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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • April 21, 1993

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and State Committee of Ukraine for Nuclear and Radioactive Security, 'Possible Consequences of Ukraine Not Joining the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Analytical Report)'

    The Foreign Ministry issues a report on the possible consequences of not joining the NPT given Ukraine's position, following the breakup of the USSR, as neither a nuclear or non-nuclear state.

  • April 30, 1993

    Letter, Boris Yeltsin, President of the Russian Federation, to L.M. Kravchuk

    Boris Yeltsin writes to Kravchuk urging Ukraine to follow through with the implementation of START-1 as discussed per their negotiations in Moscow. He says that Russia will not recognize Ukraine's property right to nuclear weapons in Ukrainian territory and that Ukraine cannot use CIS structures to control its nuclear forces.To aid in the recycling of nuclear warheads in Ukraine, Yeltsin offers Russian assistance.

  • May 27, 1993

    Letter from G.F. Kunadze to E.A. Ambartsumov

    G.F. Kunadze is alarmed over North Korea's withdrawal from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

  • June 03, 1993

    Letter from Foreign Minister A. Zlenko to President L. Kravchuk on Draft Treaty on Security Guarantees

    The Ukrainian Ministry of Foreign Affairs sends a draft of a legally binding agreement between Ukraine and the five permanent UN Security Council members to be signed in conjunction with Ukraine's accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

  • June 03, 1993

    Treaty on the Guarantees of the National Security of Ukraine in connection to its Accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 1968 (Draft)

    Draft of a legally binding agreement for national security guarantees to be signed in conjunction with Ukraine's signing of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.

  • June 15, 1993

    Interview with Bertrand Goldschmidt by Avner Cohen

    Transcript of Avner Cohen's 1993 interview with Dr. Bertrand Goldschmidt. Goldschmidt was a leading French nuclear scientist who helped develop the PUREX plutonium extraction technique. In this interview, Goldschmidt explains the background of the French role in constructing the Dimona nuclear facility.

  • June 16, 1993

    Letter from G.F. Kunadze to S.A. Mikhailov

    G.F. Kunadze describes how the Russian Federation is seeking for North Korea to re-enter the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

  • June 17, 1993

    Interview with André Finkelstein by Avner Cohen

    Transcript of Avner Cohen's 1993 interview with André Finkelstein. Finkelstein, deputy director of the IAEA and a ranking official within the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), discusses Franco-Israeli nuclear technology exchange and collaboration in this 1993 interview.

  • July, 1993

    Statement on Security Guarantees to Ukraine

  • July 01, 1993

    V. Tolubko, 'Nuclear Weapons, Space Fleet: Decisions Cannot be Delayed'

    In a report to the Verkhovna Rada, Tolubko discusses three national security issues. He argues that Ukraine should either develop its own nuclear weapons industry or operate Ukrainian nuclear weapons jointly with Russia. He suggests that Ukraine should try to preserve its status as a space nation and should lease the naval base in Crimea to Russia.

  • July 07, 1993

    Letter, T. J. de Waal, Executive General Manager of Armscor, Regarding Relations with Israel

    Armscor letter discussing Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin

  • July 22, 1993

    Minister A.M. Zlenko to Prime Minister of Ukraine K.D. Kuchma

    Zlenko sends a report to Kuchma suggesting a divergence in position between Russian the Ukraine on the problems related to nuclear weapons located in Ukraine.

  • July 27, 1993

    Letter No. UKOR/21-830, First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, M.P. Makarevych, to Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine, V.M. Shamarov

    Makarevych describes possible alternate scenarios for ways forward on Ukraine's proposals to maintain nuclear weapons in Ukrainian territory and to adopt START-1 and the Lisbon Protocol.

  • August 12, 1993

    V.N. Shcherbin, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 'Concerning the Situation at the 4th Unit'

    An outline of the reasons for the deterioration of the 4th block, largely owing to ventilation problems causing condensation to form, which freezes during winter and causes decay that can lead to the washing of nuclear particles into the surrounding atmosphere/groundwater. The report also proposes several emergency measures, such as improving ventilation systems, cleaning water from the block, and setting up of an investigation.

  • September 16, 1993

    Memorandum from William H. Itoh for Leon Fuerth et al, 'Notification of Principals Committee Meeting on PRD-13, Peacekeeping'

    A draft version of PDD-25, the Clinton Administration's policy on multilateral peace operations.

  • September 23, 1993

    Report, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, 'The Agency’s Verification Activities in South Africa'

    Report by Director General of the IAEA on the Agency’s verification activities in South Africa and the status of the country's abandoned nuclear weapons program. The report includes an overview of the history of the program.

  • November 03, 1993

    Cable, South African Department of Foreign Affairs, Minutes of Multilateral Coordination Meeting on 21 September 1993 Regarding Armscor

    Minutes of a meeting describing jurisdictional confusion between Armscor and its corporate offshoot Denel.

  • 1994

    Annex, 'Terms of Reference of the President of the Republic of South Africa to the Commission of Inquiry into the Alleged Arms Transactions Between Armscor and One Eli Wazan and Other Related Matters'

    Presidential directive setting out the terms of reference for the Cameron Commission to inquire about all of Armscor's recent arms deals.

  • 1994

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and Top Political Advisors Concerning Diplomacy with the United States and Russia

  • 1994

    Meeting between Saddam Hussein and Top Political Advisors to Discuss a Visit by Prime Minister Tariq Aziz to the United Nations

    Iraqi Prime Minister Tariq Aziz reports on his visit to the United Nations and progress of UN inspections of Iraq's WMD projects.