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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 03, 1945

    Telegram from Cde. Yegnarov and Cde. Langvang to Cde. Beria

    Yegnarov forwards to Stalin a letter from Alihan Tore Shakirjan, in which he describes Chinese oppression of the people in Eastern Turkestan and requests Soviet assistance with their "revolutionary struggle."

  • November 22, 1945

    Ivanov and Prikhodov Report on the Mongolian Referendum

    Report on a 1945 plebiscite to affirm the independence of the Mongolian People's Republic. The plebiscite was held as part of the terms of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance, in which the nationalist Republic of China recognized the MPR in exchange for control of the province of Inner Mongolia, which had been occupied by Soviet and Mongolian troops during WWII.

  • November 26, 1945

    Cable No. 825/826 from Petrov in Chongqing on Anti-Soviet Campaign in Manchuria

    Petrov reports on the anti-Soviet mood in Northeast China and elsewhere around the country.

  • November 27, 1945

    Cable No. 832 from Petrov in Chongqing on Anti-Soviet Campaign in Manchuria

    A Soviet diplomat describes "anti-Soviet" feeling in China.

  • January 10, 1946

    The Japanese Population in Korea and the Korean Population in Manchuria

    A Soviet report on the situation of Japanese in Korea and on the status of Koreans in Manchuria, or Northeast China, after liberation.

  • February 19, 1946

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Soviet Ambassador to China A.A. Petrov with the Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs Wang Shijie

    Soviet Ambassaodr Petrov reports on a conversation with the Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Shijie. Shijie raises concerns about disputes between the Soviet and Chinese administration over the withdrawl of Soviet troops from the region and the control of property seized from the Japanese during the war. Petrov also raises the issue of Anti-Soviet demonstrations and propaganda in China.

  • May 06, 1946

    From the Diary of V.M. Molotov, Reception of the Chinese Ambassador to France, Jing Tai, on 6 May 1946 at 3:00 p.m. in the Soviet Embassy in Paris

    The conversation is concerning the "German question" in terms of the conditions and aftermath of the surrender. PR China sees the negotiation on Germany as becoming an agreement that might apply similar to the question on the Japanese surrender. For this reason Jing Tai asks Molotov to allow China to take part in the negotiations on Germany. The trials of Japanese war criminals were also discussed.

  • June 04, 1946

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador to China A.A. Petrov with Minister of Foreign Affairs Wang Shijie, 1 June 1946

    Wang Shijie presented a draft of suggestions from the Chinese side about economic collaboration in Manchuria, as a proposal. This includes common mine excavations and the Chinese right to use Japanese enterprises in the former occupied Manchuria until the disagreement over the distribution of enemy property confiscated during the war was settled.

  • June 26, 1946

    Letter from Cde. M. Suslov to Cde. A.A. Zhdanov

    Cde. Suslov offers suggestions for Soviet policy toward the rebellion in northern Xinjiang and the East Turkestan Republic (ETR).

  • August 06, 1946

    Talk with the American Correspondent Anna Louise Strong

    Mao Zedong says that "all reactionaries are paper tigers" and discusses the Chinese Civil War. He also introduces the theory of the "intermediate zone," when he states that "the United States and the Soviet Union are separated by a vast zone which includes many capitalist, colonial and semi-colonial countries in Europe, Asia and Africa."

  • September 11, 1946

    Cipher Message No. 145101 from Meretskov and Grushevoy with a Letter to Stalin from Residents of Dalian

  • October 19, 1946

    Cable No. 35419 from Petrov in Nanjing on Arrest of Orthodox Archbishop

    Petrov reports on the arrest of Archbishop Viktor and demands his immediate release.

  • 1947

    Top Secret Documents on the China Situation

    North Korean intelligence on events in the Chinese Civil War.

  • January 12, 1947

    Record of a Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China A. A. Petrov and General Zhang Zhizhong on 7 January 1947

    Petrov and Zhang discuss Xinjiang-Soviet trade and the overall state of Sino-Soviet relations.

  • February 24, 1947

    Excerpt on Xinjiang from Minutes No. 57 of the VKP(b) CC Politburo Meetings

    The CPSU Central Committee announces measures "directed against" Ospan Batyr (Osman Batur).

  • June 15, 1947

    Cable, Stalin [Kuznetsov] to Mao Zedong [via Terebin]

    Stalin, writing under the pseudonym “Fyodor Kuznetsov,” who was Stalin’s Chief of the GRU, tells “Terebin,” actually Soviet doctor and operative in Yan’an Andrei Orlov, to arrange a secret meeting in Moscow with Mao Zedong.

  • July 01, 1947

    Cable, Stalin [Kuznetsov] to Mao Zedong [via Terebin]

    Stalin, using the name of Chief of the GRU, Fyodor Kuznetsov, tells Terebin, actually Soviet operative in Yan'an Andrei Orlov, to delay Mao's secret visit to Moscow.

  • July 12, 1947

    Letter from Ahmetjan Qasimi and Rahim Jan Sabri to Mr. Savel'yev, Consul General of the USSR in Urumqi

    Ahmetjan Qasimi and a colleague asks for Stalin's and the Soviet Union's support in protecting the interests of Muslims in Xinjiang.

  • August 19, 1947

    Letter from T. Skvortsov to Cde. Baranov

    Cde. T. Skvortsov forwards letters from Zhang Zhizong and Ahmetjan Qasimi concerning the situation in Xinjiang.

  • August 19, 1947

    Letter from Zhang Zhizhong to Mr. Savel'yev, Consul General of the USSR in Urumqi

    Zhang Zhizhong, the leading Guomindang official in Xinjiang, expresses his hope that China and the Soviet Union can cooperate in Xinjiang in maintaining Chinese sovereignty over the entire province.