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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • April 20, 1989

    CPSU Politburo Discussion on the Report of Eduard Shevardnadze Regarding the Use of Violence in Tbilisi

    Politburo meeting on the violent crisis in Georgia, based on Eduard Shevardnadze's report regarding the Tbilisi massacre.

  • April 21, 1989

    Meeting Between G. Tanev and D. Djurov with a Presentation of the New VKR Head

  • April 22, 1989

    Hungary: Leadership Proposes Sweeping Reforms

    An analysis of Hungarian Politburo actions that reduce Party control over politics and the economy.

  • April 22, 1989

    Hungary: Reformers Pushing Economic Ties to West

    An analysis of the creation of a Hungarian economic advisory committee that seeks to expand ties with the West.

  • April 22, 1989

    A. Sukharev et al to the CPSU Central Committee, 'On the Question of Katyn'

    A group of Soviet officials propose that the KGB, among other institutions, investigate the circumstances and locations of the deaths of Polish officers interned in the Soviet Union during World War II.

  • April 22, 1989

    Official talks between Todor Zhivkov and Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece

    Official talks between the President of the State Council of the People’s Republic of Bulgaria Todor Zhivkov and the Prime Minister of Greece Andreas Papandreou regarding Greek-Bulgarian relations.

  • April 24, 1989

    Special Analysis: Eastern Europe: Growth Still Slow

    An economic analysis of Central and Eastern Europe GNP growth since 1987.

  • April 25, 1989

    Meeting of the Collegium MVR Regarding Hostile Emigration

  • April 26, 1989

    Hungary: Grosz Increasingly Isolated

    An analysis of the future of the Hungarian political system and its principle actors.

  • April 26, 1989

    Letter from the President of South Africa P. W. Botha to the President of Zambia Requesting Pressure on SWAPO to Withdraw Armed Forces from Namibia

    Letter from South African President P. W. Botha to Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda asserting that SWAPO is the aggressor in excalation tensions between SWAPO and South African forces, and that South Africa is responding in measured and restrained ways. Asks for Zambia's assistance in convincing SWAPO to cease hostilities.

  • April 28, 1989

    Joint Press Statement on Namibia

    Press release describing a tripartite meeting between delegations from Angola, South Africa, and Cuba about troop withdrawal from Namibia. South African and SWAPO forces are restricted to their respective bases.

  • April 28, 1989

    Press Release, SWAPO Dismisses South African Charges of Amassing Troops on Angola-Namibia Border

    SWAPO press release dismissing South African claims of instigation of violence as an attempt to influence the United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) against SWAPO. SWAPO asserts that South Africa hopes to encourage UNTAG to let South African forces off of their bases so that they can attack SWAPO without reprimand.

  • April 28, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 28 April 1989

    The CIA's National Intelligence Daily for 28 April 1989 describes the latest developments in Lebanon, Iran, China, Vietnam, the Soviet Union, Paraguay, Nicaragua, Hungary, and New Zealand.

  • April 29, 1989

    Decree of the CC CPSU Secretariat, 'The Issue of the Events in the City of Tbilisi'

    Decree approving the creation of a commission to study the situation in Tbilisi and the demonstrations which occurred on 9 April, 1989.

  • April 29, 1989

    Note from A. S. Pavlov, Chief of the CC CPSU State and Legal Department, to the CC CPSU, 'On the Issue of the Events in the City of Tbilisi'

    Following the events of April 9, Pavolv advises that a commission be formed to examine the situation in Georgia.

  • May, 1989

    Core Group Teams and Coverage of Topics: Guernsey PPNN Conference, May 1989

    Breaks down meeting fora by topic including suggested presentations for the planned meeting.

  • May, 1989

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation: May 1989 Conference - Guernsey: Revised Programme

    Outlines planned program for the May 1989 conference with speakers and presenters listed.

  • May, 1989

    Hungarian Secret Police Memorandum, 'Ensuring the Security of Preparations for the Burial of Imre Nagy and his Asssociates [on 16 June 1989]'

    Hungarian Secret Police memorandum, “Ensuring the security of preparations for the burial of Imre Nagy and his associates [on 16 June 1989]”, regarding plans to maintain security using the dissemination of information concerning possible retaliation for extremist action, and the use of operatives

  • May, 1989

    Findings of the Commission of the USSR Congress of People’s Deputies to Investigate the Events which Occurred in the City of Tbilisi on 9 April 1989

    Report of a commission headed by A.A. Sobchak on the April 9 events in Tbilisi that resulted in the deaths of 19 demonstrators.

  • May 02, 1989

    Excerpt from the Diary of Anatoly Chernyaev

    Excerpt from Anatoly Chernyaev’s Diary expressing worry at Gorbachev’s lack of conception of the direction in which the Soviet Union is moving