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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 15, 1945

    L. Beria to Cde. V.M. Molotov

    Beria writes that Osman Batur does not intend to recognize the East Turkestan Republic. Instead, Osman will create an independent state in Altai, in part due to the support of Choibalsan.

  • October 30, 1945

    Telegram, Molotov to Cde. Stalin

    Draft reply to Malinovsky concerning Soviet troops in Manchuria, including instructions to avoid responsibilities for the security of Manchuria; allow the Chinese government's representatives to land at Huludao and Yingkou; allow the Chinese planes to land at Fengtian and Changchun

  • November 03, 1945

    Telegram from Cde. Yegnarov and Cde. Langvang to Cde. Beria

    Yegnarov forwards to Stalin a letter from Alihan Tore Shakirjan, in which he describes Chinese oppression of the people in Eastern Turkestan and requests Soviet assistance with their "revolutionary struggle."

  • November 06, 1945

    Cable, V. Molotov, L. Beria, G. Malenkov, and A. Mikoyan to Cde. Stalin

    Molotov, Beria, Malenkov, and Mikoyan request approval from Stalin to help a Japanese Communist and his wife return to Japan, as well as to provide assistance to other Japanese anti-fascists in China intent on returning to Japan.

  • November 06, 1945

    Cable, Molotov to Cde. Stalin

    Molotov asks Stalin to approve his draft of a telegram to Ulan Bator on securing official recognition from China for the Mongolian People's Republic's independence and establishing diplomatic relations between the two countries.

  • November 10, 1945

    Cable No. 3550, Stalin to Cdes. Molotov, Beria, Malenkov, and Mikoyan

    Stalin discusses Soviet reception of a speech in which Winston Churchill praised Russia and Stalin, the need to exclude viticulture and fruit-growing from the People’s Commissariat of Industrial Crops, and the urgency with which Soviet diplomats should be withdrawn from the regions in which Mao Zedong's troops are operating lest the Soviets be accused of organizing the Chinese civil war.

  • November 15, 1945

    TASS Report Distributed to Cdes. I.V. Stalin, V.M. Molotov, A.I. Mikoyan, L.P. Beria, G.M. Malenkov, and A. Ya. Vyshinsky, 'Byrnes' Statement at a Press Conference'

    TASS reports on a press conference given by United States Secretary of State James Byrnes at which he spoke about conflicts between the Soviet Union and the United States over the control mechanism and Far East Commission in Japan in addition to other foreign policy issues.

  • November 16, 1945

    Antonov to Marshal Malinovsky, the Commanding General of the Transbaykal-Amur Military District

    Soviet General Aleksei Antonov informs Marshal Malinovsky and V. M. Molotov that the People's Commissar of Defense has ordered Soviet troops to maintain good relations with the Republic of China and avoid letting the Chinese communists draw the Soviet Union into confrontation with the United States.

  • November 16, 1945

    Note to the Soviet Ambassador in China

    Letter to the Soviet Ambassador in China instructing him to present a note to Chinese Minister Wang Shijie assuring him that the Soviets are upholding and will continue to uphold the Soviet-Chinese agreement and are providing no assistance to the Chinese communists.

  • November 22, 1945

    Ivanov and Prikhodov Report on the Mongolian Referendum

    Report on a 1945 plebiscite to affirm the independence of the Mongolian People's Republic. The plebiscite was held as part of the terms of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance, in which the nationalist Republic of China recognized the MPR in exchange for control of the province of Inner Mongolia, which had been occupied by Soviet and Mongolian troops during WWII.

  • November 26, 1945

    Cable No. 825/826 from Petrov in Chongqing on Anti-Soviet Campaign in Manchuria

    Petrov reports on the anti-Soviet mood in Northeast China and elsewhere around the country.

  • November 27, 1945

    Cable No. 832 from Petrov in Chongqing on Anti-Soviet Campaign in Manchuria

    A Soviet diplomat describes "anti-Soviet" feeling in China.

  • January 10, 1946

    The Japanese Population in Korea and the Korean Population in Manchuria

    A Soviet report on the situation of Japanese in Korea and on the status of Koreans in Manchuria, or Northeast China, after liberation.

  • February 19, 1946

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Soviet Ambassador to China A.A. Petrov with the Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs Wang Shijie

    Soviet Ambassaodr Petrov reports on a conversation with the Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Shijie. Shijie raises concerns about disputes between the Soviet and Chinese administration over the withdrawl of Soviet troops from the region and the control of property seized from the Japanese during the war. Petrov also raises the issue of Anti-Soviet demonstrations and propaganda in China.

  • May 06, 1946

    From the Diary of V.M. Molotov, Reception of the Chinese Ambassador to France, Jing Tai, on 6 May 1946 at 3:00 p.m. in the Soviet Embassy in Paris

    The conversation is concerning the "German question" in terms of the conditions and aftermath of the surrender. PR China sees the negotiation on Germany as becoming an agreement that might apply similar to the question on the Japanese surrender. For this reason Jing Tai asks Molotov to allow China to take part in the negotiations on Germany. The trials of Japanese war criminals were also discussed.

  • June 04, 1946

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador to China A.A. Petrov with Minister of Foreign Affairs Wang Shijie, 1 June 1946

    Wang Shijie presented a draft of suggestions from the Chinese side about economic collaboration in Manchuria, as a proposal. This includes common mine excavations and the Chinese right to use Japanese enterprises in the former occupied Manchuria until the disagreement over the distribution of enemy property confiscated during the war was settled.

  • June 26, 1946

    Letter from Cde. M. Suslov to Cde. A.A. Zhdanov

    Cde. Suslov offers suggestions for Soviet policy toward the rebellion in northern Xinjiang and the East Turkestan Republic (ETR).

  • August 06, 1946

    Talk with the American Correspondent Anna Louise Strong

    Mao Zedong says that "all reactionaries are paper tigers" and discusses the Chinese Civil War. He also introduces the theory of the "intermediate zone," when he states that "the United States and the Soviet Union are separated by a vast zone which includes many capitalist, colonial and semi-colonial countries in Europe, Asia and Africa."

  • September 11, 1946

    Cipher Message No. 145101 from Meretskov and Grushevoy with a Letter to Stalin from Residents of Dalian

  • October 19, 1946

    Cable No. 35419 from Petrov in Nanjing on Arrest of Orthodox Archbishop

    Petrov reports on the arrest of Archbishop Viktor and demands his immediate release.