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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 27, 1962

    Cable from Federal Republic of Germany Embassy, Washington (Knappstein)

    A cable from the West German Embassy in Washington, D.C. discussing the threat to American security posed by an "offensive" Soviet base in Cuba, insights provided by recent intelligence, the purpose and the impact of the American blockade of Cuba, negotiations that have taken place at the United Nations, Soviet intentions during the Cuban crisis and, finally, a comparison of Cuba to the situation in Berlin.

  • October 28, 1962

    Message from Bertrand Russell to Khrushchev

    Bertrand Russell expressed his admiration for the manner in which Khrushchev dealt with the Cuban Missile Crisis.

  • October 28, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Havana (Bastian Pinto), 6:45 p.m., Sunday

    Pinto describes a meeting with Roa in which Roa repeats a message from Fidel Castro's proclamation that the evacuation of the American base Guantanamo should be directed at not only the United States, but also the Soviet Union, to show both that Cuba is not a toy of the great powers and should be heard in the coming negotiations.

  • October 28, 1962

    U Thant's message to Khrushchev

    U Thant expressed his consent at the Soviet effort to resolve the Cuban crisis and informed Khrushchev of his upcoming visit to Cuba. U Thant said that he was happy to know that the USSR had sent Mr. Kuznetsov to New York to work with him. Prospect of UN monitors in Cuba was also mentioned.

  • October 28, 1962

    Letter from Khrushchev to Fidel Castro

    Khrushchev informed Castro of his deal with J.F.Kennedy. The Soviet leader warned Castro of attempts to sabotage the agreement by men in the Pentagon and urged him to restrain from being provoked, e.g. firing at American planes.

  • October 28, 1962

    Letter from Fidel Castro to Khrushchev

    Fidel Castro explained to Khrushchev his decision to shoot down American planes operating in Cuban air space and reaffirmed his opposition to any inspection of Cuban territory.

  • October 28, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'The Chilean Economic Advisor Jaime Barrios Discussed the Cuban Situation'

    A conversation with the Chilean economic advisor. They discuss: American plane shot down over Cuba, possible invasion of Cuba and the mass mobilization needed to support Cuba.

  • October 28, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Havana (Jeleń), 28 October 1962

    Jelen discusses the various diplomatic communication channels that are taking place during the Cuban Missile Crisis through speeches, letters, phone conversations, etc., mostly between the leaders of the US, the USSR and Cuba.

  • October 28, 1962

    Telegram from Yugoslav Embassy in Rio (Barišić) to Yugoslav Foreign Ministry

    Barišić is forwarding a message from Brazilian President João Goulart to Yugoslavian President Tito. The body of the message contains his thoughts on both Brazil and Yugoslavia's involvement in the Cuban Missile Crisis and also his hopes that negotiations can reach a settlement that will both retain Cuba's right to self-determination and also proceed with the denuclearization efforts of Latin America.

  • October 28, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation, Federal Republic of Germany Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and US Ambassador Walter Dowling, Rhöndorf, West Germany

    In preparation for an upcoming NATO Council meeting, the US and West German representatives discuss the current situation in Cuba - the developments of Soviet missile bases thus far, the United Nations negotiations in process, talks (letters) between Kennedy and Khrushchev, American surveillance planes coming under fire, and Soviet ships approaching the blockade line. Giving these circumstances, they feel the United States will perhaps feel compelled to resort to military action shortly.

  • October 29, 1962

    Telegram from Mexican Embassy, Washington (Flores)

    A telegram from the Mexican Embassy in Washington, DC describing the US's stance on the situation in Cuba and the opinions of President Kennedy.

  • October 29, 1962

    Telegram from Mexican Embassy, Prague

    The Mexican ambassador to Czechoslovakia says in this telegram that Czechoslovakia repudiates the United States' blockade of Cuba, declares its support for Cuba, and supports the declaration by the Soviet delegate at the Security Council.

  • October 29, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos), 1:30 p.m., Monday

    Secretary of State Dean Rusk tells Brazilian officials about letters that have been sent between Kennedy and Khrushchev discussing missile bases in both Cuba and Turkey.

  • October 29, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Havana (Jeleń), 29 October 1962

    Jelen relays information on several recent diplomatic actions of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

  • October 29, 1962

    Telegram from Yugoslav Foreign Ministry to Yugoslav Embassies in Havana and Washington and Yugoslav Mission to the United Nations

    Brazilian President João Goulart emphasizes that the possibility of an adequate solution (to the Cuban Missile Crisis) could be increased if there were measures to suspend the quarantine (blockade) immediately, followed by corresponding and effective stoppage of weapons shipment to Cuba as well as determining obligations to prevent the spreading of nuclear weapons and the installation of bases. In his opinion the danger of war could increase significantly and worries of Brazil would grow as far as its own security was concerned, if such bases were installed in Cuba or any other part of LA. He also brought to the attention the proposal of Brazil in the UN for the denuclearization of Latin America.

  • October 29, 1962

    Message from Mexican Ambassador to the Organization of American States (OAS), Washington, enclosing memorandum of meeting of US Secretary of State Rusk with Latin American Ambassadors from 28 October 1962

    A memorandum about Secretary of State Dean Rusk’s declarations during the meeting with the Latin American Ambassadors at the State Department on Sunday 28 October 1962. Rusk makes two points: the crisis situation in Cuba is not settled and nothing of what the United States says and does will alter its attitude towards the pressing situation in Cuba. At the end of the meeting, Rusk says that “the solidarity of the OAS had been a magnificent contribution to peace and that it had made a deep impression around the entire world, especially in Moscow," constituting an appeal for them to be discreet in their declarations to the press given that the situation facing the world continues being delicate.

  • October 30, 1962

    Chinese Embassy in Cuba, A Report on a Conversation with Two Deputy Department Heads of Cuban General Staff

    Two department heads of the Cuban general staff (revolutionary education and film departments) spoke with the military attache to the Chinese embassy in Cuba. They discussed morale of the Cuban troops, relations with other socialist countries and the American airplane shot down over Cuba.

  • October 30, 1962

    Memorandum on Message from Mexican Embassy, Caracas

    The Mexican Embassy in Venezuela describes the situation in Venezuela in regards to the ongoing Cuban crisis. The Venezuelan President makes two points: that Cuba, before becoming a Soviet atomic base, was already exporting slogans, money and weapons to destroy American democratic regimes; and that the Venezuelan Government had the firm intention of carrying out each of its international commitments (to Cuba, especially).

  • October 30, 1962

    Cable from Swiss observer at the United Nations (Thalmann)

    A telegram from the Swiss observer to the United Nations (Thalmann) about recent actions - the negotiation of ICRC participation in Cuba, the removal of the quarantine and the Soviet Union has declared that it would be willing to let representatives of the ICRC inspect its ships bound for Cuba.

  • October 30, 1962

    Polish Embassy, Rio de Janeiro (Chabasinski), to Polish Foreign Ministry

    Telegram describing conversation between Ambassador Chabasinski and former Brazilian president Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira. They discussed their dissatisfaction with the US's "Alliance for Progress" and recent US diplomatic efforts, among other topics.