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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 02, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'Reactions of Cuban Society to Fidel Castro’s Address'

    A report from the Chinese Embassy in Havana describing the reactions to a speech made by Fidel Castro, in which he said Cuba would not trade for peace by making concessions to imperialism, and to the Chinese support of Cuba's position.

  • November 02, 1962

    Entry from the Journal of Soviet ambassador to India Benediktov, Conversation with Indian Foreign Ministry General-Secretary R.K. Nehru

    Journal entry by Benediktov describing a conversation with Indian Foreign Ministry General-Secretary R.K. Nehru regarding border disputes with China. Approaching the Soviet envoy at a social gathering, the Indian official relayed an oral message to Khrushchev from Indian Prime Minister Nehru (whom he described as "exceptionally busy, very tired"), giving his analysis of the underlying motives behind China's actions in the border dispute. The Indian leader assessed that Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai--with whom Nehru had cooperated in championing the rise of the non-aligned movement only a few years earlier--opposed the current militant policy toward India, but that leftist dogmatists-sectarians within the Chinese leadership, such as Liu Shaoqi, supported it. They did so, Nehru reportedly maintained, not because of the border dispute, but to strike a blow against the general phenomenon of neutrality in order to discredit Moscow's line of peaceful coexistence and competition with the West, and avoiding general nuclear war. In fact, Nehru was said to declare, the Chinese threatened to embroil the entire world in war, and had divided the globe into two new camps: not East and West, but "one - for the continuation of the human species, the other (the Chinese sectarians) - against."

  • November 04, 1962

    Record of Conversation between Zhou Enlai and North Korean Government Trade Delegation

    Premier Zhou Enlai and DPRK Government Trade Delegation discuss bilateral trade between China and North Korea. They emphasize the importance of exchanging requests for product types so as to improve quality of products produced from both sides. In addition, they are concerned about the trade imbalance between these two countries and with the Soviet Union. They emphasized the importance of self-reliance in economic development.

  • November 05, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Instruction to Diplomatic Posts on How to Express Attitude in Response to Khrushchev’s Letters'

    Instruction to from the Chinese Foreign Ministry to the Embassy in Yugoslavia (and all other embassies) asking them to avoid commenting directly on the exchange of letters between Kennedy and Khrushchev, but positively indicate China's support for Cuba’s struggle.

  • November 05, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'Report of the Conversation between Charge d’Affaires Huang Wenyou and Severo Aguirre del Cristo, Member of the National Leadership Committee of Cuban Integrated Revolutionary Organizations'

    A report from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba to the Chinese Foreign Ministry of the Conversation between Charge d’Affaires Huang Wenyou and Severo Aguirre del Cristo, Member of the National Leadership Committee of Cuban Integrated Revolutionary Organizations about Cuban-Chinese relations and support.

  • November 06, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Instruction on How to Express Positions Regarding the Cuba-Soviet Relationship'

    Instructions from the Chinese Foreign Ministry to the Embassy in Cuba instructing them to indicate their support for Fidel Castro's November 1st speech, but advising "with respect to the Cuban-Soviet relationship, [you] should not speak but listen [zhiting bushuo]."

  • November 06, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 10:30 a.m., Tuesday

    Pinto calls to attention the rude and violent tone of the proclamations of support to Cuba on the part of China contrasting with the relative moderation of the USSR and of its satellites. Pinto believes Mao is "taking a shot" at Khrushchev.

  • November 06, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in India, 'On the Withdrawal of Embassy Staff from India'

    Report on the progress of the withdrawal of Chinese embassy staff from India

  • November 07, 1962

    Note from the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Note to the Polish Embassy in China on Protecting Beijing’s Rights and Interests if India Severs Diplomatic Relations with China'

    The PRC requested Poland to take care of the houses, assets and archives of the Chinese embassy and consulates in India in the case that the latter announced to sever diplomatic relations with Beijing.

  • November 08, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'A Brief Report of a Cuban Military Intelligence Official’s Talk'

    According to military intelligence, the situation between US and Cuba has "calmed down". There are fewer fly-overs and the American Navy has backed away from Cuban territory.

  • November 08, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'Report on the Experience of the Soviet National Day Reception'

    A report describing the Soviet National Day in Cuba by the Chinese Embassy. They describe the day as cordial and reference many forms of Cuban-Chinese-Soviet cultural relations.

  • November 08, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba Investigation Group, 'Guevara's Mother Talked About the Soviet-Cuban Relationship'

    A cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba describing a visit by Guevara's mother [Celia de la Serna y Llosa], Madam Moke, and Abraham Guillén [a Marxist author].

  • November 10, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy to the Soviet Union, 'A Report of the Speech Given By the Chief Editor of the Soviet Weekly Za Rubezhom'

    On the 31st of October, the chief editor of the Soviet weekly, Za Rubezhom delivered a report on current events in the Moscow Agriculture College. Regarding the Cuba problem and the Sino-Indian border problem.

  • November 12, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'A Report of the Conversation with the Deputy Editor of Noticias de Hoy, Raúl Valdes Vivo'

    A report of a conversation from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba detailing the situation different Latin American countries face in regards to US-Cuba relations, especially in terms of the US economic and naval blockade.

  • November 13, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'A Report of the Conversation between Chargé d’Affaires Huang Wenyou, and Cuban Deputy Foreign Minister Pelegrin Torras'

    The conversation described in the report covered Cuba's situation with the UN and the Sino-Indian border problem.

  • November 15, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'Report on Fidel Castro’s letter to UN Secretary-General U Thant'

    A report from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba saying that Castro has send a letter to the United Nations Secretary-General rejecting any country or international organization who would conduct inspections on Cuban territory. The letter also reveals that US airplanes being sent into Cuban airspace could be shot down.

  • November 15, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Instructions on the Sino-Indian Boundary Issue'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry analyzes the attitude of Latin American countries toward the Sino-Indian border conflict and gave instructions on how to mobilize support for China's cause.

  • November 15, 1962

    Premier Chou En-Lai's [Zhou Enlai's] Letter to the Leaders of Asian and African Countries on the Sino-Indian Boundary Question (November 15, 1962)

  • November 16, 1962

    Information on the DPRK Position Regarding Measures by the Soviet Government for a Peaceful Resolution of the Cuba Conflict and Regarding the Chinese-Indian Border Conflict

    The reporter notes that the Korean press, Kim Il Sung, and the Korean Labor Party didn't talk much about Soviet aid for Cuba, and that North Korea supports China in the Chinese-Indian boundary dispute.

  • November 16, 1962

    Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Preliminary Study of Consequences of Severing Relations with India'

    As per Zhou Enlai's request, the Chinese Foreign Ministry put together a preliminary study of the consequences of and how to respond to two contingencies: 1/India severed diplomatic relations with China and 2/India declared war on China