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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 21, 1989

    East Germany: Opposition Group Prepares for Action

    An analysis of opposition movements in East Germany and their pressure on the government.

  • October 23, 1989

    Bush-Kohl Telephone Conversation on the Situation in Eastern Europe

    Telephone conversation between President George H. W. Bush and German Chancellor Helmut Kohl on the situation in Eastern Europe.

  • October 24, 1989

    Memorandum on Proposed Meeting in Prague between Directorate R of the KGB and the 1st Directorate of the CSSR FMVD

    The proposed time for the meeting is inconvenient.

  • October 24, 1989

    Letter from Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the Bulgarian Communist Party Central Committee

    Letter from Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the BCP CC criticizing Todor Zhivkov for bringing Bulgaria into economic crisis and doing everything to keep his family in power

  • October 24, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 24 October 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 24 October 1989 describes the latest developments in the Soviet Union, Ethiopia, Lebanon, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, and Colombia.

  • October 25, 1989

    Czechoslovak Ministry of Interior Memorandum, 'The Security Situation in the CSSR in the Period Before 28 October'

    The Czechoslovak Ministry of the Interior reports on anti- government activity. Anti-socialist forces in Hungary are collaborating with those in Czechoslovakia. A demonstration on 28 October, 1989 is anticipated in Prague. Security measures have been taken in an attempt to prevent these groups from meeting, propagandizing, and organizing the demonstration.

  • October 27, 1989

    Letter from Rajiv Gandhi to M. S. Gorbachev (Edited)

    Letter from Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi to Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev asking him to personally intervene on behalf of a project to create an atomic submarine in India.

  • October 27, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 27 October 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 27 October 1989 describes the latest developments in the German reunification.

  • October 27, 1989

    Special Analysis: The Germanys: Reunification -- What Would Have to Happen

    An analysis of what German unification would look like.

  • October 31, 1989

    Information Note from Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from Romanian Embassy in Berlin to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding peaceful street protests in the GDR, the opnening of dialogue between government and citizens, and the serious effort to enact reforms, including a cessation of criticizing West Germany in the media

  • November 01, 1989

    Soviet Record of Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), Egon Krenz

    Soviet record of conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), Egon Krenz concerning the possible reunification of Germany and issues faced by both the Soviet Union and the GDR

  • November 01, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation Between Egon Krenz, Secretary General of the Socialist Unity Party (SED), and Mikhail S. Gorbachev, Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU)

    Memorandum of Conversation Between Egon Krenz, Secretary General of the Socialist Unity Party (SED), and Mikhail S. Gorbachev, Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) regarding the economic and political crises in the GDR and measures to alleviate them

  • November 02, 1989

    Special Analysis: Hungary: Reorienting Security Policy

    An analysis of increased liberalization in Hungary and the country's membership to the Warsaw Pact.

  • November 03, 1989

    Decision by Bulgarian Secretariat on Bulgarian Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov's Visit to China

    With this decision, the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party approves the official visit by Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to China from 4-11 November 1989.

  • November 03, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: National Front

    An analysis of Czechoslovakia's National Front organization which is composed of four, legal non-Communist political parties.

  • November 03, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: Restiveness Growing

    An analysis of the Czechoslovak regime's decline amidst National Front movements for a multiparty system.

  • November 05, 1989

    Letter from Afghan President Najibullah to CPSU General Secretary Mikhail S. Gorbachev (Excerpt)

    Najibullah requests for technical aid and additional supplies from the USSR to support the war in Afghanistan.

  • November 06, 1989

    Conversation on GDR-FRG Economic Cooperation between Alexander Schalck and Egon Krenz

    Note of conversation between East German leader Alexander Schalck and West German Minister of the Chancellery Rudolf Seiters on future economic cooperation between the two German states. The discussion makes clear that the East German economy will collapse without immediate and massive West German aid.

  • November 07, 1989

    Letter from Alexander Schalck to Egon Krenz

    Letter from Alexander Schalck to Egon Krenz regarding conversation with FRG government officials stating that the FRG Chancellor sees cooperation between FRG and GDR if GDR guarantees free elections and permission of opposition groups

  • November 07, 1989

    Minutes No. 49 of the Meeting of the SED Politburo

    Minutes No. 49 of the Meeting of the SED Politburo concerning situation regarding GDR citizens leaving the country. The Politburo decides a new travel law will be developed in order to placate some of the popular demands.