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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July, 1982

    National Intelligence Estimate, NIE-4-82, 'Nuclear Proliferation Trends Through 1987'

    With proliferation becoming a “greater threat to US interests over the next five years,” intelligence analysts believed that the “disruptive aspect of the proliferation phenomenon will constitute the greater threat to the United States.” While the estimators saw “low potential” for terrorist acquisition of nuclear weapons, the likelihood of terrorist/extortionist hoaxes was on the upswing. Significant portions of the NIE are excised, especially the estimate of Israel’s nuclear arsenal and its impact in the Middle East. Nevertheless, much information remains on the countries of greatest concern: Iraq and Libya in the Near East, India and Pakistan in South Asia, Brazil and Argentina in Latin America, and the Republic of South Africa, as well as those of lesser concern: Iran, Egypt, Taiwan and the two Koreas.

  • July 08, 1982

    Hungarian Foreign Ministry evaluation of the situation report of the Hungarian Ambassador in Iraq in 1982

    This memorandum comments on the report of the Hungarian ambassador to Iraq and states that Iraq’s weakening status might negatively affect Hungary, but that Hungary’s ordinary and “special” trade relations had increased.

  • August 13, 1982

    Memorandum for the President; Secretary Weinberger's Weekly Report

    Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger openly conveyed his dismay toward the Israeli leadership, expressing his support for the opposition, led by Shimon Peres.

  • August 26, 1982

    Memorandum, Information for the President, 'Trade Promotion. Brazil-Iraq. Economic-Commercial Relations'

    Memo to President Figueiredo highlighting the 1,000% increase in Brazil-Iraq bilateral trade between 1971 and 1980, but also points to a non-conducive environment for Brazilian companies in Iraq despite their heroic decision to remain there during the war, unlike other foreign companies. Attached to the document we find a draft of a letter from President Figueiredo to his “great and good friend” Saddam Hussein, in which he is seeking Hussein’s solidarity and understanding the necessity to resolve the issues on the bilateral economic agenda.

  • September 08, 1982

    Information on Preparations of Iraqi Students in Bulgaria Against S. Hussein’s Regime

  • 1983

    Arms Agreements between Iraq and the Soviet Union Signed in 1981 and 1983

    This file contains contracts between Iraq and foreign countries, including a treaty with Hungary and arms agreements with the Soviet Union.

  • March 02, 1983

    Hungarian Foreign Ministry memorandum of conversation with the Iraqi Ambassador in Budapest in 1983

    This memorandum of the conversation between Ismail Hammoudi Hussein, the Ambassador of the Iraqi Republic in Budapest, and Károly Szigeti and Comrade Puja, describes Hussein’s suggestions that Hungary should help peace efforts between Iran and Iraq and that the USSR should increase its influence in the region.

  • July 04, 1983

    Information by the Soviet Ambassador in Budapest on the situation in Iran

    This bulletin from the Soviet ambassador to Hungary describes Soviet relations with Iran, including tensions relating to Iranian communists and the double containment policy created by Soviet military aid to Iran, as well as Iraq, during the Iran-Iraq War.

  • December 15, 1983

    Report of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq on the emergence of an internal crisis in the top Iraqi leadership

    This report issued by the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq describes the debate by the Iraqi leadership over two main options on how to proceed regarding the Iran-Iraq War and the possibility of a regime change.

  • February 21, 1984

    Report of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq on the changing of the internal power structure in Iraq and its consequences in 1984

    This report issued by the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq details the reasons for the destabilization of Saddam Hussein and the Baath Party’s leadership in Iraq in 1984.

  • December 05, 1984

    Visit by the General Secretary of the Democratic Party of Kurdistan/Iraq to East Germany

    In late 1984, Kurdish Democratic Party leader Massoud Barzani and a group of colleagues travel to Europe with false Syrian passports in order to win the favor of the socialist countries and whoever else in Europe who will recognize them.

  • December 22, 1984

    Report on the negotiations of Hungarian Deputy Foreign Minister Róbert Garai in Iraq between 11 and 13 December 1984

    This report on the negotiations between the Hungarian deputy foreign minister and top Iraqi politicians in Baghdad in 1984 shows Iraqi tensions with Iran and concern about USSR military aid to Iran.

  • 1985

    Saddam Hussein and His Inner Circle Discussing the United Nations, the Soviet Union, and the United States

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam Hussein and high ranking Iraqi officials regarding the Iran-Iraq war. They discuss the cease-fire negotiations, the UN Security Council, military and diplomatic issues, and Soviet and US Policy in the region.

  • February 12, 1985

    Report of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq on the development of Iraqi-US relations since the restoration of diplomatic relations in 1985

    This report issued by the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq states that re-establishment of diplomatic relations between Iraq and the US in November 1984 does not affect armament shipments to Iraq by the Eastern Bloc, and maintains that the United States views Iran as an ally.

  • April 17, 1985

    Report of the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq on the development of the Iraqi-American relationship in 1985

    This report issued by the Hungarian Embassy in Iraq discusses the declining importance of the Iran-Iraq War for the United States and the need for the superpowers to mediate the conflict in order to focus on broader aspects of their relations.

  • July 12, 1985

    Note on a Meeting in the Embassy of the Republic of Iraq with Ambassador Fawzi al-Bander

    Ambassador al-Bander relays a request to send a group of intelligence officers from the Iraq Minister of Interior to visit the Ministry for State Security (Stasi).

  • July 26, 1985

    Message to Secretary Shultz (Draft)

    This draft message to Secretary of State Schultz from a Japanese government official summarizes a series of trips to countries in the Middle East and appeals to the United States to assist in obtaining peace in the Middle East.

  • July 26, 1985

    [Draft] Letter, Shintaro Abe, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan, to George P. Shultz, Secretary of State

    In a letter to Secretary of State Schultz, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan Abe describes his visits with various countries in the Middle East after the ASEAN Post-Ministerial Conference with Dialogue Partners. He discusses the Iran-Iraq conflict, the American hostages held in Lebanon, and the general issue of peace in the Middle East.

  • August, 1985

    Special Envoy Nakayama’s Visit to Syria (Summary of Remarks and Response)

    This summary of Special Envoy Nakayama’s visit to Syria includes discussion of bilateral relations between Japan and Syria, cooperation in economic and technical fields, cultural exchange, peace in the Middle East, and the Iran-Iraq conflict.

  • September 09, 1985

    Note on a Meeting in the Embassy of the Republic of Iraq with Ambassador Fawzi al-Bander

    Ambassador al-Bander asks to send intelligence officers from Iraq to the GDR for training.