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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • May 06, 1987

    Soviet Memorandum on the Present Situation in Afghanistan

    This document discusses the increasing amount of aid the Soviet Union provided to Afghanistan; how the country must fight against 'imperialist and reactionary' forces, and its efforts to establish a stronger ties to Czechoslovakia in order to further national reconciliation.

  • May 06, 1987

    Report on Meeting between Minister Chnoupek with the General Secretary of the Afghan People’s Democratic Party Central Committee, Comrade Najib

    This document provides an overview of Soviet-Afghan relations; and Afghanistan's relationship in international politics. Reconciliation between the Soviet Union and the Afghan People’s Democratic Party, and its affects on diplomatic relations, and for Middle Eastern politics, is revealed within this document.

  • June 11, 1987

    Record of Conversation in Prague between Chinese Party Leader Zhao Ziyang and Czechoslovak President Gustáv Husák

    This record of a 1987 conversation between the general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, Zhao Ziyang, and Czechoslovak President Gustav Husák includes information on the political and economic situation in Czechoslovakia and China. Zhao Zhang explains changes in the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party. They also discuss the foreign policies of their respective countries, including relations with Japan and the US. Attached is a Slovak summary of the meeting, including details on technological cooperation between Czechoslovakia and China.

  • June 12, 1987

    Record of Conversation in Prague between Chinese Party Leader Zhao Ziyang and Czechoslovak Prime Minister Lubomír Strougal

    This is the Slovak record of a 1987 conversation between the general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, Zhao Ziyang, and Czechoslovak Prime Minister Lubomír Strougal outlining the possibilities of economic reform in Czechoslovakia and discussing technical and economic cooperation between Czechoslovakia and China. Zhao indicates that China is lagging behind in its development and asks for Czechoslovak support in reconstructing and modernizing Chinese power stations and chemical plants.

  • February 03, 1989

    Report of the Soviet Ambassador Y. M. Vorontsov, concerning the current political situation inside Afghanistan and the possibilities of solving the Afghan question

    This document discusses the disagreements among Afghan leaders regarding a coalition government. The Soviet invasion, withdrawal, and the prospects for peace with Afghanistan are also revealed.

  • February 17, 1989

    Report of the Central Committee of the CPSU on the Current Situation in Afghanistan

    A report on the political-line of the USSR, attributing perestroika to the removal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan. The document offers support for solving intra-Afghan conflicts.

  • November 08, 1989

    Summary of Visit by Czechoslovak Foreign Minister Jaromír Johanes to China

    This report includes information on economic cooperation projects between Czechoslovakia and China and on the political situation in both countries. While the Czechoslovak side focuses on the democratization of the country, China points to its consolidated Socialist system. Also attached are records of conversations between Jaromír Johanes, Li Peng, and Jiang Zemin.

  • November 19, 1989

    Teleprint from CC CPCz to First Secretary CC CPCz and Secretaries of Regional and District Committees

    Following an anti-government protest in Prague, information has been reported on plans for another general strike in the CSSR on 27 November.

  • November 21, 1989

    Teleprint from the Presidium of the CC CPS to the Secretaries of Regional Committees of the CPCz [and] CPS and the Party Municipal Committees in Prague and Bratislava

    The Presidium reports recent anti-socialist disturbances in Prague, with the organizers allegedly influencing and manipulating the public, especially targeting students. It is emphasized that the CPCz and CPS must maintain order, and affirm the socialist position through media outlets.

  • November 23, 1989

    Teleprint, 'Summary of the Demands Made by Opposition Groups Represented by the Civic Forum'

    The demands for reform by the Civic Forum and the anti-communism movement in Czechoslovakia are outlined, in regards to the legal system, political system, economy, and a general re-structuring of power. The general decline in support of the CPCz and growth of support for opposition groups is apparent.

  • November 23, 1989

    Teleprint from Jozef Lenárt, Secretary of CC CPS, to Regional Committees and Municipal Committees in Prague and Bratislava

    Lenart presents information on an upcoming strike, planned by a now-unified organization of protesters called the Civic Forum. He reports the demands of the Civic Forum, explicated in their proclamation.

  • November 24, 1989

    Speech by Premier Ladislav Adamec at the Extraordinary Session of the Czechoslovak Communist Party Central Committee

    This transcript shows the Czech party elites choosing against violent repression of the mass protests in Wenceslas Square. More clearly than in almost any other Party document, the reasons for nonviolence are spelled out: such a solution would only temporarily "return calm," it would radicalize the youth, "the international support of the socialist countries can no longer be counted on," and "the capitalist states" might react with a "political and economic boycott."

  • November 28, 1989

    Teleprint, Information on the Conclusions of Nationwide Party Congress held in Prague

    The objectives of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia are outlined, as a result of the nationwide party congress on 28 November in Prague.