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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • May 14, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram, Roshchin to Cde. Filippov [Stalin]

    Soviet Ambassador to China N.V. Roschin relays a Chinese assessment of the armed forces in North Korea and South Korea and the possibility of China and North Korea signing a treaty of friendship, alliance, and mutual aid.

  • May 14, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 8600, Vyshinsky to Mao Zedong

    The cable contains Stalin’s personal response to Mao's 13 May telegram. Using the code-name “Filippov,” Stalin confirms his agreement with the North Korean proposal to “move toward reunification,” contingent on Beijing’s agreement.

  • May 16, 1950

    Telegram, Filippov [Stalin] to Mao Zedong via the Soviet ambassador

    Stalin notifies Mao Zedong that he believes the signing of a treaty pact between China and North Korea should only come after Korean reunification.

  • May 30, 1950

    Cable Nos. 408-410, Shtykov to Vyshinsky (for the Politburo)

    Terenti Shtykov reports on Kim Il Sung's military planning for an invasion of South Korea and signals Soviet approval for the invasion.

  • June 25, 1950

    Cable, Shtykov to Cde. A.A. Gromyko

    A report from the North Korea Ministry of Internal Affairs on an alleged offensive carried out by South Korean forces and the official start of the Korean War.

  • June 25, 1950

    United Nations Security Council Resolution 82, on Korea

    The Security Council makes a complaint of aggression by North Korean forces upon the Republic of Korea

  • June 26, 1950

    Telegram from Lake Success, Trygve Lie to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Moscow

    A telegram conveying the UN Security Council's resolution calling for North Korea to withdraw from the 38th Parallel.

  • June 26, 1950

    Top Secret Report on the Military Situation in South Korea from Shtykov to Comrade Zakharov

    Report from Shtykov to Zakharov detailing North Korean advances on the first day of the Korean War. Included is a list of conclusions drawn up by Shtykov regarding the conduct of Northern and Southern forces thus far.

  • June 27, 1950

    Statement by the President, Truman on Korea

    Truman's statement on the invasion of South Korea by North Korean forces.

  • June 30, 1950

    Cable No. 21340, Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao asks Stalin to make sure that Kim Il Sung knows that he must agree to conduct negotiations to cease hostilities, and to decide the time, place, and number of participants for these negotiations. Mao continues to give his advice as to what the best place and time would be for these negotiations (place, on the 38th parallel; and time, 15 July, 1950).

  • June 30, 1950

    From the Journal of A.A. Gromyko, 'Reception of US Ambassador Kirk, 29 June 1950'

    A.A. Gromyko delivers a statement on the start of the Korean War to U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union Kirk.

  • June 30, 1950

    Telegram, Shtykov to Cde. Gromyko

    A report from the Korean People's Army on events in the Korean War from June 25 through June 30, 1950.

  • June 30, 1950

    Cable No. 405743, Shtykov to Stalin

    North Korea requests supplies and weapons from the Soviet Union.

  • July 01, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 34691 from Feng Xi [Stalin] to Soviet Ambassador in Pyongyang Shtykov

    Reply from Stalin to Shtykov's telegram of July 1, 1950. Requests additional information on KPA plans and reaction to American internvention. Informs of intent to meet requests by Kim Il Sung for additional war materiel.

  • July 01, 1950

    Conversation between Indian Ambassador Kavalam Madhava Panikkar and Deputy Foreign Minister Zhang Hanfu

    Zhang Hanfu and K.M. Panikkar discuss the role of the United Nations in ending the conflict in Korea.

  • July 01, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Shtykov to Stalin on the Political Mood in North Korea

    Telegram from Shtykov to Stalin (copied to the Soviet leadership) describing the successes of KPA forces in the South. He also relays the concern of some of the DPRK cadre regarding American intervention.

  • July 02, 1950

    Incoming Cable No. 19413, Roschin to the Central Committee

    Roschin tells the CC of his meeting with Zhou Enlai, in which they discussed talks with the Indian ambassador over maneuvering at the UN, and over the possibility of Chinese intervention in Korea against American forces.

  • July 04, 1950

    On the Return of Korean Nationals to North Korea

    A Chinese Foreign Ministry report on the management of Korean nationals living in China during the Korean War.

  • July 04, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 405840 from Shtykov to Feng Xi [Stalin]

    Shtykov reports on a meeting with Kim Il Sung and Pak Heonyeong concerning requests for arms, advisers and advice on how to move troops more efficiently. Shtykov proposes resolutions and advice.

  • July 05, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram No. 3172, Stalin to Zhou Enlai via Roshchin

    A telegram from Stalin to Zhou Enlai with regards to India's mediation in the PRC's entry into the UN, Chinese troop movements in preparation for a possible Southern/Allied counterattack, and Soviet planes flying over Manchuria.