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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 20, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reporting that demonstrations continued over the weekend in Prague.

  • November 20, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reporting on their protest regarding attacks on American journalists during the November 17-19 demonstrations in Prague.

  • November 20, 1989

    Bulgaria: Crowds Demand Free Elections

    An analysis of increased popular activism and its forward effects on Bulgarian leadership.

  • November 20, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Aftermath of the Demonstration

    An analysis of the recent demonstrations in Czechoslovakia and its effects on the Party's rule.

  • November 20, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Monday, 20 November 1989

    Declassified excerpts from this NID concern Indo-Nepali relations. Information withheld from this document about developments in Czechoslovakia and Bulgaria was declassified by the CIA in October 2019.

  • November 20, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from the Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the state of the internal political situation in the GDR, the uncertainty of the future of the GDR, protests by citizens of the GDR in front of the Romanian embassy and the need for change in Romanian apporaches to relations with the GDR

  • November 20, 1989

    Czechoslovak Ministry of Interior Memorandum, 'Information Regarding the Development of the Security Situation During the Period of the 17 November Anniversary'

    Internal and external anti-communists have been protesting and organizing mass demonstrations in Prague, destabilizing the political situation in Czechoslovakia. The peak of the social unrest occurred on 17-19 November. It is concluded that the political, economic, and foreign pressure, as a result of these events, have provoked the start of political change in the CSSR.

  • November 21, 1989

    The Civic Forum’s Position on the Negotiations of its Representatives with Prime Minister Ladislav Adamec, Prague

    The Civic Forum’s Position on the Negotiations of its Representatives with Prime Minister Ladislav Adamec, Prague

  • November 21, 1989

    Letter from the Civic Forum to US President George Bush and USSR General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev

    Letter from the Civic Forum to US President George Bush and USSR General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev calling for condemnation of the 1968 events

  • November 21, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reporting on continued demonstrations in Prague and other Czech cities on November 20.

  • November 21, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reporting on the morning demonstration in Wenceslas Square and overheard conversations.

  • November 21, 1989

    Cable from US Embassy in Prague on Czech Demonstrations

    Cable from the US embassy in Prague reporting on the student strike situation.

  • November 21, 1989

    Letter from NATO Deputy General Secretary Marcello Guidi to Minister Gianni De Michelis

    The letter addresses developments in the relationship between the two German states and the prospect of reunification. It describes the political climate in West Germany towards reunification as hesitant, if not reluctant, and voices concerns over the destabilizing potential of such efforts.

  • November 21, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Opposition Gains Strength

    An analysis of the political climate in Czechoslovakia and the rise of the opposition.

  • November 21, 1989

    Teleprint from the Presidium of the CC CPS to the Secretaries of Regional Committees of the CPCz [and] CPS and the Party Municipal Committees in Prague and Bratislava

    The Presidium reports recent anti-socialist disturbances in Prague, with the organizers allegedly influencing and manipulating the public, especially targeting students. It is emphasized that the CPCz and CPS must maintain order, and affirm the socialist position through media outlets.

  • November 21, 1989

    Record of Conversation between Mikhail Gorbachev and Prime Minister of Canada Brian Mulroney.

    Gorbachev and Mulroney discuss US interference in Eastern Europe and increasing cooperation with Western Europe. They also briefly discuss George Bush's leadership.

  • November 23, 1989

    Declaration of Civic Forum Representative Václav Havel on Wenceslas Square, Prague

    The Declaration of Civic Forum Representative Václav Havel on Wenceslas Square, Prague calling for a general strike

  • November 23, 1989

    Teleprint, 'Summary of the Demands Made by Opposition Groups Represented by the Civic Forum'

    The demands for reform by the Civic Forum and the anti-communism movement in Czechoslovakia are outlined, in regards to the legal system, political system, economy, and a general re-structuring of power. The general decline in support of the CPCz and growth of support for opposition groups is apparent.

  • November 23, 1989

    Teleprint from Jozef Lenárt, Secretary of CC CPS, to Regional Committees and Municipal Committees in Prague and Bratislava

    Lenart presents information on an upcoming strike, planned by a now-unified organization of protesters called the Civic Forum. He reports the demands of the Civic Forum, explicated in their proclamation.

  • November 24, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Opposition Grows Daily

    An analysis of the opposition's continued growth and potential Party responses.