demonstration on 28 October, 1989 is anticipated in Prague. Security measures have been taken in an attempt to prevent these groups from meeting, propagandizing, and organizing the demonstration.