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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 21, 1992

    Assessment of the General Staff of the Navy on Russo-Japanese relations and the problems of territorial delimitation between Russia and Japan

    This document highlights the Russian military’s concerns about the potential of losing the Southern Kurils to the Japanese. The document stresses that Japan still sees Russia as its most probable enemy in the Far East, and has plans to capture the islands in wartime. Losing these islands would present formidable obstacles to the Soviet Union because the Japanese and their American allies would have direct and unimpeded access to the Sea of Okhotsk, while the Russians would be prevented from conducting air attacks against U.S. aircraft carrier force east of the Tsugaru Strait. The document also provides statistics on Soviet-US submarine collisions and Japanese violations of Soviet/Russian territorial waters.

  • June 23, 1992

    Letter from US President G. H. W. Bush to Ukrainian President L. Kravchuk

    Bush addresses Ukraine’s security concerns following its commitment on May 24 in Lisbon to join the Non-Proliferation Treaty as a nonnuclear state.

  • July, 1992

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Newsbrief, Number 18

    A compilation of the latest news, events, and publications related to nuclear weapons and nuclear non-proliferation. The “Newsbrief” was produced by the PPNN and personally edited by Ben Sanders.

  • July 17, 1992

    Cable from Ambassador Ricúpero to Brazilian Foreign Ministry, 'Brazil- United States. Access to advanced technology. U.S. initiative on non-proliferation. Letter by President Bush.'

    This cable shows Ambassador Ricúpero’s reaction to Brazil’s inclusion in the list of “validated license.” Ambassador Ricúpero recommended that President Fernando Collor express Brazilian disappointment with this decision in a letter to President George Bush.

  • August 03, 1992

    Letter from Presidential Advisor on Conversion, M. Maley, to Boris Yeltsin on "Binitek" and German Investment in Economic Development and the Defense Industry

    This letter expresses the preparedness of German business people to invest in the defense industry, technological development, and regional scientific industries in newly-independent Russia on the condition that they operate through a local buffer company. This issue was tied to the restoration of autonomy for Volga Germans residing in Russia.

  • September 02, 1992

    Summary of Interview with Avraham Hermoni by Avner Cohen

    Avraham Hermoni served as senior technical director of the Israeli nuclear weapons program. This summary reflects the combined content of two long interviews Avner Cohen conducted with Hermoni in August and September 1992. This transcript is not the taped interview’s raw minutes; rather, it is Hermoni’s own edited and approved account of the interview, restructured by him in the form of twelve questions and answers, based upon the raw transcript of the original taped interview. Hermoni recounts the relationship between the Israeli government, the IDF, and the Weapons Development Authority (RAFAEL) during the development of Israel's nuclear capability.

  • September 03, 1992

    Cable from Brazilian Embassy in Washington to Foreign Ministry, 'Brazil-USA. Access to advanced technology. MTCR. Interview at the Department of State.'

    This cable reports the meeting between Brazilian diplomat Sergio Amaral, Robert Einhorn, Deputy Assistant for Politico-Military Affairs, and Vahn H. Van Diepen, Director of the Office of Weapons Proliferation. Eihorn made clear during the meeting that space programs such as Brazil’s are a source of concern for the US administration because it could use the same technology developed for the SLV to build ballistic missiles.

  • September 25, 1992

    Cable from Brazilian Foreign Ministry to Embassy in Washington, 'Brazil-USA. COCOM. Strategic trade. Mission from USA. Report.'

    On September 14th-15th 1992, The Brazilian government received the US technical mission on strategic trade. Among the issues discussed during the meeting, the most important was Brazil’s export control legislation for sensitive goods and technologies, which was still to be voted on by the Brazilian Congress at the time.

  • October, 1992

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Newsbrief, Number 19

    A compilation of the latest news, events, and publications related to nuclear weapons and nuclear non-proliferation. The “Newsbrief” was produced by the PPNN and personally edited by Ben Sanders.

  • November, 1992

    Defense Intelligence Assessment, US Defense Intelligence Agency, DST-1540Z-509-92-SI, 'Nuclear Proliferation Data Sheets'

    This extract from a collection of DIA reports on national nuclear weapons programs, focuses on North Korea – which is discussed in the both the key judgments section as well as in a chapter which examines several aspects of the North Korean nuclear program. The chapter examines North Korea’s nuclear infrastructure, fuel cycle, the extent of foreign assistance, treaty obligations, the nuclear program and possible future developments, and delivery vehicles.

  • November 18, 1992

    Report of Ukrainian Foreign Minister A. Zlenko to President Kravchuk

    Letter about negotiations with US Ambassador to Ukraine R. Popadiuk regarding security guarantees for Ukraine

  • November 27, 1992

    Report on the Twelfth Meeting of the PPNN Core Group, 27-29 November 1992, Japan

    Summarizes events and agenda of the twelfth meeting of the PPNN core group in Shizuoka Prefeture, Japan.

  • December 10, 1992

    Draft Joint US-Russia Statement Regarding Security Guarantees/Assurances for Ukraine

    Joint statement by the United States and Russia giving security assurances in recognition of Ukraine's steps toward denuclearization.

  • December 11, 1992

    Memorandum of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine

    In light of the Verkhovna Radas' analysis on Ukrainian accession to the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs clarifies its position on nuclear weapons and assures its allies that it is working towards disarmament.

  • December 19, 1992

    Directive of the President of Ukraine, 'On Measures to Ensure the Implementation of the Nuclear Policy of Ukraine and Elimination of Nuclear Weapons Located on its Territory'

    The directive discusses the procedures through which Ukraine will implement its nuclear policy and eliminate nuclear weapons within its boarders.

  • December 28, 1992

    Letter N-15/44-23403 from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation

    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine proposes negotiations with the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on eliminatig warheads of strategic missiles from Ukraine.

  • January, 1993

    Programme for Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Newsbrief, Number 20

    A compilation of the latest news, events, and publications related to nuclear weapons and nuclear non-proliferation. The “Newsbrief” was produced by the PPNN and personally edited by Ben Sanders.

  • 1993

    Interview with Walt Rostow by Avner Cohen

    Transcript of interview by Avner Cohen with Walt Rostow. Rostow served as national security advisor to US president Johnson. In this interview, Rostow discusses the US perspective on Israeli nuclear capability through the 1960s and 70s.

  • 1993

    Meeting between UN Biological Inspectors and Iraqi Officials Including Dr. Rihab Taha

    Iraqi officials and United Nations inspectors discuss the history of Iraq's biological weapons development.

  • 1993

    Outstanding Leadership and Brilliant Victory (Excerpts)

    An official North Korean history of the Korean War.